[January 7th, 1918] The First All-Ukraine Congress of Soviets declares Ukraine a Soviet Socialist Republic, still independent from Russia, and disavows the Rada. The Ukrainian Soviets, along with Russian Red Guards, would successfully defeat the Rada on January 26, 1918.
[January 28th, 1918] The Sovnarkom decree "On the Organization of a Worker-Peasant Red Army" on a volunteer basis is issued. Allied leaders announce that the Czechoslovak Legion in Russia has become an integral part of the French army. The Latvian National Assembly (Tautas Padome) proclaims independence.
[February 10th, 1918] Trotsky walks out of the Brest-Litovsk negotiations, declaring a policy of "neither war nor peace": Soviet Russia will not accept the annexationist peace terms offered by the Central Powers but will not continue fighting. Red forces seize Taganrog.