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Nanodentistry - The Future


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#1
Time_Traveller

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The late Nobel Prize winning Physicist Richard P Feynman in 1959 proposed using machine tools to make smaller machine tools, which in turn, would be used to make still smaller machine tools, and so on, all the way down to the molecular level. Such nanomachines, nanorobots and nanodevices ultimately could be used to develop a wide range of atomically precise microscopic instrumentation and manufacturing tools. Attempts are going on at present to produce molecular computer components using molecular parts at the nanometer (10-9 meter or 1 billionth of a meter) scale.

Nanotechnology will have future medical applications leading to the emergence of nanomedicine and nanodentistry. Nanodentistry will make it possible to maintain a near perfect oral health through the use of nanomaterials, biotechnology, including tissue engineering and nanorobotics. The nanorobotic functions may be controlled by an onboard nanocomputer that executes preprogrammed instructions in response to local sensor stimuli.

Local anesthesia: In the era of nanodentistry, to induce local anaesthesia, dental professional will instill a colloidal suspension containing millions of active analgesic micrometer sized dental nanorobot particles on the patient’s gingivae. After contacting the surface of the crown or mucosa, the ambulating nanorobots reach the dentin by migrating into the gingival sulcus and passing painlessly through the lamina propria or the 1-3 micrometer thick layer of loose tissue at the cemento dentinal junction.

On reaching the dentin, the nanorobots enter dentinal tubule holes that are 1-4 micrometers in diameter and proceed toward the pulp, guided by a combination of chemical gradients, temperature differentials and even positional navigation, all under the control of the onboard nanocomputer, as directed by the dentist.

Orthodontic treatment: Orthodontic nanorobots could directly manipulate the periodontal tissues (gingiva, periodontal ligament, cementum and alveolar bone), allowing rapid and painless tooth straightening, rotating and vertical repositioning within minutes to hours.

Natural tooth maintenance: The appearance and durability of tooth may be improved by replacing upper enamel layers with covalently bonded artificial materials such as sapphire or diamond, which have 20 to 100 times the hardness and strength of natural enamel.

A subocclusal dwelling nanorobotic dentifrice delivered by mouthwash or toothpaste could patrol all supragingival and sub gingival surfaces at least once a day, metabolizing trapped organic matter into harmless and odorless vapors and performing continuous calculus debridement.

Dentirobots could identify and destroy pathogenic bacteria residing in the plaque and elsewhere, while allowing the 500 or so species of harmless oral micro flora to be maintained in a healthy ecosystem. With this kind of daily dental care available from an early age, conventional tooth decay and gingival disease will disappear.


From Healthmantra

This would be good for Dentistry and will get better throughout the years of it, What do members think?
I want to go ahead of Father Time with a scythe of my own.

H. G. Wells

#2
CamGoldenGun

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ew, it's like the world has gone back to the past, letting bugs clean our teeth (or at least the dead material in our gums and teeth).

#3
Andy

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ew, it's like the world has gone back to the past, letting bugs clean our teeth (or at least the dead material in our gums and teeth).


If they're better than us at it, there should be nothing disgusting about it. Heck, the idea of something being "disgusting" pretty much holds back science in some fields (eg: fecal transplants for gastrointestinal disorders: http://www.slate.com/id/2282768/ ; and stem cell research, gm foods, obvious stuff like that)

You ever watch Farscape? Bam: http://farscape.wikia.com/wiki/Dentic
For everyone's sake, watch this video

#4
Shimmy

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The concept of nanodentistry is very interesting but i'm not sure it will end up being the most useful thing. I have the belief that teeth themselves will become redundant before the procedure is even perfected. The only real purpose of teeth is to eat, and we are very close even now (technically, not practically) to making eating a pleasurable pastime at best. Virtual reality eating will give us all the fun and pleasure of eating cheap filthy kebabs and dangerously sugary cakes without any of the unwanted side effects (weight gain, diabetes, aids and and early death).

#5
Keitaro2011

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Hee hee! Good thing I'm going into physics because I certainly have a future in nano-technology! X3
It's apparent to me that a lot of people seem to want to prove why a technology is not possible, rather than think of ingenious ways to make something possible. It's my conviction that when someone says something is "impossible," what they really mean is "our current level of science cannot explain this, and I don’t have the motivation to explore beyond its boundaries." -Richard Obousy




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