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Africa News and Discussions

Kenya Ethiopia Sudan Somalia Eritria East Africa Famine Famine Relief International Aid

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#21
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Extremist Must Pay $3.2 Million for Leveled Timbuktu Shrines

 

https://www.courthou...mbuktu-shrines/

 

 

 

(CN) — The International Criminal Court on Thursday ordered an extremist from Mali to pay $3.2 million in reparations for demolishing Sufi shrines that cemented Timbuktu’s reputation as the “City of 333 Saints.”

 

Ahmad al-Faqi al-Mahdi had been part of a band of Tuareg separatists who formed an offshoot of al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb called Ansar Dine in 2012.

Heading Ansar Dine’s anti-vice unit, known as the “Manners’ Brigade,” Al Mahdi’s fundamentalist view of Islamic scripture inspired him to destroy the shrines of a mystical tradition that he viewed as heretical.

 

But Al Mahdi expressed remorse for those actions last year, pleading guilty in the first international criminal prosecutions for crimes against cultural heritage.

 

“I am really sorry, I am really remorseful and I regret all the damage that my actions have caused,” he told the chamber at the time. “I regret what I have caused to my family, my community in Timbuktu, what I have caused my home nation, Mali, and I’m really remorseful about what I had caused the international community as a whole.”

AlMahdiAP.jpg?resize=300%2C187

 

FILE – In this Friday, April 4, 2014 file photo, Mohamed Maouloud Ould Mohamed, a mausoleum caretaker, prays at a damaged tomb in Timbuktu.

(AP Photo/Baba Ahmed, File)


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#22
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With all the human interest stories in Africa that I have come across lately, I did not want to lose sight of the developing potential for famine in East Africa.

 

World Governments Combat Threat of Famine in East Africa

 

http://www.thecompas...t-africa-yemen/

 

Introduction:

 

WASHINGTON — Countries such as the U.S., the United Kingdom and Canada have pledged large sums of money to assist countries facing severe food emergencies, but a gap exists between pledged aid and the amount of aid collected.

 

An Aug. 4 report from the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs stated that South Sudan, Somalia, northeast Nigeria and Yemen need more than $6.3 billion in humanitarian aid if they are to “avert a humanitarian catastrophe” of 20 million people. At least $4.9 billion of the requested $6.3 billion is needed for immediate needs. At the time of the report, only 51 percent of $4.9 billion had been received since the initial request in early spring.

 

The U.N. reported that the U.S., Canada and Australia have completed funding their pledges, but not all contributions from the U.K. and the European Union have been received. The same report stated the U.S. made contributions to the Central Emergency Response Fund as well, providing humanitarian aid to “scale up mitigation measures” specifically addressing famine, malnutrition and food insecurity in Africa and Yemen.

 

On July 8, the U.S. Agency for International Development announced it was increasing humanitarian assistance by $639 million, bringing its total pledge for fiscal 2017 to more than $1.8 billion for Africa and Yemen.

 

“Despite the influx of aid that has helped to alleviate famine in some areas of South Sudan, and has so far prevented famine in Yemen and Somalia, the overall food security situation is worsening, and life-threatening hunger continues to spread in both scope and in scale,” Robert Jenkins, acting assistant administrator for the U.S. Agency for International Development’s bureau for democracy, conflict and humanitarian assistance, told a news conference July 11.

1726-CNS-FOOD-EMERGENCY-web2.jpg

Children stand in front of a mud house in Saada, Yemen, in this 2013 file photo.

(CNS photo | Yahya Arhab, EPA)


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#23
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Polls Close in Angolan Election

 

https://www.bloomber...-s-38-year-rule

 

Extract:

 

Voting ended in a landmark Angolan election that will bring about the first leadership change in almost four decades for Africa’s second-biggest oil producer.

 

“D-day has arrived,” Domingos Francisco said Wednesday as he stood in line behind dozens of voters outside a blue tent that served as a polling station in the Rangel neighborhood in Luanda, the capital. “I arrived at 5 a.m. because I was anxious to vote.” Balloting ended at 6 p.m. in most of the country, Zimbo television reported.

 

Jose Eduardo dos Santos, Africa’s second-longest serving ruler who led Angola through a civil war, an oil-fueled boom and a bust, is stepping down after 38 years in power. Defense Minister Joao Lourenco, the ruling Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola’s presidential candidate, is widely expected to win the vote, according to Ricardo Soares de Oliveira, an Oxford professor and the author of a postwar study on Angola.

 

A defeat of the ruling party is “almost unimaginable,” Soares de Oliveira said in an emailed response to questions. “The most probable outcome remains an MPLA victory, but with a much enhanced performance by the opposition.”

 

…Six parties are competing for 220 seats in parliament and the person heading the list of candidates for the winning party becomes president for a five-year term. About 9 million of Angola’s estimated 27 million people have been registered to vote, and the results have to be announced within 15 days, according to the National Electoral Commission.

400x-1.jpg

 

Jose Eduardo dos Santos during a campaign rally in Luanda, on Aug. 19.

 

Photographer: Marco Longari/AFP via Getty Images

The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#24
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Kenyan President Attacks Judiciary After Election Overturned by Court

 

 

 

https://www.reuters....y-idUSKCN1BD0ES

 

Introduction:

 

NAIROBI (Reuters) - Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta said on Saturday the country has “a problem” with its judiciary that must be fixed.

 

He was speaking a day after the Supreme Court annulled his election win last month and ordered a new poll within 60 days.

 

“We shall revisit this thing. We clearly have a problem,” he said, referring to the judiciary.

 

“Who even elected you? Were you? We have a problem and we must fix it,” he said, speaking on live television at the State House in Nairobi after he met with governors and other elected officials from his Jubilee party.

 

Kenyatta, however, also repeated his message from Friday that he would respect the court’s ruling.

Article14-Kenyan-Supreme-Court-PHOTO-5-1

 

Kenyan Supreme Court judges, from left to right, Njoki Ndung’u, Jackton Ojwang, Deputy Chief Justice Philomela Mwilu, Chief Justice David Maraga, Smokin Wanjala and Isaac Lenaola preside to deliver the election petition judgement, Friday, Sept. 1, 2017 in Nairobi, Kenya.

(AP Photo/Sayyid Abdul Azim)


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#25
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What Good are Elections in East Africa?

 

https://wagingnonvio...ns-east-africa/

 

Introduction:

 

Kenyans concerned with social and political issues in their country gather in circles in public parks, standing in whatever space they can find, under the banner of Bunge la Mwananchi, or the People’s Parliament. Their evening public meetings open up dialogue and organizing opportunities as part of the group’s bottom-up structure for collaborative governance and cooperation.

 

Usually the police don’t disturb them. In the lead up to the August 8 presidential elections, however, the security apparatus cracked down on public debates and discussions, arresting a number of participants.

 

Raids on formal civil society organizations focusing on human rights and good governance themes continued even after the elections. Uhuru Kenyatta, the incumbent president, continues to harm any institutions critical of his brutality and fraudulent hold on power.

 

Forming in 1991, as global neoliberalism accelerated, the unemployed and underemployed allied themselves with other marginalized Kenyans to resist the privatization schemes of then-dictator Daniel arap Moi. They founded Bunge la Mwananchi, or BLM. Their movement grew through public education sessions and debates, where they discussed African liberation movements and the various social and political ills that they had been successful in confronting.

 

“BLM provides people with a platform to meet and discuss issues of governance, human rights and social justice,” said Wilfred Olal, who coordinates a campaign against extrajudicial killings by police. “We provide the space for activism for all Kenyans.”

C4T-6N0WMAUqM5a-615x459.jpg

 

The late Wangui Mbatia Nyauma, one of the founding members of Bunge la Mwananchi, addresses a meeting.

(Twitter/@Bulamwa)


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#26
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Orphaned by the Mudslide in Sierra Leone's Freetown

 

http://www.aljazeera...5123116412.html

 

Introduction:

 

Freetown, Sierra Leone - In the blue hour of dawn, brothers Isaac and Idris picked their way back home along the mud and stone track from morning prayers at their local mosque. The rain was heavy and there was little light, but they could have walked the familiar route with their eyes closed as they had walked this path together every day of their lives.

 

Their fisherman father had one firm rule for them: "Each morning, go to prayers at 4am and be back by the time I wake at 6am. "

 

The boys obeyed this rule every day, dutifully.

 

On Sunday, August 14, their 20 minute walk back was cut short. "We found red tape across the road," says Isaac, 16. "When we asked why and tried to cross, the people gathered there told us 'don't, don't go there, your parents are already dead.'"

 

As he speaks, both brothers look down at their feet. "We didn't know what had happened. We didn't know where to go." 

3fb491ba4d374ca1982c97ac2f0e1feb_18.jpg

 

 

Bystanders look on as floodwaters rage past a damaged building in an area of Freetown on August 14, 2017

[Mohamed Saidu Bah/AFP/Getty Images]


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#27
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Migrant Rights Activists Block Set-up of London Arms Fair

Thursday, 7 September, 2017

 

http://www.globaljus...ondon-arms-fair

 

Extract:

 

On Thursday 7 September, migrant rights activists used theatre, dance and direct action picnics to delay deliveries of weapons for display at Defence & Security Equipment International 2017 (DSEI), one of the world’s biggest arms fairs, which is due to take place next week at the Excel Centre in East London. Taking part in a week of action designed to prevent the set-up of the biennial arms fair, activists called for ‘Free Movement for People not Weapons’.

 

… The All African Women’s Group performed their play, We Are Here Because You Were There, while queer music and drag artists joined with ex-military veterans to obstruct vehicles attempting to enter the arms fair by conducting ‘citizens weapons inspections’.

 

…A spokesperson from the All African Women’s Group said:

“We are here because we were imprisoned, raped, starved, saw our children killed or taken from us under dictatorships armed by Western governments and/or corporations. When we get to the UK we are treated like beggars and criminals and made destitute. Two-thirds of the women in our group have been detained in Yarl’s Wood IRC where we’ve led hunger strikes and other protests against sexist, racist abuse (including sexual violence) by G4S and Serco guards.”
 
“We are campaigning to show that the way asylum seekers are treated gives a green light to racism against all people of colour and immigrant people and that we can come together against the devaluing of all our lives.”

 


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#28
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Contract Awarded for Kenya’s First Expressway

 

http://www.engineeri...enya-2017-09-01

 

Introduction:

 

U.S. company Bechtel International has been awarded the construction contract for Kenya’s first expressway, which has been dubbed one of the most important new pieces of infrastructure in the East African Community region.

 

The 473 km high-speed expressway, connecting Nairobi, the country’s capital, and the port city of Mombasa, will be built at a cost of $2.1-billion, with financing to be provided by US export credit agencies, the US Export-Import Bank, the UK Overseas Private Investment Corporation and UK Export Finance.

 

The expressway, with controlled access and designed for a consistent speed of 120 km/h, will reduce the journey time between the two cities from over ten hours currently to under four hours. It will be operated on a toll basis.

 

Construction is expected to start in January 2018. The projecthas been structured to achieve early completion under a fast-track delivery model, with concurrent design and construction. The first section is expected to be operational from 2019, with final completion to be achieved in about six years.

 

“This expressway will enable Kenya to competitively develop and expand internal and regional trade,” says Kenyan National Highways Authority director-general Peter Mundinia.


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The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#29
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Congo Forces Kill at Least 18 Burundi Refugees

 

http://www.aljazeera...6094527832.html

 

Extract:

 

Congolese security forces have killed at least 18 Burundian refugees during clashes over plans to send some of them home.

 

Josue Boji, a Democratic Republic of Congo interior ministry official, said troops had tried to disperse the refugees by "firing in the air but were overwhelmed" when the group responded by throwing stones in Friday's confrontation.

 

Police and soldiers opened fire as the refugees protested over the resettlement plan and tried to free some of their arrested compatriots in the town of Kamanyola in eastern DRC, sources told the Reuters news agency.

 

Activist Wendo Joel said the refugees had seized a weapon and killed a soldier, though that account was not confirmed by other sources.

 

…More than 400,000 refugees have fled Congo's neighbour Burundi since violence erupted there in April 2015 when President Pierre Nkurunziza said he would seek a third term in office, a move his opponents said was unconstitutional

098fb625bd3145c5b86c4c7c20d2901c_18.jpg


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#30
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World’s Largest Museum Dedicated to African Art Unveiled in Cape Town

 

http://www.engineeri...town-2017-09-15

 

 

Introduction:

 

The world’s largest museum dedicated to contemporary art from Africa and its diaspora has been unveiled at the V&A Waterfront in Cape Town, and will officially open its doors to the public next week.

 

The Zeitz Museum of Contemporary Art Africa (Zeitz MOCAA) is the V&A Waterfront’s R500-million projectaimed at transforming a nearly 100-year-old concrete grain silo into a cutting-edge museum.

 

The development, which has been four years in the making, includes 6 000 m2 of exhibition space in 100 galleries, a rooftop sculpture garden, a bookshop and a restaurant and bar. 

 

“The idea of turning a giant disused concrete grain silo made from 116 vertical tubes into a new kind of public space was weird and compelling from the beginning. We were excited by the opportunity to unlock this formerly dead structure and transform it into somewhere for people to see and enjoy the most incredible artworks from the continent of Africa,” said London-based Heatherwick Studio founder Thomas Heatherwick.

 

Heatherwick designed the museum in conjunction with South African architects.

0000678646_resized_7762hrzeitzmocaaheath


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#31
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Nigeria's Shoreline Energy signs $300 Million Gas Deal with Shell

 

http://www.engineeri...hell-2017-09-11

 

 

Introduction:

 

The Nigerian energy company Shoreline has signed a $300-million agreement with the local unit of Shell to develop gasinfrastructure around the commercial capital, Lagos, both companies said on Monday.

 

Shell said in June that it would place more emphasis on gas rather than oil in the West African country, which has the world's ninth-largest proven gas reserves at 187-trillion cubic feet.

 

Shoreline said the agreement was to develop, buy, market, distribute and sell natural gas in the Victoria Island, Ikoyi, Lekki and Epe districts – areas that contain the city's business hub and some of the country's most expensive residential properties.

 

It said the agreement provided exclusive rights to distribute and sell gas in those areas.

 

"The partnership is a significant boost to the gas supply efforts of the Federal and Lagos State governments and will deliver tangible benefits to companies and households in Lagos," said Shoreline's chairperson Kola Karim.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#32
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Zimbabwe Food Security Threatened by Tobacco

 

http://www.worldpres...Africa/3984.cfm

 

 

Introduction:

 

When Mirosi Chingawo, a small farmer in the Madziwa area of Mashonaland Central, switched from farming food crops to tobacco in 2010, few people thought about the implications at the time. Now Chingawo is among the growing number of farmers in Zimbabwe growing tobacco and moving away from food staples such as maize, sorghum and millet. This threatens the country's food security.

 

"After all the labor, I am able to make ends meet," Says Chingawo. Since switching to tobacco, his annual income has mushroomed from about $800 for one harvest of maize a year to $4,500 for a single tobacco crop. "The work is tedious, but I can feed my family and pay school fees for my children," says the father of five.

 

A survey in the Madziwa area of Zimbabwe showed that many small farmers have built better houses and bought household goods, but they find themselves unable to stock their larders with enough food to last the season. "The food takes us almost halfway through the season. But it is better off because we can manage to do other things with money we get from the tobacco crop," says Nyarai Mafunga, a farmer in the same area.

 

A number of farmers in the cotton- and maize-growing areas of Zimbabwe are annually leaving their cotton and maize fields, relocating to tobacco-growing ones. The wide producer price offered by the government has been pointed to as the chief cause of the disparity in prices. "Maize and Cotton prices have not been good for us, and this is pushing us to grow tobacco," says Amos Ngwerume, who has set his eyes on tobacco farming.

 

Issues surrounding the chaotic land reform program of 2000 still dodge the country. Huge tracts of land taken during the fast track land reform still lie idle a decade after being seized from white owners. Many of the small-scale farmers resettled on the land with vandalized irrigation pumps and farm equipment, and it has proven difficult to refinance agriculture given the economic downturn the country has been under since 2000.

zimbabwe-farmer.jpg

Small farmers water their fields using pumps provided by an international aid agency in Mutoko, Zimbabwe.

(Photo: David Snyder, Dreamstime.com)


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#33
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Kenya Supreme Court Criticizes Election Board in Verdict on Polls

 

http://www.reuters.c...s-idUSKCN1BV0QB

 

Introduction:

 

NAIROBI (Reuters) - Kenya’s Supreme Court on Wednesday criticized the election board for failing to verify official results of last month’s presidential election before announcing them, but did not find any individual at the board responsible for the failings.

 

The court was offering a detailed ruling as to why it annulled the Aug. 8 election and ordered a fresh presidential vote within 60 days. The Sept. 1 decision was the first of its kind in Africa.

 

The election board had said incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta won the contest by 1.4 million votes, but opposition leader Raila Odinga challenged the result in the Supreme Court. He says the previous two elections were also stolen from him.

 

Kenya is a key Western ally in a region often shaken by violence. Its status as a diplomatic, trade and security hub for East Africa means the court’s ruling and preparation for the fresh election, now scheduled for Oct. 17, are being closely watched for signs of instability or violence.

 

On Monday, the French technology company supporting the election said it would be nearly impossible to be ready for that date.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#34
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See also post #30

 

The First Contemporary Art Museum in Africa Is Run by White Men

 

https://nonprofitqua...-run-white-men/

 

Introduction:

 

NPQ (Nonprofit Quarterly) has written about the lack of diversity on the boards of U.S. nonprofits—a problem that is getting worse, according to the latest BoardSource report. And we have also written about a persistent diversity problem at this country’s museums. But this story about the new and first contemporary art museum in South Africa shows us how absurd this problem can become.

 

In Africa, this trend intersects with a long history of colonialism.

 

Though black people were barred from entering a museum in South Africa until 1994, when Apartheid officially ended, this month—September 22nd to be exact—the Zeitz Museum of Contemporary African Art (ZMOCAA) opens in Cape Town. According to Antwaun Sargent, writing for Artsy, it is “the first public institution to be devoted solely to contemporary African art (and art of the Diaspora) on the entire, 54-country continent.”

 

The 11-story building is the result of the conversion of Cape Town’s grain silo complex, comprising 42 silos. For almost 50 years, it was the tallest building in sub-Saharan Africa and played a key role in “the movement of the country’s goods ideas, and people around the world.” From this “tight network of tubed silos” comes a post-industrial, 100,000-square-foot museum featuring “100 galleries, a rooftop garden, and six research centers dedicated to Art Education, Curatorial Excellence, Performative Practice, Photography, the Moving Image and Costume Institute.” Sargent describes it as “a truly awe-inspiring, concrete-cave-like, architectural wonder.”

 

The museum’s inaugural exhibitions feature 300 works of art across 11 shows by the leading artists in African art, mostly black and from across the continent. They include South African performance artist and photographer Gabrielle Goliath; South African sculptor, videographer, and photographer Nandipha Mntambo; Tunisian photographer Mouna Karray; Malawi-born filmmaker Samson Kambalu; Ghanaian sculptor El Anatsui; British-Nigerian sculptor Yinka Shonibare; South African photographer (visual activist) Zanele Muholi; Soweto-born photographer, performer, filmmaker, and sculptor Mohau Modisakeng; and Kenyan sculptor and painter Cyrus Kabiru.

zeitz-museum-rendering-web.jpg

Zeitz MOCAA. Architectural rendering.

 

 

An Open Letter to Jochen Zeitz and Mark Coetzee

 

https://artthrob.co....d-mark-coetzee/

 

 

My first concern is that there is still only one person who is selecting the work for the ZMOCAA and that selections are being made without broader consultation. This is problematic for several reasons. One is that it goes against all museums’ “best practice.” Museums of this nature (as opposed to private collections) have rigorous acquisitions policies and review processes. Not only do they consult with the curatorial staff, but would have an acquisitions committee, which would include academics and critics. The reason for this is that, as you well know, museums by their very nature codify and canonize. As much as museums include, they are also involved in very complicated and contentious issues around exclusion. In a country and continent whose very history is bound to notions of exclusion, the ZMOCAA will have to be extremely careful as to how it codifies and identifies “Contemporary Art Africa.” This is a task that one man can simply not do.

 

…Agnew put it this way: “When researching Zeitz, there is certainly some difficulty in ignoring the overarching amount of white male voices present in the construction of the museum.” She notes that the building was designed by Heatherwick, a white British man; founded on the collection of Zeitz, a white German man; and is being run by Coetzee, a white South African man—all in a country that is nearly 80 percent black.

 

“One is reminded,” Agnew writes in a profile of the museum, “of Sartre’s words about how the ‘white man has enjoyed the privilege of seeing without being seen for the past 3,000 years.’”

 

…The appearance of the museum being yet another white power grab in Africa is further exacerbated by the fact that the museum’s five trustees are white and the advisory board is co-chaired by David Green—the white British CEO of the V&A Waterfront, who funded a large part of the museum’s 500 million rand ($38 million) construction cost—and Jochen Zeitz himself.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#35
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HORN OF AFRICA – COMPLEX EMERGENCY

 

https://www.usaid.go..._08-31-2017.pdf

 

Extract:

 

On August 7, the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) and the UN released the Mid-Year Review of the 2017 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) for Ethiopia, identifying an estimated 8.5 million people in need of emergency food assistance through December 2017—a 9 percent increase from the 7.8 million people identified in April. The revised HRD is also targeting approximately 3.6 million children and pregnant and lactating women for prevention and treatment of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and 375,000 children for prevention and treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in 2017—significant increases from the estimated 2.7 million MAM cases and 303,000 SAM cases targeted in the initial 2017 HRD, released in January. The revised appeal outlines nearly $488 million in additional funding required to meet urgent humanitarian needs in Ethiopia from August–December 2017.

 

An estimated 3.4 million people in Kenya are food-insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance—a 31 percent increase from the estimated 2.6 million food-insecure people identified in March, according to the results of the Government of Kenya (GoK)-led long rains assessment, released in early August. The current caseload represents the highest number of food-insecure people in Kenya since 2011.

 

On August 31, USAID Administrator Mark A. Green announced nearly $91 million in new U.S. Government (USG) humanitarian assistance to support critical relief interventions in Ethiopia. The total includes nearly $19 million from USAID/OFDA to bolster humanitarian coordination and meet the health; nutrition; and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) needs of drought-affected households and nearly $72 million from USAID/FFP for emergency food and nutrition assistance. The new funding brings total USG humanitarian assistance for Ethiopia to nearly $454 million to date in FY 2017. USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (State/PRM); State/PRM funding provided for Somali refugees in Yemen is reflected in the FY 2017 USG Yemen Complex Emergency fact sheets.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#36
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Heat, Hunger and War Force Africans Onto a ‘Road on Fire’

 

https://www.nytimes....hange.html?_r=0

 

Introduction:

 

AGADEZ, Niger — The world dismisses them as economic migrants. The law treats them as criminals who show up at a nation’s borders uninvited. Prayers alone protect them on the journey across the merciless Sahara.

 

But peel back the layers of their stories and you find a complex bundle of trouble and want that prompts the men and boys of West Africa to leave home, endure beatings and bribes, board a smuggler’s pickup truck and try to make a living far, far away.

 

They do it because the rains have become so fickle, the days measurably hotter, the droughts more frequent and more fierce, making it impossible to grow enough food on their land. Some go to the cities first, only to find jobs are scarce. Some come from countries ruled by dictators, like Gambia, whose longtime ruler recently refused to accept the results of an election he lost. Others come from countries crawling with jihadists, like Mali.

 

In Agadez, a fabled gateway town of sand and hustle through which hundreds of thousands exit the Sahel on their way abroad, I met dozens of them. One was Bori Bokoum, 21, from a village in the Mopti region of Mali. Fighters for Al Qaeda clash with government forces in the area, one of many reasons making a living had become much harder than in his father’s time.

 

One bad harvest followed another, he said. Not enough rice and millet could be eked out of the soil. So, as a teenager, he ventured out to sell watches in the nearest market town for a while, then worked on a farm in neighboring Ivory Coast, saving up for this journey. Libya was his destination, then maybe across the Mediterranean Sea, to Italy

xxNIGER-WEB-slide-LYAH-jumbo.jpg

Adou Issa looking over his stunted crops in the Zinder region of Niger.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#37
Alislaws

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See also post #30

 

The First Contemporary Art Museum in Africa Is Run by White Men

 

Are they saying that the entire continent of Africa has not had a single contemporary african art museum until Sept 2017 when this one opened?

 

That seems incredibly unlikely! Is it just the first big budget one? Surely someone has converted a house into an art museum or something before this?



#38
caltrek

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^^^Questions for which I do not have answers. On another issue:

 

 

What America gets for its dollars — and its culpability — in Africa

 

 

http://www.latimes.c...1015-story.html

 

 

Introduction:

 

(Los Angeles Times) I teach and write about public health in Africa. For years, something about Uganda stumped me.

 

Since 2000, health services have improved in most African countries, but Uganda’s progress lags. Yet Uganda has a remarkable medical history. Well before colonial times, the Baganda, Uganda’s largest tribe, could distinguish plague from smallpox; Baganda traditional surgeons performed caesarean sections in the 19th century, when Europeans considered them too difficult and dangerous. During the 1950s and ’60s, Ugandans helped pioneer treatment for childhood cancers and malnutrition. When Singapore was looking to reform its health system in the 1960s, it sent a delegation to Uganda.

 

Today Uganda’s health system is a shambles, even though American taxpayers plow hundreds of millions of dollars annually into medical projects there. Bats, snakes and other wildlife have taken up residence in once-functioning rural clinics. Uganda’s children die at twice the rate of those in neighboring Rwanda and Kenya, and those who survive are among the least likely in the world to complete elementary school. The main referral hospital is so dysfunctional that women giving birth there are seven times more likely to die than when Idi Amin was Uganda’s president in the 1970s. Meanwhile, Uganda’s government spends $150 million a year flying the president and other elites out of the country when they need medical treatment.

 

It’s become clear to me that corruption, combined with the government’s callous indifference to the plight of ordinary people, explains these problems. But why are the U.S., the World Bank and other donors still pouring our tax dollars into this terrible government?

 

After seizing power in 1986, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni formed a security relationship with the U.S. that has lasted through five administrations and seems to be holding strong under President Trump. In exchange for billions of dollars in economic and military aid, as well as powerful diplomatic support, Museveni has served as our proxy warrior, sending his troops around the region to weaken or topple other governments, particularly Islamic ones.

In return for a handful of military favors, America has tolerated not only Museveni’s craven rule in Uganda, but also the chaos he has sown throughout the fragile region of eastern and central Africa.

 


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#39
caltrek

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What is happening with the Kenyan election?

 

http://www.aljazeera...7135833916.html

 

Imtroduction:

 

(Al Jazeera) On October 26, Kenya is supposed to head to the polls for the second time this year. The results of an earlier election on August 8 were nullified by Kenya's Supreme Court after allegations of widespread irregularities in the electronic transmission of vote results.

 

Since the August 8 election, Kenya has seen massive protests and bouts of violence erupt in several parts of the country. Scores of people have died since then and main opposition leader Raila Odinga withdrew from the second round of elections because of a lack of electoral reform.

 

Amnesty International and Human Rights Watchsay that at least 67 opposition supporters have been killed since August 11, when Uhuru Kenyatta was announced as the winner.

With one week until new elections are supposed to take place, the opposition has pledged more protests in the days running up to the crucial vote.

 

And in a surprise development on Wednesday, Roselyn Akombe, a senior official from the electoral commission, resigned and left the country, saying the poll lacks credibility.

b2438b818eef4717b636e26ac7fa1b8a_18.jpg

Supporters of the Kenyan opposition demonstrate in Nairobi, Kenya, on October 11

[Baz Ratner/Reuters]


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#40
caltrek

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Humanity Is Being Split into Two Groups: The Privileged and the Billions Who Face Plunder, Trauma and Suffering

 

https://www.alternet...-war-and-famine

 

Extract:

 

(Alternet) On Monday, the UN’s Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) celebrated its founding in 1945 with World Food Day. Last month, the FAO released a sobering report that has received far too little attention. In its report, The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2017, the FAO showed that global hunger has risen for the first time in a decade, with its figures showing that 815 million people around the planet suffer from hunger. That’s more than 1 in 10 people. The figure has risen by 38 million from last year. The UN’s World Food Program called this report’s findings an ‘indictment of humanity’.

 

Buried in the report is an astounding number: that 489 million of those who are chronically food insecure and malnourished live in countries affected by conflict. That means the vast bulk of those who are starving live in conflict zones. Three quarters of children who are stunted by age five, who suffer from acute malnutrition, live in these same areas, mostly West Asia, North Africa and Central Asia in a belt of dry land that has been susceptible to climate change as much as to the seemingly endless war.

 

 

Indeed, the FAO finds that the increase in hunger is ‘largely due to the proliferation of violent conflicts and climate-related shocks’….Famines in South Sudan and Yemen are a direct consequence of war, with Somalia itself experiencing famine as a result of war and drought, with six million people of its fourteen million in dire need of food. Boko Haram’s growth in northern Nigeria and around the Lake Chad basin is directly linked to the desertification of the region.

 

 

War certainly produces hunger, but hunger in turn produces war. The pressure on the world’s agriculture from climate-change is now an acknowledged fact. But this is not enough. The descent of agro-business firms, with the advantage of intellectual property rights behind them, has struck against small farmers with a vengeance. There are any number of reports that show that the crisis of hunger can only be solved by the encouragement of small farms, whose farmers are themselves victims of the hunger crisis (three quarters of the world’s hungry live in rural areas).

 


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls






Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Eritria, East Africa, Famine, Famine Relief, International Aid

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