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AI & Robotics News and Discussions

artificial intelligence machine learning deep learning robots ASIMO Singularity Boston Dynamics automation AI robotics

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#2721
Yuli Ban

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Nobody's gonna take my drone, I'm gonna fly miles far too high!
Nobody gonna beat my drone, it's gonna shoot into the sky!

#2722
caltrek

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UN panel agrees to move ahead with debate on 'killer robots'

 

https://www.msn.com/...ID=ansmsnnews11

 

Introduction:

 

(AP) GENEVA — A U.N. panel agreed Friday to move ahead with talks to define and possibly set limits on weapons that can kill without human involvement, as human rights groups said governments are moving too slowly to keep up with advances in artificial intelligence that could put computers in control one day.

 

Advocacy groups warned about the threats posed by such "killer robots" and aired a chilling video illustrating their possible uses on the sidelines of the first formal U.N. meeting of government experts on Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems this week. More than 80 countries took part.

 

Ambassador Amandeep Gill of India, who chaired the gathering, said participants plan to meet again in 2018. He said ideas discussed this week included the creation of legally binding instrument, a code of conduct, or a technology review process.

 

The Campaign to Stop Killer Robots, an umbrella group of advocacy groups, says 22 countries support a ban of the weapons and the list is growing. Human Rights Watch, one of its members, called for an agreement to regulate them by the end of 2019 — admittedly a longshot.

 

The meeting falls under the U.N.'s Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons — also known as the Inhumane Weapons Convention — a 37-year old agreement that has set limits on the use of arms and explosives like mines, blinding laser weapons and booby traps over the years.


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The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#2723
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Nobody's gonna take my drone, I'm gonna fly miles far too high!
Nobody gonna beat my drone, it's gonna shoot into the sky!

#2724
Yuli Ban

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Chinese robot becomes world's first machine to pass medical exam

A robot has passed the written test of China's national medical licensing examination, an essential entrance exam for doctors

A robot has passed the written test of China's national medical licensing examination, an essential entrance exam for doctors, making it the first robot in the world to pass such an exam.
Its developer iFlytek Co Ltd, a leading Chinese artificial intelligence company, said on Thursday that the robot scored 456 points, 96 points higher than the required marks.
The artificial-intelligence-enabled robot can automatically capture and analyze patient information and make initial diagnosis. It will be used to assist doctors to improve efficiency in future treatments, iFlytek said.
This is part of broader efforts by China to accelerate the application of AI in healthcare, consumer electronics, and other industries.


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Nobody's gonna take my drone, I'm gonna fly miles far too high!
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#2725
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Hillary Clinton on artificial intelligence

https://www.yahoo.co...-151615461.html

#2726
Sciencerocks

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Artificial muscles give soft robots superpowers
November 27, 2017

 

Soft robotics has made leaps and bounds over the last decade as researchers around the world have experimented with different materials and designs to allow once rigid, jerky machines to bend and flex in ways that mimic and can interact more naturally with living organisms. However, increased flexibility and dexterity has a trade-off of reduced strength, as softer materials are generally not as strong or resilient as inflexible ones, which limits their use.

 

 

Read more at: https://phys.org/new...powers.html#jCp


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#2727
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University of Washington wins the Amazon Alexa Prize:

https://developer.am...ral-alexa-prize

Earlier today, Rohit Prasad, vice president and head scientist, Alexa Machine Learning, and I had the pleasure of announcing the winner of the inaugural Alexa Prize competition for university students dedicated to accelerating the field of conversational artificial intelligence (AI). Congratulations to team Sounding Board, an inspiring group of students from the University of Washington, whose socialbot earned an average score of 3.17 on a 5-point scale from our panel of independent judges and achieved an average conversation duration of 10:22. As the winner of our inaugural competition, team Sounding Board earned our $500,000 first-place prize, which will be shared among the students.

We also had the privilege of honoring and surprising our other finalists on stage. Our runner up, team Alquist from Czech Technical University in Prague, attained an average score of 2.72 and had an average conversation duration of 3:55. We presented them with a $100,000 prize for their efforts. We also awarded our third-place winner, team What’s Up Bot from Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, Scotland, with a $50,000 prize. Team What’s Up Bot achieved an average score of 2.36 and had an average conversation duration of 4:01.

....

Every team involved helped us advance speech science on several dimensions, from significantly advancing the custom language model (LM) we developed for the competition, to creating numerous natural language understanding components which addressed conversational AI challenges that arise when a conversation can be on any topic, and the content of the dialog can change rapidly. Moreover, the teams made important advances related to dialog management and response generation and selection. For example, several teams created ensemble approaches to dialog modeling by employing hierarchical architectures that included a main dialog manager (DM) and multiple, smaller DMs related to specific tasks, topics or conversational contexts. For generating and selecting responses, several Alexa Prize teams developed novel hybrid approaches that combined generative models with sequence-to-sequence approaches incorporating variants. Other teams utilized a reinforcement learning approach that maximized the tradeoff between satisfying the customer immediately versus taking into account the long-term reward of selecting a particular response.



A 10+ minute conversation is pretty good! It sounds like the first-place team was significantly better than the second-place team.

Amazon is now going to continue with this prize to 2018:

The student teams in this year’s competition surprised and delighted us, but none was able to meet our Grand Challenge of maintaining a coherent and engaging conversation for 20 minutes. A $1 million research grant prize would have been awarded to the winning team’s university, if the winning team’s socialbot had met this challenge.

So today I am pleased to announce the 2018 Alexa Prize competition. Applications from university teams will open on December 4th and close on Jan 8, 2018. Last year, we received more than 100 applications from university teams across 22 countries, and we certainly hope the number of entrants will grow this year. We encourage teams from universities worldwide to check out alexaprize.com to learn more about our competition. More details will be posted on December 4th.


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#2728
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US Army testing FORTIS exoskeleton that will soldiers climb with 180 pounds of gear
brian wang | November 28, 2017 |.

 

Using independent actuators, motors and lightweight conformal structures, lithium ion battery powered FORTIS allows soldiers to carry 180 pounds up five flights of stairs while expending less energy.

There is a 2017 Youtube video of the FORTIS exoskeleon In May 2017, they were at Technology Readiness level 6 and were planning to get to Technology Readiness level 8 by the end of 2017.

FORTIS uses a three-pound, rechargeable BB-2590 lithium ion battery.

Developed by Lockheed with internal research and development funds, FORTIS is designed to help soldiers run, maneuver, carry injured comrades and perform a wide range of combat tasks while preventing hyperextension of the knee.

FORTIS is a next generation version of the HULC exoskeleton.

 

https://www.nextbigf...ds-of-gear.html


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#2729
Jakob

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Researchers Have Created an AI System That Teaches Itself New Languages

 

In Brief Two new papers offer up a novel method for neural networks to tackle translation. Rather than using supervised machine learning, these studies let the systems figure out things for themselves.
 

Click 'show' to see quotes from great luminaries.

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#2730
eacao

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US Army testing FORTIS exoskeleton that will soldiers climb with 180 pounds of gear
brian wang | November 28, 2017 |.

 

Super futuristic. It's looking more and more like the TALOS suit is going to be a real game changer in terms of protection (and risk-taking by troops), longevity in the field (carrying more supplies for extended ops) and increased squad firepower since heavier ordinance can be carried into battle. 

 

I was reading that special ops and regular infantry were looking for quite different requirements in their respective versions of the TALOS suit. Special ops were focusing on a light-weight shock & awe system which would require a few hours of operational onboard power (in the form of batteries for silent running). The army on the other hand was looking for an extended-operations variant which would be powered by an onboard motor for the majority of the time, and switch to a silent battery when in combat. That way it could have an endurance of 72 hours or more. The army was also prioritising heavier and more protective armour than their agile specops counterpart. 

 

In any case, a load-carrying exoskeleton is seen as integral to both designs. That's gonna be a real game changer. 


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#2731
caltrek

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Afghan Girls’ Robotics Team Overcomes Setbacks to Win Contest in Europe

 

https://www.nytimes....s-robotics.html

 

Introduction:

 

(New York Times) It has been a year of travel difficulties, project setbacks and family heartbreak, but a girls’ robotics team from Afghanistan has made a comeback.

 

The group of teenagers, who attracted international attention last summer when they were briefly denied visas to the United States to take part in a robotics competition, won an award at a top festival in Europe.

 

The teenagers, who hail from the western city of Herat, took the Entrepreneurial Challenge at the Robotex festival, which was held in Tallinn, Estonia, on Nov. 24 through 26, the Afghan embassies in London and Washington announced this week.

 

“We are extremely proud of the wonderful accomplishments of the Afghan All-Girl Robotics Team,” Afghanistan’s ambassador to the United Kingdom, Said T. Jawad, said in a statement on Wednesday. “They are an excellent example for people around the world of what can be accomplished by young Afghans if given the right support and the opportunity to excel in their education.”

 

Three of the team’s 12 members participated in the competition. Their challenge was to showcase a prototype that could solve a real-world problem, and that customers would want to buy. They won with a robot that could use solar energy to support small-scale farmers in their fields, the embassy in London said. The winner was chosen by the thousands of spectators who attended the event.

30xp-robotics-master768.jpg

 

Members of a girls’ robotics team from Afghanistan at a competition in Washington in July. 

 CreditJim Lo Scalzo/European Pressphoto Agency


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#2732
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NSFW.

 

 



#2733
caltrek

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Robots and Animal Shelters: A Dubious Experiment

 

https://nonprofitqua...ous-experiment/

 

Introduction:

 

(Nonprofit Quarterly) It is truly the material of heart-pounding nonprofit management nightmares. Your buildings and property have been burglarized, leading to a crunch in your ability to provide services, costly repairs, volunteers worried about their safety, and a blow to staff morale that “someone could do such a thing.” Now, imagine the break-in you just heard about occurred at an animal shelter with hundreds of cats and dogs under your care.

 

The stakes are high, but such is life in the nonprofit sector, where the budget is usually too tight, especially for extras like appropriate levels of security. The San Francisco SPCA might have found a solution that is anything but average—and a few heads may turn to see that their newest security guard is something other than human.

 

Dubbed “K9” by shelter workers and volunteers, a Knightscope K5 security robot has been deployed by the SPCA to assist two human security guards. The five-foot, 400-pound robot, at a rent of $7 an hour, collects audio and visual data. It even scans license plates in the parking lot and alerts clients if a flagged plate appears on site.

 

Technology is great…when it works. The K5 model, while it is touted as an affordable security option, has some baggage. A K5 robot knocked over a toddler and kept right on going at a Silicon Valley mall last year, and another robot reportedly drown itself by driving straight into a Washington, D.C. fountain. In April, an intoxicated Mountain View man was arrested for knocking over a K5 while it was on patrol. As a testament to its robot sense of duty, the perpetrator was identified and caught thanks to the information recorded by the robot during the attack.

 

Apparently, though, K9 is earning its keep. Krista Maloney, the SPCA’s spokesperson told Mission Local “There’s been a significant decrease in graffiti, car break-ins, and the number of encampments around their parking lot.”

knightscope.spca-web.jpg

 

From the Hoodline.com website. Image from Knightscope.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#2734
caltrek

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THE FUTURE OF AI – WHAT DO YOU THINK?

 

https://futureoflife...ligence-survey/

 

Intorduction:

 

(Future of Life Institute) Max Tegmark’s new book on artificial intelligence, Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence, explores how AI will impact life as it grows increasingly advanced, perhaps even achieving superintelligence far beyond human level in all areas. For the book, Max surveys experts’ forecasts, and explores a broad spectrum of views on what will/should happen. But it’s time to expand the conversation. If we’re going to create a future that benefits as many people as possible, we need to include as many voices as possible. And that includes yours! Below are the answers from the first 14,866 people who have taken the survey that goes along with Max’s book. To join the conversation yourself, please take the survey here.

 

How soon, and should we welcome or fear it?

 

The first big controversy, dividing even leading AI researchers, involves forecasting what will happen. When, if ever, will AI outperform humans at all intellectual tasks, and will it be a good thing?

 

Do you want superintelligence?

 

Everything we love about civilization is arguably the product of intelligence, so we can potentially do even better by amplifying human intelligence with machine intelligence. But some worry that superintelligent machines would end up controlling us and wonder whether their goals would be aligned with ours. Do you want there to be superintelligent AI, i.e., general intelligence far beyond human level?

 

What Should the Future Look Like?

 

In his book, Tegmark argues that we shouldn’t passively ask “what will happen?” as if the future is predetermined, but instead ask what we want to happen and then try to create that future.  What sort of future do you want?

 

forecast.jpg


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#2735
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#2736
rennerpetey

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ITS THE BEGINNING OF THE BEGINNING OF THE END

Google builds AI that can build other AI

 

Google has taken the first steps toward enabling machines to build their own AI models, an advance that prompted one observer to note: “Machines may end up being better coders than humans.”

 
Google unveiled its AutoML effort in May to little fanfare, mostly observers said, because few grasped the significance of the concept. In the intervening months, analyst Richard Windsor of Edison Investment Research asserts that Google researchers have made significant strides using the neural network framework to train models for specific tasks.

So far, AutoML was only programmed to build a more efficient visual recognition AI than any other before it(which it did), but it marks the beginning of an era, in which researchers will use AI to build other AI.


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Pope Francis said that atheists are still eligible to go to heaven, to return the favor, atheists said that popes are still eligible to go into a void of nothingness.


#2737
Yuli Ban

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DeepMind’s AI became a superhuman chess player in a few hours

The end-game for Google’s AI subsidiary DeepMind was never beating people at board games. It’s always been about creating something akin to a combustion engine for intelligence — a generic thinking machine that can be applied to a broad range of challenges. The company is still a long way off achieving this goal, but new research published by its scientists this week suggests they’re at least headed down the right path.
In the paper, DeepMind describes how a descendant of the AI program that first conquered the board game Go has taught itself to play a number of other games at a superhuman level. After eight hours of self-play, the program bested the AI that first beat the human world Go champion; and after four hours of training, it beat the current world champion chess-playing program, Stockfish. Then for a victory lap, it trained for just two hours and polished off one of the world’s best shogi-playing programs named Elmo (shogi being a Japanese version of chess that’s played on a bigger board).
One of the key advances here is that the new AI program, named AlphaZero, wasn’t specifically designed to play any of these games. In each case, it was given some basic rules (like how knights move in chess, and so on) but was programmed with no other strategies or tactics. It simply got better by playing itself over and over again at an accelerated pace — a method of training AI known as “reinforcement learning.”


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Nobody's gonna take my drone, I'm gonna fly miles far too high!
Nobody gonna beat my drone, it's gonna shoot into the sky!

#2738
wjfox

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industrial-robot-population-1990-2040.jp


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#2739
Alislaws

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How is an industrial robot defined? 

 

like a roomba is not an industrial robot, and a Roomba style automated lawn mower wouldn't be but, as automatic lawn mowers get bigger you eventually get to driverless combine harvesters and tractors and things, which I'd think should probably count as industrial robots?



#2740
Yuli Ban

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Industrial robot = used in an industrial setting, so something you'd see in blue collar work (resource production, refining, construction, etc.) as opposed to white collar (offices, retail, social work, etc.)


Nobody's gonna take my drone, I'm gonna fly miles far too high!
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Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: artificial intelligence, machine learning, deep learning, robots, ASIMO, Singularity, Boston Dynamics, automation, AI, robotics

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