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#181
caltrek

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In New Year for Record Heat, Enviro Group Cranks Up Stats

 

https://www.courthou...p-cranks-stats/

 

Introduction:

 

HARTFORD, Conn. (CN) – Unveiling a new study, the Natural Resources Defense Council reported a surge Tuesday in the number of people living in areas with more than nine days of extreme heat annually.

 

Nearly 210 million Americans, or two-thirds of the population, live in counties vulnerable to health threats from unexpectedly high summer temperatures, according to the NRDC’s new research.

 

The New York City-based advocacy group says that’s more than just a few decades ago, during the period from 1961 to 1990.

 

“Climate change is fueling more days of extreme summer heat,” Kim Knowlton, deputy director of the NRDC’s Science Center, told reporters Tuesday.

 

Knowlton said her group’s new map shows the how extreme heat, fueled by global climate change, has become a local issue.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#182
caltrek

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I fear that the U.S. is going to suck our state dry of tax revenue and then leave us to our own devices to address problems created by climate change.  All so Trump's billionaire buddies can pad their bottom line.

 

California Senator Wants Hike in Wildfire-Suppression Funds

 

https://www.courthou...pression-funds/

 

Introduction:

 

(Courthouse News) – With Northern California’s brutal October wildfires nearly contained after burning 245,000 acres, destroying over 8,400 buildings and claiming 42 lives, U.S. Sen. Kamala Harris of California called on her Capitol Hill colleagues on Tuesday to hike funding for wildfire suppression and disaster relief.

 

Many Californians who lost everything in the wildfires in Napa, Solano, Sonoma, Mendocino and Yuba counties will turn to disaster relief agencies for help, and state and federal representatives are hoping to rapidly speed funding along. But Harris called for swift passage of the Wildfire Disaster Funding Act, a measure that will update existing spending limits to address the tremendous cost of wildfires in California and across the West.

 

The cost of California’s October fires will exceed $1 billion. The act’s funding for the last fiscal year totaled $1.2 billion, with fire suppression accounting for about half that amount.

“California is resilient and we will rebuild, but we need help,” Harris, a Democrat, said. “We must pass the Wildfire Disaster Funding Act. Today, over half of the United States Forest Service budget is dedicated to combating wildfires compared to just 13 percent of the budget in 1993.”

 

Under the current language of the act, funding would be calculated using a rolling 10-year average of disaster relief. It would also increase funding for firefighting efforts incrementally to nearly $2.7 billion by 2025 – more than twice what was spent last year.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#183
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Climate change might be worse than thought after scientists find major mistake in water temperature readings

The sea was much colder than previously thought, the study suggests, indicating that climate change is advancing at an unprecedented rate

http://www.independe...r-a8020696.html

Global warming might be far worse than we thought, according to a new study.

 

The research challenges the ways that researchers have worked out sea temperatures until now, meaning that they may be increasing quicker than previously suggested.

The methodology widely used to understand sea temperatures in the scientific community may be based on a mistake, the new study suggests, and so our understanding of climate change might be fundamentally flawed.

 


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#184
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October NCEP/NCAR global anomaly up 0.055°C from September

In the Moyhu NCEP/NCAR index, the monthly reanalysis average rose from 0.317°C in September to 0.372°C in October, 2017, making it the warmest month since May It was again a very varied month; starting cool, them a warm spike, and cool again at the end.

The main feature was a big cool band from the Sahara through Siberia to China. Also cold in the SE Pacific, with some La Nina like pattern. Mixed at the poles, but more warm than cold. Since Antarctica was cold last month, this suggests the warming will be reflected more strongly in GISS/TempLS rather than NOAA/HADCRUT.

 

https://moyhu.blogspot.com/2017/


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#185
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CO2 at 403.3 ppm
brian wang | November 3, 2017 |
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2016 saw average concentrations of CO2 hit 403.3 parts per million, up from 400ppm in 2015.

“It is the largest increase we have ever seen in the 30 years we have had this network,” Dr Oksana Tarasova, chief of WMO’s global atmosphere watch programme, told BBC News.

“The largest increase was in the previous El Niño, in 1997-1998, and it was 2.7ppm; and now it is 3.3ppm. It is also 50% higher than the average of the last 10 years.”

Another concern in the report is the continuing, mysterious rise of methane levels in the atmosphere, which were also larger than the average over the past 10 years. Prof Nisbet says there is a fear of a vicious cycle, where methane drives up temperatures which in turn releases more methane from natural sources.

Earlier in 2017, there was a publication that climate models needed to be corrected to correctly model the water loss in leaves in plants.

Prior to the adjustment the old models had projected temperature based upon CO2 ppm as follows.

 

https://www.nextbigf...-403-3-ppm.html


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#186
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Title: "El Niño and the record years 1998 and 2016"

http://www.realclima...016/#more-20806

Extract: "2017 is set to be one of warmest years on record. Gavin has been making regular forecasts of where 2017 will end up, and it is now set to be #2 or #3 in the list of hottest years."


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#187
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Rising sea levels creating first Native American climate refugees

 

https://www.scienced...71023132006.htm

 

Introduction:

 

Rising sea levels and human activities are fast creating a "worst case scenario" for Native Americans of the Mississippi Delta who stand to lose not just their homes, but their irreplaceable heritage, to climate change.

 

"This took a long time to evolve," said Shirell Parfait-Dardar, Chief of the Grand Caillou/Dulac Band of Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw Indians in Dulac, Louisiana. Canal construction, oil and gas extraction from the Gulf Coast, climate change and the routing of the Mississippi River and its land-building floods away from other delta areas have made the loss of land inevitable. "It's gotten so bad there is no way to repair it."

 

The landscape has gradually become more of a waterscape, resembling a "laced doily" of land when seen from the air. Sea-level rise and subsidence of the Mississippi Delta are causing large swaths of land to turn to marsh, then open water, leaving narrow strands of land barely above the muddy waters.

 

"It can be a bit deceiving. It's absolutely beautiful here," said Parfait-Dardar of what people see from the roads. "You can still see some trees in spots. But I'm on a sliver of land. Everything has changed."

 

The story of what this and other bands of Mississippi River Delta Native Americans are experiencing will be presented on Monday at the meeting of the Geological Society of America in Seattle, Washington. Presenting for Parfait-Dardar will be Williams College geoscientist Rónadh Cox, whose students have benefited from visiting Dulac and learning the plight of the Grand Caillou/Dulac Band of Biloxi-Chitimacha-Choctaw Indians from Parfait-Dardar.

171023132006_1_540x360.jpg

Despite what for many are prohibitive costs, some tribal members in Dulac have elevated their houses to deal with the all-too-frequent flooding.

Credit: Photo by Shirell Parfait-Dardar


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#188
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New analysis from The Guardian, since it looks like 3°C (at least) is likely.
From Miami to Shanghai: 3C of warming will leave world cities below sea level
An elevated level of climate change would lock in irreversible sea-level rises affecting hundreds of millions of people, Guardian data analysis shows

 

    Hundreds of millions of urban dwellers around the world face their cities being inundated by rising seawaters if latest UN warnings that the world is on course for 3C of global warming come true, according to a Guardian data analysis.

    Famous beaches, commercial districts and swaths of farmland will be threatened at this elevated level of climate change, which the UN warned this week is a very real prospect unless nations reduce their carbon emissions.

    Data from the Climate Central group of scientists analysed by Guardian journalists shows that 3C of global warming would ultimately lock in irreversible sea-level rises of perhaps two metres. Cities from Shanghai to Alexandria, and Rio to Osaka are among the worst affected. Miami would be inundated - as would the entire bottom third of the US state of Florida.

    The Guardian has found, however, that local preparations for a 3C world are as patchy as international efforts to prevent it from happening. At six of the coastal regions most likely to be affected, government planners are only slowly coming to grips with the enormity of the task ahead - and in some cases have done nothing. ...

 

https://www.theguard...ties-underwater


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#189
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5 Scary Diseases Climate Change May Awaken from the Melting Permafrost

 

https://www.alternet...ting-permafrost

 

Extract:

 

(Alternet) If you are lacking in thoughts to keep you up at night, may I submit for your consideration the melting of the Arctic permafrost. The frozen subterranean soil in the Earth's polar regions accounts for about 25 percent of the Northern Hemisphere. Climate change, that great consequence of human arrogance, industry and tendency toward destruction, is causing that ice to melt at rates previously unseen. Studies show the Arctic is warming twice as fast as the rest of the world, and a 2017 report from the Arctic Council suggests 20 percent of the uppermost layers of permafrost may melt by 2040. As the ice begins to thaw, each eroding layer will expose new layers, along with microbes that have been frozen away for thousands of years. That vast collection of bacteria, viruses and other pathogens may impact—or infect—our lives in ways that are best not to consider just before bed.

 

Here are five scary diseases climate change may expose to humanity.

 

1. Anthrax.

2. Previously unknown viruses.

3. Diseases that had been previously eradicated.

4. Whatever killed our now-extinct human ancestors.

5. Any of the scary things on this list.

See linked article for brief discussion of each of these "five scary diseases".


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#190
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Added Arctic data shows global warming didn't pause
November 20, 2017

Missing Arctic temperature data, not Mother Nature, created the seeming slowdown of global warming from 1998 to 2012, according to a new study in the journal Nature Climate Change.

 

 

Read more at: https://phys.org/new...-didnt.html#jCp


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#191
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Map Shows Exactly How Many Republicans in Your District Don’t Believe in Global Warming

 

http://www.motherjon...global-warming/

 

Introduction:

 

Republicans have a long history of denying climate science, but a new study shows that a plurality of Republican voters in all 50 states believe that global warming is occurring—but they are not convinced that human beings have anything to do with it. 

 

Environmental and political science researchers from University of California- Santa Barbara, Yale University, and Utah State University wanted to study the differences between the way Republicans and Democrats viewed global warming and climate change. Between 2008 and 2016, they collected answers to questions about energy and climate policies from nearly 5,700 Republican voters and more than 6,000 Democratic voters. In their analysis published today in the journal Climatic Change, they found that Republicans living in Democratic-held congressional districts “tend to be somewhat more concerned with climate change.” In blue enclaves like New York City, Miami, San Francisco, and their surrounding areas, the number can soar to 66 percent. 

 

The overwhelming majority of scientists say that global warming is mainly caused by human activity, but this is where Republicans part company with Democrats. Nationwide, only 31 percent of Republicans believe that greenhouse gas emissions are warming the planet, while 46 percent believe that climate change is caused naturally. This idea is particularly pronounced in Montana’s lone district, where only 24 percent of Republicans believe that humans are to blame for the warming planet. In contrast, 66 percent of Democrats believe that humans are driving climate change. 

 

20171129-deniermaps4.jpg


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#192
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Florida Will Lose 6,000 Historic Sites to Sea-Level Rise by 2100, Scientists Warn

 

 

http://www.miaminewt...by-2100-9872871

 

Introduction:

 

(Miami New Times) If you've been delaying your visit to Miami's Vizcaya Museum & Gardens, the Ernest Hemingway house in Key West, or the 18th-century Cathedral Basilica of St. Augustine, now is the time to make arrangements. The same goes for scientists: If you're planning, say, a study of the indigenous civilizations that lived in the Everglades thousands of years before Europeans arrived, start digging tomorrow.

 

Because according to a new study published this week, Florida stands to lose nearly 6,000 archaeological and historic sites by 2100 if seas rise by just one meter. Scientists from the University of Tennessee, Indiana University, Northern Kentucky University, and others warn that just one meter of ocean rise could destroy 19,676 historic sites across the Southeastern United States alone — and since Florida is the region's flattest, lowest, and most ocean-exposed state, the Sunshine State naturally stands to lose more irreplaceable areas than any other state.

 

Of the exposed areas within Florida that sit lower than one meter above sea-level, 5,498 are listed as archeological areas. Another 438 are sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

 

"Many more unrecorded archaeological and historic sites will also be lost as large areas of the landscape are flooded," researchers warn in the study published in the academic journal PLOS One. "The displacement of millions of people due to rising seas will cause additional impacts where these populations resettle. Sea level rise will thus result in the loss of much of the record of human habitation of the coastal margin in the Southeast within the next one to two centuries, and the numbers indicate the magnitude of the impact on the archaeological record globally."

 

Frighteningly, many respected scientific bodies have warned the country to brace for even larger ocean surges. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association, for example, warned last January that, though improbable, ten to 12 feet of ocean rise could be possible by the end of this century.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#193
caltrek

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In Alaska's Thawing Permafrost, Humanity's 'Library Is on Fire'

 

https://insideclimat...ling-traditions

 

Extract:

 

(Inside Climate News) But it's the changes in the environment that are the most profound: With temperatures rising faster in the Arctic than anywhere else in the world, the very ground on which communities are built is slumping as the permafrost thaws, and the sea ice that sustains vital animal populations is melting earlier and re-forming later than ever before. Less sea ice means stronger storms and bigger waves, and villages across the region are at risk of falling into the sea as each year coastal erosion eats away at the shoreline. As Ahsoak works to preserve Inupiaq culture, the physical world that shaped that culture is facing an urgent threat.

 

That's the context in which the archaeologist Anne Jensen, a native of upstate New York who arrived in Utqiagvik 22 years ago, is at work on another project of cultural preservation. The Ukpeaġvik Iñupiat Corporation (UIC), the local native corporation, hired her in the 1990s to help preserve and learn about archaeological sites in the area. Every summer, Jensen and a crew of volunteers venture out to remote areas, sleeping in tents to excavate sites that are hundreds or thousands of years old. It was on one of these digs in the early 2000s that Jensen and Ahsoak first crossed paths—he worked as a logistics coordinator and bear guard as Jensen excavated a historical site on Point Barrow, learning about how Ahsoak's ancestors once lived. While their methods differ, Ahsoak and Jensen's missions in many ways align.

 

And in climate change, they face a common obstacle.

 

The homes, weapons, and even bodies that Jensen digs up are extraordinarily well preserved—unlike archaeological sites elsewhere in the world, these pieces of history have been locked in ice. But as the permafrost thaws, so do these sites, and as erosion eats away at the coast, it's washing away the history locked inside it. Once gone, the story that these sites can tell, about food webs, migratory patterns, and traditional ways of life, will disappear too. Just as Ahsoak is working to preserve his community's traditions, Jensen is racing to capture this historical record before it's lost—and, perhaps, to find in the region's past some answers for its future.

alaska-jensen-skull_sabrina-shankman.jpg

Archaeologist Anne Jensen has been working on cultural preservation projects in Utqiagvik for 22 years.  

Credit: Sabrina Shankman


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#194
wjfox

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#195
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Australia's greenhouse gas emissions highest on record

Exclusive: Renewable energy and proper climate policy are key to dropping emissions, carbon consultancy chief says

Sunday 10 December 2017 12.00 EST

Australia’s emissions over the past year were the highest on record, when relatively unreliable emissions from land use are excluded, according to estimates by the carbon consultancy NDEVR Environmental.

Greenhouse gas emissions continued to rise in recent quarters, with the most recent the second highest for any quarter since 2011, despite electricity emissions being driven down by wind generation.

The government’s official public release of data on emissions is now six months behind and NDEVR Environmental’s estimations attempt to mirror that methodology. Released in partnership with Guardian Australia, the results have proven very accurate when compared with data eventually released by the federal government.

The ever-increasing emissions are taking Australia further from both its carbon-reduction commitments made in Paris and the much bigger reductions demanded by the science-based targets, recommended by the government’s Climate Change Authority.

 

https://www.theguard...MP=share_btn_tw


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#196
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World leaders take aim at climate change and Trump

 

http://beta.latimes....1212-story.html

 

Introduction:

 

President Trump, who previously announced plans to pull the United States out of the 2015 Paris climate agreement, was not invited to a climate change summit in Paris attended by world and business leaders this week, but his presence loomed large.

 

The 2015 accord was front and center at the summit Tuesday aimed at giving the agreement a boost and the financing to combat global warming. Nations and business leaders pledged their commitment to the accord without Trump.

 

On Tuesday, top international figures lined up to describe Trump's decision as wrongheaded and playing politics with the planet.

 

"Donald Trump may have pulled out of Paris, but not the American people," former U.S. Secretary of State John F. Kerry added.

 

Kerry said many Americans remain "absolutely committed" to the Paris accord. He said 38 states have legislation pushing renewable energy and 90 major American cities support the agreement.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#197
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Yet Another Group of Scientists Just Said We Are the Ones Screwing the Weather

 

http://www.motherjon...ng-the-weather/

 

Introduction:

 

(Mother Jones) For the first time in the six years the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Societyhas published its annual extreme event report, it has found that certain events could not have happened without human-caused climate warming. Weather researchers say that in 2016, climate change led to record global heat, extreme temperatures across Asia, and a marine heat wave off the coast of Alaska called “the blob.

 

“These are not just new odds, these are new weather extremes made possible by a new climate,” said Jeff Rosenfeld, the bulletin’s editor-in-chief, during a press conference at the American Geophysical Union fall meeting in New Orleans. “We have created a new climate.”

 

Scientists from all over the world contributed to this report, with studies analyzing 21 different events in 2016, from US snowstorms and South African drought, to ocean hot spots and Arctic warmth. Only six of the 27 papers in the report did not point to climate change as a significant driver of extreme weather events.

 

 “It’s important to remember that climate change does not act alone,” said Stephanie Herring, a scientist with NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information and one of the report’s editors, during the press conference announcing the findings. “Natural variability is still a player in all extreme events.”

 

heat_dec13_2017.jpg?w=990

Tomwang112/iStock


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#198
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New Study Says Climate Change Made Hurricane Harvey a Lot Worse

 

http://www.motherjon...ey-a-lot-worse/

 

Extract:

 

(Mother Jones) Spoiler alert: global warming made the destruction of Hurricane Harvey both worse and more likely. In a new paper by Mark Risser and Michael Wehner of Lawrence Berkeley Labs, they first show us the rainfall trend for Houston over the past 70 years (see graph below quote box):

 

The upward trend is clear. I’ve added the dashed line showing Hurricane Harvey, which dropped 481 mm of rain over the greater Houston area.

 

…In 1950, a storm dropping 300 mm of rain on Houston was likely to occur once every 300 years. By 2016, such storms were expected every 30 years. These trends are partly due to climate change, which leads the authors to this conclusion:

 

We find that human-induced climate change likely increased the chances of the observed precipitation accumulations during Hurricane Harvey in the most affected areas of Houston by a factor of at least 3.5. Further, precipitation accumulations in these areas were likely increased by at least 18.8% (best estimate of 37.7%).

 

Climate change more than tripled the odds of a huge Harvey-like story hitting Houston, and increased the rainfall by about 38 percent. So can you say that climate change “caused” Harvey? Not quite. But you can say that it probably made it a lot more likely and a lot more damaging.

blog_houston_rainfall_1950-2017.jpg


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls






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