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The Future of National Monuments

National Monuments preservation conservation science Trump Department of the Interior

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#21
caltrek

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Background on Bears' Ears

 

https://www.theguard...-heritage-trump

 

Extract:

 

Bears Ears is one of the most powerful and historic cultural and spiritual centers of the first peoples of the south-west. The monument, established in the twilight of the Obama administration, stands just next door to Canyonlands national park, north of the San Juan river and east of the Colorado. 

 

The rock formation after which the monument is named comprises twin buttes standing high above the piñon-juniper treetops, carved canyons, and majestic mesas – like the head of a bear emerging from the south-west landscape.

 

The area is revered by a full five Native nations in the south-west: the Navajo, Hopi, Uintah & Ouray Ute, Ute Mountain Ute and Zuni.

 

This land was the birthplace of Chief Manuelito of the Bít’aa’níí or “Folded Arms People Clan”. Manuelito led the Navajo, the second-largest tribal nation in the United States, in a valiant struggle against removal to internment camps in desolate Bosque Redondo, present-day New Mexico. 

 

The Navajo were removed from their homes by gunpoint in 1864 – a dark chapter in Navajo and American history now known simply as the “Long Walk”. Manuelito, the warrior and leader, signed an 1868 treaty that ended this forced exodus, allowing the Navajo to return to a reservation established on homelands spanning parts of Arizona and New Mexico. 

3000.jpg?w=300&q=55&auto=format&usm=12&f

‘Indigenous calls to honor this sacred place have been ignored.’

Photograph: Francisco Kjolseth/AP


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#22
Alislaws

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Having read that Vice article, basically the guy is just pointing out that all of these historic figures were people, with flaws and weaknesses, by putting up a 60ft marble statue of someone you don't teach people about these real people, you're making a myth or a legend, and a statement about who is in charge today and who they venerate.

 

Given that a lot of these people owned slaves and got involved things that were normal and acceptable in their time, but are pretty screwed up by modern standards. We shouldn't confuse ignoring their flaws, and ignoble acts for patriotism, or awareness of their flaws for disloyalty or hatred of America. 

 

 

It's going to be impossible to improve America if we can't be honest about its origins and its past.



#23
caltrek

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Native Americans rewrote the playbook for preserving public land — and Trump is trying to erase it

 

http://www.latimes.c...-htmlstory.html

 

Introduction:

 

(Los Angeles Times) Near the summit of Comb Ridge, in a high-desert region of dancing shadow and red rock splendor, serrated peaks form one of southeast Utah’s most recognizable landmarks.

 

It is hallowed ground for the Navajo and other Native American tribes whose ancestors scaled cliffs to build stone settlements on ledges and alcoves beneath trackless mesas.

 

Eleven months ago, descendants of these ancient people notched one of the great political achievements in Native American history. Following 14 months of government-to-government negotiation between the United States and five Native American tribes, President Obama signed Proclamation 9558.

 

…That achievement is now under siege by the Trump administration, also in an unprecedented way.

 

He may not have known it at the time, but when Obama signed Proclamation 9558, he set in motion a far-reaching confrontation over land, resources and political influence that could reshape rural communities and decide stewardship of the West’s public domain for the rest of the century.

 


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#24
Ewolf20

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can't wait for the next presidential election.


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#25
caltrek

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Uranium firm urged Trump officials to shrink Bears Ears National Monument

 

https://www.washingt...a581_story.html

 

Introduction:

 

(Washington Post) A uranium company launched a concerted lobbying campaign to scale back Bears Ears National Monument, saying such action would give it easier access to the area’s uranium deposits and help it operate a nearby processing mill, according to documents obtained by The Washington Post.

 

Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke and top Utah Republicans have said repeatedly that questions of mining or drilling played no role in President Trump’s announcement Monday that he was cutting the site by more than 1.1 million acres, or 85 percent. Trump also signed a proclamation nearly halving the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, which is also in southern Utah and has significant coal deposits.

 

“This is not about energy,” Zinke told reporters Tuesday. “There is no mine within Bears Ears.”

 

But the nation’s sole uranium processing mill sits directly next to the boundaries that President Barack Obama designated a year ago when he established Bears Ears. The documents show that Energy Fuels Resources (USA) Inc., a subsidiary of a Canadian firm, urged the Trump administration to limit the monument to the smallest size needed to protect key objects and areas, such as archeological sites, to make it easier to access the radioactive ore.

 

In a May 25 letter to the Interior Department, Chief Operating Officer Mark Chalmers wrote that the 1.35 million-acre expanse Obama created “could affect existing and future mill operations.” He later noted, “There are also many other known uranium and vanadium deposits located within the [original boundaries] that could provide valuable energy and mineral resources in the future.”


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#26
Jakob

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It's good that the federal government is giving up land. It's ridiculous that in some western states, it owns the vast majority of all the land.



#27
caltrek

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Well, the following story is about a different kind of monument than what I had in mind when I started this thread.  Since I am the one who did start this thread, I hear by give myself permission to expand the scope of this ambiguously titled thread to include this and related stories and discussion:

 

 

Story for a New Year: Memphis Grassroots Groups and City Officials Get It Done

 

https://nonprofitquarterly.org/2017/12/22/inspirational-story-new-year-memphis-grassroots-groups-city-officials-get-done/

 

Introduction:

 

On Wednesday, two parks were freed by the City of Memphis to be sold. Both were bought by a newly convened nonprofit, and two Confederate statues in those parks came down as residents stood tearful witness.

 

Many in Memphis, which is 64 percent Black, agreed that in preparation for the commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the killing of Martin Luther King on April 4thof next year, the two Confederate statues in the city’s parks should come down. Legally, though, the enterprise was complicated. Under the Tennessee Heritage Protection Act, the removal, relocation, or renaming of a memorial on public property is prohibited.

 

Consequently, on Wednesday, the city council voted to sell those two city parks for $1,000 each to a very new private nonprofit called Memphis Greenspace. One of the parks hosted a statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis, and the other a statue of General Nathan Bedford Forrest on horseback. The city completed the sale quickly, and those statues have now been secreted somewhere by the nonprofit, which removed them the same day the two properties were sold.

 

A grassroots group called Take ’em Down 901 organized for public support, and the removals had been a pre-anniversary goal of Mayor Jim Strickland for some time.

 

“It’s important to know why we’re here,” he wrote. “The Forrest statue was placed in 1904, as Jim Crow segregation laws were enacted. The Davis statue was placed in 1964, as the Civil Rights Movement changed our country. The statues no longer represent who we are as a modern, diverse city with momentum. As I told the Tennessee Historical Commission in October, our community wants to reserve places of reverence for those we honor.”


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#28
caltrek

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Shrinking the Grand Staircase-EscalanteNational Monument is a disaster for paleontology

 

https://theconversat...ontology-103414

 

Introduction:

 

(The Conversation) In the early 1980s, paleontologists Jeff Eaton and Rich Cifelli started digging for fossils in one of the most inaccessible regions of the United States: the Kaiparowits Plateau of southern Utah. They were looking not for dinosaurs, but for ancestral mammals. Mammals almost litter the fossil record after dinosaurs became extinct 65 million years ago, but they were rare before then. Eaton and Cifelli ventured onto the Kaiparowits to comb its rocks for mammals’ tiny teeth and bones.

 

Not only did these two scientists find fossil mammals, they uncovered one of the most complete sequences of vertebrate fossils anywhere in the world from the time when dinosaurs still ruled. What Eaton and Cifelli discovered in Utah showed that life on land was unexpectedly becoming more diverse at a time when life in the oceans was being decimated by chemical changes.

 

Their work demonstrated the tremendous paleontological potential of the Kaiparowits Plateau and the nearby Circle Cliffs and Grand Staircase regions. Rocks in this remote region span the entire Mesozoic Era – the so-called Age of Reptiles – and by the early 1990s were producing scientifically important fossils from all three of its periods, the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous.

 

On Sept. 18, 1996, President Bill Clinton set aside these federal lands as Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. The goal was to protect their paleontological treasures, preserve their hundreds of archaeological sites and keep one of America’s last wildernesses intact.

 

Decades of ongoing research in this region have literally rewritten what scientists know about Mesozoic life, especially about the ecosystems that immediately preceded the final extinction of the dinosaurs. Paleontologists like me know that the still-pristine Grand Staircase-Escalante region has divulged only a fragment of its paleontological story.

file-20180918-158234-hr8zeu.jpg?ixlib=rb

 

The skull of the new ceratopsian dinosaur Machairoceratops, whose discovery site at Grand Staircase has been excluded from the monument. 

Lund et al., 2016CC BY


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#29
caltrek

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Environmentalists Challenge 121 Oil Leases Near Dinosaur National Monument

 

https://www.courthou...ional-monument/

 

Introduction:

 

DENVER (Courthouse News) — Four environmental groups sued Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke on Thursday to protect the two-state Dinosaur National Monument from increased air pollution from oil and gas drilling.

 

Established in 1915, the Dinosaur National Monument encompasses 200,000 acres from Rio Blanco County in northwest Colorado to northeast Utah counties Duchesne and Uintah. An estimated 300,000 people a year visit the park’s 1,500 fossils exposed on the cliff face inside the Quarry Exhibit Hall, spending around $18 million in local economies.

 

According to lead plaintiff Rocky Mountain Wild, the Uinta Basin already “suffers from unhealthy ozone levels due to emissions from extensive oil and gas development.” But in December 2017 and June this year the Bureau of Land Management approved an additional 121 oil and gas leases on 117,720 acres, including some parcels within 3 miles of the monument.

 

Under the Clean Air Act, the EPA has designated the Uinta Basin “an ozone nonattainment area.” The environmental groups consider the obvious culprit the 11,000 producing wells leased across Rio Blanco and the Uinta Basin.

 

Plaintiffs include the National Parks Conservation Association, the Center for Biological Diversity and WildEarth Guardians. Their lead counsel is Stuart Gillespie with Earthjustice in Denver.

 

 

 

 

.Dino.Nat_.Mon_.png?resize=300%2C200

 

Photo of Dinosaur National Monument

via Wikipedia.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#30
caltrek

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Fishing Groups Lose Legal Battle Over Marine Monument

 

https://www.courthou...arine-monument/

 

Introduction:

 

SAN FRANCISCO (Courthouse News) – WASHINGTON (CN) – The national monument that former President Barack Obama established in the Atlantic Ocean survived a court challenge Friday, with a federal judge findingthat the majesty of even underwater lands is worthy of protection.

 

Appropriating words that President Teddy Roosevelt once used to praise the Yosemite Valley, the Canyon of Yellowstone, and the Grand Canyon, U.S. District Judge James Boasberg noted that the Canyons and Seamounts of the Northwestern Atlantic Ocean are a “region of great abundance and diversity as well as stark geographic relief.”

 

“Dating back 100 million years — much older than Yosemite and Yellowstone — they are home to ‘vulnerable ecological communities’ and ‘vibrant ecosystems,’” Boasberg’s 35-page opinion continues. “And, as was true of the hallowed grounds on which Roosevelt waxed poetic, ‘much remains to be discovered about these unique, isolated environments.’”

 

When Obama created the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument in 2016, he relied on a 1906 law passed in Roosevelt’s administration.

 

A year later, the Massachusetts Lobstermen’s Association and four other groups filed suit to unravel the 5,000-square-mile designation: They claimed that high seas do not qualify as the small “parcels of land” discussed in the Antiquities Act.

marine-monument.jpg?resize=300%2C169

These rare dandelion siphonophore were photographed in 2014 in the Northeast Canyons and Seamounts

(NOAA Office of Ocean Exploration and Research, via NRDC)


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls






Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: National Monuments, preservation, conservation, science, Trump, Department of the Interior

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