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Will the U.S. Continue to be a Nation of Immigrants?

Immigration in U.S. Obama

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#161
caltrek

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Speaking of the need for struggle:

 

The Trump Administration Revokes Legal Status for More Than 50,000 Haitian Immigrants

 

http://www.motherjon...ian-immigrants/

 

Introduction:

 

The Department of Homeland Security announced Monday evening that more than 50,000 Haitian immigrants living in the United States will lose the status that protects them from deportation. As of July 22, 2019, they’ll  be forced to return to Haiti or risk living in the United States as undocumented immigrants in an era of heightened fear. 

 

Temporary protected status is granted by DHS to foreign nationals whose home countries are dealing with humanitarian crises such as war or, as in Haiti’s case, a natural disaster. It’s usually renewed in 6 to 18-month intervals. 

 

A 7.0 magnitude earthquake struck the small Caribbean country in 2010, killing an estimated 300,000 people and leaving millions homeless. President Barack Obama granted the special status to Haitians the following year.

 

Haitians’ TPS had been continually renewed since then, but in May, then-DHS head and now Trump chief of staff John Kelly announced that their status, which was coming up again for renewal in July, would only be renewed for six months and reevaluated in November.

 

Earlier this month, DHS terminated TPS for Nicaraguan immigrants, giving the 2,500 TPS holders until January 5, 2019 to leave the country.

 

Immigration activists and even members of Congress have cautioned the Trump administration against sending Haitian immigrants back. Since the earthquake, Haiti has been dealing with an ongoing cholera epidemic, chronic poverty, and underemployment, exacerbated by the ongoing recovery from Hurricane Matthew which killed hundreds in 2016. Proponents of extending their status also argue that Haitian TPS holders are leading productive lives in the US; according to a studyby the Center for Migration Studies, 80 percent are employed, more than 6,000 have a mortgage, and 27,000 of their children are US citizens.

 

 

I suppose one could argue that this will actually be better for Haiti.  Forcing these folks back to Haiti might mean that they can apply skills learned here in the United States toward rebuilding their own native country.  Still, I definitely do not like the "forcing" part of that observation.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#162
caltrek

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Because when struggle is engaged in, victories are sometimes achieved.

 

Jeff Sessions Gives In and Sends Federal Funds to Sanctuary Cities

 

http://www.motherjon...nctuary-cities/

 

Introduction:

 

(Mother Jones)  For the first time since September, when a federal judge curtailed the Department of Justice’s power to withhold federal funds from sanctuary cities, Attorney General Jeff Sessions awarded grants on Monday to 36 jurisdictions the agency says are noncompliant with federal immigration authorities. The grants are part of a nearly $1 billion initiative through the Department’s Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) office to hire more than 800 new full-time police officers in 179 departments.

 

In his statement about the grants, Sessions conceded that only “80 percent of this year’s COPS Hiring Program grantees have agreed to cooperate with federal immigration authorities in their detention facilities.” He commended these recipients for their “commitment to ending…violent crime stemming from illegal immigration.” The remaining 20 percent of recipients did not commit to this kind of cooperation. 

 

 

The funding announcement is a departure from Sessions’ longstanding battle against sanctuary cities. It comes five days after the DOJ sent letters to 29 jurisdictions it has preliminarily deemed non-compliant with federal immigration policy, giving them until December 8 to prove compliance. There’s some overlap between those 29 jurisdictions and the 36 sanctuary jurisdictions that got funding Monday, many of which are in California, including Sacramento.

 

 

One notable recipient of Monday’s COPS grants is Chicago, which launched the lawsuit against Sessions that resulted in September’s preliminary injunction. The city will receive $3,125,000 to add 25 officers who will specialize in gun violence to its 12,000-strong force.

 

 

During his first week in office, Trump issued an executive order in part barring federal grants to sanctuary cities. This section of the directive was struck down in April, and in July, to work around the court order, Sessions announced narrower plans to withhold funding from law enforcement agencies that do not comply with federal immigration authorities. That policy specifically targeted Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grants, which Chicago has used to purchase SWAT equipment, vehicles, and stun guns. 

 

 

 Also, chock up another victory for non-violent non-cooperation.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#163
caltrek

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Here is another story related to the one above:

 

Federal Judge Blocks Trump's Sanctuary City Order

 

https://www.courthou...er-permanently/

 

 

Introduction:

 

 

SAN FRANCISCO (Courthouse News) —A federal judge Monday permanently struck down one of President Donald Trump’s first executive orders, cutting off funds to “sanctuary cities.”

 

In a summary judgment ruling, U.S. District Judge William Orrick III found Trump’s Jan. 25 executive order violated the Constitution in multiple ways: by invoking spending powers that belong exclusively to Congress, and by placing unrelated conditions on federal grants in violation of the Tenth Amendment.

 

“Federal funding that bears no meaningful relationship to immigration enforcement cannot be threatened merely because a jurisdiction chooses an immigration enforcement strategy of which the President disapproves,” Orrick wrote in a 28-page ruling.

 

Orrick temporarily banned the executive order in April after San Francisco and Santa Clara County filed separate lawsuits against the presidential directive.

 

With billions in annual federal aid on the line, both jurisdictions cited the risk of major budget uncertainty. San Francisco receives $1.2 billion in annual federal aid and $800 million in multiyear grants, while Santa Clara County relies on $1.7 billion each year to fund essential services, including public health and child protective services.

 

 

How ironic that the judge based his decision in part on the Tenth Amendment.  It used to be conservatives that supported the Tenth Amendment and liberals who pushed the envelope.  How times have changed.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#164
caltrek

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Groups Ask Congress to Intervene in Immigration Detention Facility Conditions

 

 

https://www.courthou...ity-conditions/

 

Introduction:

 

ATLANTA (Courthouse News)- The death of 27-year-old who expired after spending 19 days in solitary confinement at a Georgia immigration detention facility has human rights organizations urging Congress to investigate the centers, which the groups say are violating inmate’s human and civil rights.

 

The request for an investigation was made in a letter signed by 70 state and national organizations and delivered to the sixteen members of Georgia’s congressional delegation.

Included with the letter was a report released by the Atlanta nonprofit Project South and the Pennsylvania State University Law School’s Center for Immigrants’ Rights Clinic, Imprisoned Justice: Inside Two Georgia Immigration Detention Centers.

 

The report revealed what the organizations call deplorable conditions at the Stewart Detention Center and Irwin County Detention Center in Georgia. Jean Carlos Jimenez-Joseph died at the Stewart facility on May 15.

 

“ICE [U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement] is reporting the death as a suicide,” a Project South press release says. “Following requests from the mother of Jimenez-Joseph, members of El Refugio, an organization that provides hospitality to loved ones visiting those detained at Stewart, attempted to visit Jean Carlos, but were turned away citing the conditions of his solitary confinement.”


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#165
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The Taking

 

https://features.pro...operty-seizure/

 

Introduction:

 

(Pro Publica) BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS — The land agents started working the border between Texas and Mexico in the spring of 2007. Sometimes they were representatives from the Army Corps of Engineers. Other times they were officers from the U.S. Border Patrol, uniformed in green, guns tucked into side holsters. They visited tumbledown mobile homes and suburban houses with golf course views. They surveyed farms fecund with sugar cane, cotton and sorghum growing by the mud-brown Rio Grande. They delivered their blunt news to ranchers and farmers, sheet metal workers and university professors, auto mechanics and wealthy developers.

 

The federal government was going to build a fence to keep out drug smugglers and immigrants crossing into the United States illegally, they told property owners. The structure was going to cut straight across their land. The government would make a fair offer to buy property, the agents explained. That was the law. But if the owners didn’t want to sell, the next step was federal court. U.S. attorneys would file a lawsuit to seize it. One way or the other, the government would get the land. That, too, was the law.

 

Additional stories and video in this series will explore the fates of landowners who, a decade later, are still waiting to be paid, as well as those who got to keep their property, but saw its value damaged all the same.

 

The visits launched the most aggressive seizure of private land by the federal government in decades. In less than a year, the Department of Homeland Security filed more than 360 eminent domain lawsuits against property owners, involving thousands of acres of land in the border states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California.

 

Most of the seized land ran along the Rio Grande, which forms the border between Texas and Mexico. All told, the agency paid $18.2 million to accumulate a ribbon of land occupying almost half the length of the 120 miles of the Rio Grande Valley in southernmost Texas.

 

 


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls






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