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The Russian Revolution

1917 1905 Russia Soviet Union CCCP USSR February October Bolsheviks Vladimir Lenin

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#61
Yuli Ban

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[January 1st, 1918] Finland announces its independence from Russia. Meanwhile, the CPC accepts an offer of negotiation from the Ukrainian Rada. The negotiations soon fail.

 

[January 4th, 1918] The Finnish Declaration of Independence is recognized by Russia, Sweden, Germany and France.

 

[January 6, 1918] Lenin writes the Draft Decree on the Dissolution of the Constituent Assembly.

 

[January 7th, 1918] The First All-Ukraine Congress of Soviets declares Ukraine a Soviet Socialist Republic, still independent from Russia, and disavows the Rada. The Ukrainian Soviets, along with Russian Red Guards, would successfully defeat the Rada on January 26, 1918.

 

[January 9th, 1918] Russian Civil War: The counterrevolutionary Volunteer Army was established.

 

[January 12th, 1918] A decree issued by the Council of Peoples' Commissars of the Republic puts all Russian aircraft manufacturing companies under state control.

 

[January 13th, 1918] The Soviet CPC accepts Finish independence, even though the Finnish government is completely bourgeois.

 

[January 18th, 1918] Russian Constituent Assembly meets. The Red Guard breaks up a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on Lenin's orders.

 

[January 19th, 1918] Russian Constituent Assembly proclaims Russian Democratic Federative Republic, but is dissolved by Bolshevik government on same day.

 

[January 22nd, 1918] The Ukrainian People's Republic gains independence from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Kiev is the capital.

 

[January 28th, 1918] Red Army imposes people's diktat.

 

[January 28th, 1918] The Sovnarkom decree "On the Organization of a Worker-Peasant Red Army" on a volunteer basis is issued. Allied leaders announce that the Czechoslovak Legion in Russia has become an integral part of the French army. The Latvian National Assembly (Tautas Padome) proclaims independence.

 

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[January 31st, 1918] Dutov's Cossacks are defeated, and Soviet power is proclaimed in Orenburg.

 

[February 1st, 1918] Patriarch Tikhon anathematizes the Bolsheviks.

 

[February 2nd, 1918] Soviet Decree on Freedom of Conscience, Church and Religious Societies. Sovnarkom proclaims the disestablishment of the Russian Orthodox Church.

 

[February 3rd, 1918] Soviet Decree on the Annullation of State Debts. Sovnarkom repudiates Russia's state debts.

 

[February 5th, 1918] Petrograd: The government proclaims the separation of the Russian Church and state.

 

[February 6th, 1918] Sfatul Țării declares the independence from Russia of the Moldavian People's Republic.

 

[February 8th, 1918] Soviet Decree on Introduction of the Western European Calendar.

 

[February 9th, 1918] The Central Powers sign an exclusive protectorate treaty with the Ukrainian People's Republic as part of the negotiations in Brest-Litovsk.

 

[February 10th, 1918] Trotsky walks out of the Brest-Litovsk negotiations, declaring a policy of "neither war nor peace": Soviet Russia will not accept the annexationist peace terms offered by the Central Powers but will not continue fighting. Red forces seize Taganrog.

 

[February 11th, 1918] Soviet Decree on Establishment of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Fleet.

 

[February 11th, 1918] General Alexey Kaledin, an early leader of the anti-Bolshevik forces in Russia, commits suicide after losing hope that the Bolsheviks could be defeated.

 

[February 12th, 1918] Home Fronts: In Russia, discouraged by disarray within his ranks, Kaledin resigns as ataman. He then shoots himself through the heart. He is replaced by General A. M. Nazarov.

 

[February 13th, 1918] (31 January): At midnight, Soviet Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar; the following day will be 14 February.

 

[February 14th, 1918] Russia switches from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar; the date skips from February 1 to February 14.


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#62
Yuli Ban

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[February 15th, 1918] Petrograd: Russia cuts loose from its former Entente Allies.

 

[February 18th, 1918] The Red Army conquered Kiev.

 

[February 20th, 1918] Russia. On the breakdown of peace talks, the Germans resume attacks on the Russians.

 

[February 21st, 1918] The Committee for the Revolutionary Defense of Petrograd is created. Sovnarkom issues an appeal, "The Socialist Fatherland is in Danger!", as German forces capture Minsk.

 

[February 23rd, 1918] Mass conscription to the Red Army began in Moscow and Petrograd.

 

[February 24th, 1918] The Red Army retreated from Estonia in the face of the German armed forces.

 

[February 25th, 1918] Soviet forces capture Novocherkassk. The newly elected ataman of the Don Cossacks, A. M. Nazarov, is shot by Cossack radicals. German forces capture Revel.

 

[March 2nd, 1918] Soviet forces abandon Kiev, which is then occupied by Austro-German units and forces of the Ukrainian Central Rada commanded by S.V. Petliura.

 

[March 3rd, 1918] Soviet Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, ending its participation in World War I, relinquishing Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine, and ceding to the Ottoman Empire all territory captured in the Russo-Turkish War.

 

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#63
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[March 5th, 1918] Russia: Moscow is declared the new Russian capital in replacement for Petrograd.

 

[March 5th, 1918] The Red Army's Northern and Western "Screens" are created. German forces land on the Åland Islands, as a first step in their intervention in the Finnish Civil War to assist the Finnish Whites.

 

[March 6th-8th, 1918] British and French troops land at Murmansk, at the invitation of the local soviet. The 8th (Extraordinary) Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (Bolsheviks) changes the party name to the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks): RKP(b).

 

[March 7th, 1918] Moscow: The Bolsheviks chage their name to the Russian Communist Party.

 

[March 10th-12th, 1918] The Soviet government moves from Petrograd to the new capital, Moscow. Invading Austrian and German forces occupy Odessa.

 

[March 13th-14th, 1918] Red forces from Novorossiisk capture Ekaterinodar, the Kuban capital and headquarters of the Kuban Cossack Host.

 

[March 14th, 1918] Trotsky is named People's Commissar for Military Affairs. German and White Finnish forces occupy Helsinki (Helsingfors).

 

[March 14th-16th, 1918] The Fourth (Extraordinary) All-Russian Congress of Soviets ratifies the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Subsequently (19 March 1918) all Left-SR commissars resign in protest from Sovnarkom.

 

[March 14th, 1918] Russia. German troops take control of Odessa and the part of the Russian fleet harboured there, giving Germany effective control of the Black Sea.

 

[March 21st, 1918] The election of officers is ended in both the Red Army and the Red Fleet.

 

[March 25th, 1918] The Belarusian People's Republic declares its independence from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Minsk and Hrodna are named the joint capitals.

 

[March 26th, 1918] The Council of the People's Commissars in Russia issues a decree "for the centralization of control, the protection of railroads and increase in their capacity." Decree on the End of Workers' Control over the Railroads

 

[March 26th, 1918] Moscow. The government grants the Czechoslovak Legion permission to travel across Siberia to Vladivostok, to which Masaryk is already en route. The legion will board the Trans-Siberian Railway for the journey.

 

[March 27th, 1918] The Don Cossack Host rises up against Soviet rule.


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Nobody's gonna take my drone, I'm gonna fly miles far too high!
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Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: 1917, 1905, Russia, Soviet Union, CCCP, USSR, February, October, Bolsheviks, Vladimir Lenin

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