Might as well bring Germany into the mix.
Far-Right German Faction Enters State Parliament After Recruiting Neo-Nazis
Bringing neo-Nazi figures into mainstream politics in a manner unprecedented in recent German history, the far-right extremist Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) has entered state parliament in Germany's smallest state of Saarland. Since its formation in 2013, the AfD party has won election after election and now holds seats in 11 out of 16 German state parliaments.
The AfD party received 6.2 percent of total votes for Landtag in Saarland last month, although it had been anticipating a much larger share of the vote only a few months ago and is considered to be in a slump.
This follows revelations published by Stern magazine just last year in March that the head of AfD-Saarland, chairman Josef Dörr, was using WhatsApp messenger and his email to collaborate with locally known and active neo-Nazi leaders in his state. The local faction leader working for Dörr, AfD co-deputy Lutz Hecker, was also found corresponding with local Saarland neo-Nazis.
Most shockingly, however, both Dörr and Hecker were actively recruiting members from rank-and-file supporters of various Saarland neo-Nazi groups into their own local AfD faction. This included supporters traditionally voting for the Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands (NPD) party in German elections. Saarland AfD party leaders gained access to active neo-Nazis in the area after lobbying their appeals to local neo-Nazi organizers, such as senior NPD party member Sascha Wagner and a prominent public hate speech artist Ulrike Reinhardt.
The NPD is an official German political party notorious for its crude neo-Nazi imagery and Nazi apologism. In particular, the party is mostly known for protesting against commemorations of Holocaust victims along with their illegal public sentiments involving Holocaust revisionism and denial.
An Alternative für Deutschland (AfD) demonstration in Mainz, Germany, November 21, 2015.
(Photo: Franz Ferdinand Photography / Flickr)