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[July 31—August 6, 1917]: The nightmare in Flanders. Perhaps more than any other battle in world history, the Third Battle of Ypres will endure for generations as a symbol of pointless and fratricidal barbarism
[July 31st- November 10th, 1917] During the third battle of Ypres in Belgium (also known as the battle of Passchendaele), Commonwealth troops sustain some 400,000 casualties. Much of the battle is fought in appalling weather conditions and only minimal gains are made.
[August 5, 1917] General Pelletier de Worllemont and Prince Arthur of Connaught at the First Army commemoration service marking the fourth year of World War ! at Ranchicourt, Pas-de-Calais, August 5, 1917.
[August 7th, 1917] Squadron Commander E H Dunning's Sopwith Pup veering off the flight deck of HMS FURIOUS during his second and fatal attempt to land on the carrier while underway, Scapa Flow, 7 August 1917.
[August 9, 1917] "Interior of tobacco shed, Hawthorn Farm. Girls in foreground are 8, 9, and 10 years old. The 10 yr. old makes 50 cents a -day. 12 workers on this farm are 8 to 14 years old, and about 15 are over 15 years. Location: Hazardville, Connecticut"
[August 10th, 1917] Ypres: After allowing time for the ground to dry while continuing the artillery bombardment, the British launch an attack against the German positions on the Gheluvelt Plateau, but German counterattacks drive them back. They achieve only a small gain at Westhoeck.
[August 11th, 1917] Female Russian soldiers, 11 August 1917. Although originally recruited to fight alongside male troops in the Tsar's army, many brigades of women soldiers fought for the Bolshevik Revolution.
[August 12th, 1917] Chatham, England: As 10 Gothas appear to bomb the naval base at Chatham, 132 Sopwith Pups take to the air to drive them off. Heading for the Channel, the Gothas drop their bombs on Southend, killing 32 and wounding 46.
[August 14th, 1917] Manfred von Richthofen, his head still bandaged after his accident of 6 July 1917, is visited in hospital by other pilots of Jagdgeschwader 1. They are seated on a flight of steps with an aircraft propeller from a recently shot down British aircraft on the left.
[August 16th, 1917] Ypres: Delayed for two days by heavy rains, a major attack by the French and British planned for 14 August begins with an advance into the Gheluvelt Plateau. Although one of Gough's divisions manages to capture Langemarck, the attack as a whole fails.
[August 17th, 1917] one of English literature's most important and famous meetings takes place when Wilfred Owen introduces himself to Siegfried Sassoon at Craiglockhart War Hospital in Edinburgh. Owen's war poems "Anthem for Doomed Youth" and "Dulce et Decorum est" are written at this time.
[August 19th, 1917] Lenin writes an article against pro-war socialists ('defencists') and claims the Bolsheviks' task is now "to take power and to proclaim ourselves the government in the name of peace, land for the peasants, and the convocation of the Constituent Assembly"
[August 21st, 1917] Western Front: British capture enemy positions west and north-west of Lens on front of 200 yards. Verdun front, French take Cote de l'Oie, Regneville (on left bank), Samogneux and fortified trenches connecting village with Hill 344. Zeppelin raid on Yorkshire, 1 injured.
[August 22nd, 1917] Britain – LAST DAYLIGHT ATTACK ON ENGLAND: 10 (15 sent) Gotha bombers (total 3 lost) attack Margate, Ramsgate and Dover. 138 defence sorties, 2 bombers shot down by RNAS fighters, 1 by anti-aircraft fire (total casualties 39 including 16 servicemen).
[August 22nd, 1917] Western Front: heavy fighting on Ypres front; British line advanced 500 yards on 1-mile front. Also advance 0.25 mile on 2.5 mile front (objective Lens). Aeroplane raid on Dover, Ramsgate and Margate; 12 killed, 25 injured. Zeppelin destroyed by naval forces off Jutland.
A British soldier stands besides the grave of a comrade near Pilckem during the Third Battle of Ypres, 22nd August 1917.
[August 23rd, 1917] Following the detention of an African American soldier, 150 soldiers of the 24th Infantry Regiment march on Houston in what would be called the Houston Riot; four soldiers and 15 civilians die.
[August 26th, 1917] Battle of Verdun – France achieved a costly advance into German territory around Verdun at a cost of 14,000 casualties including 4,470 killed, while capturing some 11,000 German prisoners.
[August 26th, 1917] Verdun: Despite the army's problems resulting from the mutinies, Gen. Philippe Pétain launches a successful offensive along an eleven-mile front, capturing le Mort Homme, so hard won by the Germans in February 1916.
[August 27th, 1917] Washington: Responding to Pope Benedict XV's peace appeal, Wilson declares that there can be no return to the prewar status not a peace settlement as long as the current German government remains in power.
[August 27, 1917] "Regained Ground: Ground recovered near the River Meuse, near Beaumont, on August 27, 1917" and showing a chaplain and stretcher bearer exploring 'No man's land' for wounded and dead soldiers." (first published on December 16, 1917)
[September 1st, 1917] Kornilov demands that Kerensky allow him to reassign his army to Petrograd. Kerensky refuses. The German army breaks through Russian lines, a fact used in the propaganda drive around Kornilov’s preparation for a coup.
[September 2nd, 1917] Riga: The Twelfth Army has abandoned the Riga bridgehead, but General von Hutier's troops encounter strong opposition from the Russian troops and difficult terrain as they try to push ahead in the Tirul Marshes toward the Gross Jegel River.
[September 2nd, 1917] Berlin: Adm. Alfred von Tirpitz and other conservatives found the German Fatherland Party to oppose the proponents of peace and the Reichstag's Peace Resolution by supporting the policies of the High Command- i.e., Hindenburg and Ludendorff.
[September 4th, 1917] Britain: 5 of 11 Gotha bombers sent (1 lost due to anti-aircraft fire) bomb London (night September 4-5, 90 civilian casualties, Cleopatra’s Needle scarred). British think 26 raiders bombed, only 2 fighters see them.
[September 5th, 1917] Riga: The Russian Twelfth Army succeeds in escaping annihilation, retreating to Wenden. Riga falls to General von Hutier's Eighth Army, which has suffered only forty-two hundred casualties in the offensive. Russian losses are twenty-five thousand.
[September 6, 1917] The Wyoming Tribune: Enemy Navy Off for Petrograd, China is to send 15,000 men for war-will go to East front by way of Siberia in few days-U.S. Aviators to guide them, U.S. to take hand in big IWW Plots
[September 8th, 1917] Men of the 4th Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment in the trenches at Nieuport Bains, 8th September 1917. The sergeant in the foreground is watching the German line using a periscope fixed on his bayonet.
Men of the East Yorkshire Regiment crossing newly won ground at Frezenburg during the Third Battle of Ypres, 5 September 1917.
Men of the 4th Battalion, East Lancashire Regiment in the trenches at Nieuport Bains, 8th September 1917. The sergeant in the foreground is watching the German line using a periscope fixed on his bayonet.
[September 11th, 1917] Italy: Meeting in Udine with Lord Derby, Britain's minister of war, Gen. Count Luigi Cadorna promises to continue offensive operations against Austria-Hungary and elicits a commitment from Lord Derby that Great Britain will send him needed heavy artillery.
[9.15.1917] German ace Kurt Wolff was shot down and killed in his Fokker airplane during a dogfight with Royal Flying Corps Sopwith Camels north of Wervicq, Belgium. His 33 kills tied him with compatriots Otto Koennecke and Heinrich Bongartz as the 20th-highest-scoring German ace of World War One.
[September 16th, 1917] France – "The La Courtine ‘Massacre’": Loyal Russian troops (3rd Brigade) with 75mm mle 1897 battery storm La Courtine internment camp to suppress mutinous Bolshevik 1st Brigade (Globa), 200 miles south of Paris.
[September 17th 1917] The first Medal of Honor of World War I was awarded to shipfitter Patrick McGunigal of U.S. Navy armored cruiser "Huntington" after he rescued crew member H. W. Hoyt from a kite balloon that blew away in bad weather while the ship was on an escort mission in the Atlantic Ocean.
[September 18th 1917] British cargo ship "Port Kembla" struck a mine and sank in the Atlantic Ocean off Cape Farewell, Greenland with all crew were rescued. A sizable shipment of goods, including 1,200 tonnes of lead, went down with the ship. Plans to recover the metal occurring as recently as 2012.
[September 22nd, 1917] A Royal Naval Air Service Curtiss H-12 flying boat piloted by Flight Sub-Lieutenant N. Magor sinks the German submarine "UB-32" in the North Sea. It is the only confirmed instance of a British aircraft sinking a German submarine without the assistance of surface ships during World War I.
[September 24th- 25th, 1917] (overnight) Nine German Navy Zeppelins set out to attack the middle and north of England. Only "L 35" makes a deep penetration of England, dropping her bombs near Rotherham. Total damage inflicted by the raid is £2,210.
[September 25th, 1917] Battle of the Menin Road Ridge – British forces repulsed a German counterattack to secure their capture of German trenches and defense points along Menin Road Ridge in West Flanders, Belgium at a cost of 20,255 casualties.
[September 24th- 25th, 1917] (overnight) Sixteen German Gotha bombers set out to raid the United Kingdom. Thirteen reach England; five of them reach London, while the other eight bomb Dover and other targets in Kent.
[September 28th, 1917] Mesopotamia: With Baghdad secure, Gen. F.S. Maude, commander of the Mesopotamian Force, has sent troops forward on both the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. On the Euphrates they force the surrender of the Turkish garrison of over thirty-five hundred at Ar Ramadi.
[September 29th, 1917] Duan Qirui, Premier of the Republic of China, secretly negotiated a series loans with the Japanese government to help China meet its military commitments for the Allies during World War I.
[October 1, 1917] Panoramic view of the ruins of Ypres, 1st October 1917
[October 2nd, 1917] London: Government declares trade embargo on Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Holland to stop supplies getting to the Germans.
[Oct 3 1917] Silent machine guns, a new Italian invention, allow ambush of Austrian flanks - Pensacola Journal
[October 4th, 1917] Italy: By royal decree heavy criminal sanctions are proclaimed against anyone who commits or incites to commit acts of defeatism (The decree will be abolished on 19 November 1918).
[October 4th, 1917] Seen in a prison camp at Saint Jean, a German Regimental Commander (in centre) with his adjutant and staff who were captured at Poelcapelle by the 11th Division on the 4th October during the Battle of Broodseinde.
[October 5th, 1917] Men of the 8th Battalion, East Yorkshire Regiment going up to the line near Frezenberg during the Third Battle of Ypres, 5 October 1917.
[5 October,1917] After Action. "There were none of our wounded about there, but we found a wounded Fritz who had been out since the previous morning, his wound, a broken leg, had been dressed." From my grandfather's war diary, Wellington Infantry Regiment (NZEF).
[October 7, 1917] It took stretcher-bearers three days to clear the field of wounded after the attack at Gravenstafel on 4 October. "Four men would carry a stretcher the 3 miles to safety - a trip that took them about four hours."
[October 8,1917] "The day has been wet again & we have had nothing to do...Tonight reinforcements arrived for the Battalion to replace the casualties of the 4th October, 80 men came to our Company". From my grandfather's war diary, Wellington Infantry Regiment %5BNZEF%5D
[October 9th, 1917] Men of the 4th Battalion, Coldstream Guards, looking at a German howitzer (possibly 10.5 cm Feldhaubitze M.12) they captured on the outskirts of Houlthulst Forest during the Battle of Poelcappelle, 9 October 1917.
[October 11th, 1917] Exhausted stretcher bearers from the 3rd Australian Division rest in the mud and drizzle of Broodseinde Ridge, during the Third Battle of Ypres (Passchendaele), 11 October 1917.
[October 12th, 1917] WWI: First Battle of Passchendaele: Allies fail to take a German defensive position with the biggest loss of life in a single day for New Zealand, over 800 of whose men and 45 officers are killed, roughly 1 in 1000 of the nation's population at this time.
[October 14th, 1917] Australian troops: Men of the 10th Brigade who had been in the front line trenches for several days have a foot inspection at Dragon Farm.
[October 14, 1917] Heading to "Hell Fire Ridge". From my grandfather’s diary. Wellington Infantry Regiment %5BNZEF%5D: "As we were leaving - I witnessed an enemy plane come down, its tail had been shot off & it "nose dived" down. One ... occupant fell out & came down on his own spread eagle fashion."
[October 16th, 1917] Battle of Mahiwa – South African reinforcements attacked German troops from the opposing side, but the Germans regrouped to a ridge near Mahiwa to hold off the attacks.
[October 18, 1917] Newspaper report of the action which results in greatest single-day losses for New Zealand troops, near Passchendaele, October 12th. With 2,700 casualties, including about 950 dead or missing. NZ newspaper “The Evening Post” carries the news - plenty of spin, no numbers cited.
[Oct 19 1917] Proposes Great Alliance.; "United States of Europe," Headed by Germany
[October 19, 1917] “The rations that came up today were stained with blood, the transport was blown up on the way up & the officer Lieut. Stables was killed & some animals killed or wounded.” From my grandfather’s war diary. Wellington Infantry Regiment [NZEF].
[October 23, 1917] From my grandfather’s war diary, Wellington Infantry Regiment [NZEF] ‘23-10-1917, I got up this morning at 10 a.m. We have had nothing to do all day except clean ourselves up a bit.’ Image: NZ Pioneer Maori B'ttn soldiers on anti-aircraft guard. [image is not from his diary] (
[October 25, 1917] “A soldier’s lament”. ‘We are in for plenty of button & equipment brass polishing for a little while now. This afternoon we were paid & then I went down the village but found very little to spend my money on.’ From my grandfather’s war diary, Wellington Infantry Regiment [NZEF]
[October 27th, 1917] WWI: Ottoman force attacks Desert Mounted Corps units garrisoning el Buqqar ridge during the Battle of Buqqar Ridge fought in the last days of the Stalemate in Southern Palestine.
[October 28th, 1917] Assault on Passchendaele 12 October - 6 November: Most of the men (about forty only) left in the 8th Australian Battalion after the opening push of the second battle of Passchendaele on 26 October. Photograph taken as they were on their way from the trenches on 28 October.
[October 29th, 1917] Battle of Pozzuolo – Two Italian brigades staged a rearguard action against the advancing German and Austrian forces at Pozzuolo del Friuli, Italy as the Italian Second Army retreated from their disastrous defeat at the Battle of Caporetto.
[October 30, 1917] “We were supposed to do a 6 mile route march this afternoon but bad weather caused a “wash out” & we did nothing. I received 18 N.Z. letters today & a parcel of smokes from Master M. Knowles, Dalefield.’ From my grandfather’s war diary, Wellington Infantry Regiment [NZEF], Ypres.
[November 1, 1917] ‘ From my grandfather’s war diary, Wellington Infantry Regiment [NZEF]. ‘This morning I paraded with the Company again & this afternoon with the Stretcher Bearers at Battalion H’Q”ters. I went down to the Y.M. & ordered a “New Zealand at the Front” to be sent home.’
[November 3, 1917] 4098. A.E.F., France. Debarkation of Rainbow Division, St. Nazaire. Col. William Kelly, Lieut. Col. Harold Hetrick, Chaplain Bell, Captain Elihu C. Church, regimental adjutant. One Hundred and Seventeenth Engineers, November 3, 1917.
[November 4th, 1917] Italy: Prime Minister David Lloyd George and French Premier Paul Painlevé meet with Italian officials to discuss how many troops the British and French should provide. The two prime ministers also agree to seek Cadorna's dismissal.
[Nov 5, 1917] The Rapallo Conference in Rapallo, Italy was convened by the Allied powers in the wake of the severe Italian setback at Caporetto. The conference decided to form a Supreme War Council at Versailles, France to co-ordinate allied plans and actions and promised fresh aid to the Italians.
[November 5, 1917] “At 7.30 this morning our Platoon fell in & marched to a place called Alquinnes to have a bath. After having a bath we were given time off to go to the canteen & YMCA.” From my grandfather’s war diary, Wellington Infantry Regiment [NZEF], Ypres, Belgium.
[November 5th, 1917] Assault on Passchendaele 12 October - 6 November 1917: A soldier running along a corduroy track through Chateau Wood. Originally captioned 'The Way to the Front', probably posed.
[November 6, 1917] A Daily Diary of the Great War — November 6, 1917 | Library Muse
[November 6th, 1917] Battle of Tel el Khuweilfe – Australian, New Zealand and Welsh brigades secured territory around Tel el Khuweilfe in Palestine, ending the fighting.
[November 7th, 1917] Palestine. At dawn, the British attack and capture Tel es Sheria. The Turks withdraw from Gaza, leaving Allenby in control of both Gaza and Beersheba and the territory between them.
[November 7th, 1917] The "Luftstreitkräfte", the air arm of the Imperial German Army, established air squadron "Jagdstaffel 79".
[November 7th, 1917] WWI: Battle of Hareira and Sheria continues when the XX Corps and Desert Mounted Corps capture Hareira and Sheria, marking the end of the Ottoman Gaza to Beersheba line.
[November 8th, 1917] Armando Diaz replaces Luigi Cadorna as Commander-in-Chief of the Italian Army.
[November 9th- December 28th, 1917] First Battle of the Piave: the Austro-Hungarians and Germans try unsuccessfully to cross the river.
[November 9th, 1917] Palestine should be homeland for Jews, say British rulers. Balfour unveils plan for Jewish homeland.
[November 10th, 1917] Battle of Caporetto – The Italian Second Army set up a new defensive front on the Piave River that halted the advance of the Central Powers.
[November 10th, 1917] The Third Battle of Ypres (also known as Battle of Passchendaele) ends.
[November 11th, 1917] The U.S. Army established the 147th and 148th Aero Squadrons at Kelly Field, San Antonio.
[November 11th, 1917] The Royal Flying Corps established air squadron No. 108.
[November 11th- December 23rd, 1917] First Battle of Monte Grappa, Austro-Hungarian offensive halted.
[November 14th, 1917] Battle of Ayun Kara.
[November 15th, 1917] London: Government announces it will censor all "pacifist" publications.
[November 16th, 1917] Italy. As French and British troops move into positions supporting the Italians, General von Below launches an attack on the Italian positions along the Piave River that makes meager progress.
[November 17, 1917] ‘All the morning we have been strengthening the parapet of our trench & general cleaning up. Just after lunch our Coy. left the Support Line armed with shovels.’ From my grandfather’s war diary, Wellington Infantry Regiment [NZEF]
[November 18, 1917] The enemy “swept the parapet with his machine guns something marvellous” and later “attacked our Lewis Gun possie & wounded four men. At least one German was killed. They pinched our Lewis Gun too.” From my grandfather’s war diary, Wellington Infantry Regiment [NZEF]
[November 19, 1917] The Battle of Caporetto ends. The 27-day battle has caught the Italian "Corpo Aeronautico Militare" ("Military Aviation Corps") by surprise and it has lost a great deal of equipment, but it claims to have shot down 39 enemy aircraft in 70 air-to-air engagements during the battle.
[November 20th, 1917] A Mark IV (Male) tank of H Battalion ditched in a German trench while supporting the 1st Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment, one mile west of Ribecourt. Some men of the battalion are resting in the trench, 20 November 1917.
[November 22nd, 1917] Men of the the Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire & Derbyshire Regiment) salvaging German rifles near Marcoing, 22 November 1917.
[November 23rd, 1917] On the Western Front the slaughter continued unabated throughout the war. This picture of dead German troops was taken during the Battle of Cambrai at Flesquières, 23 November 1917.
[November 23, 1917] ‘The enemy was heavily shelling the road at one place with 5.9’s ...Fritz was getting some good practice as several direct hits were observed while we were waiting...’ From my grandfather’s war diary, Wellington Infantry Regiment Ypres sector, Belgium.
[November 25th, 1917] WWI: German forces defeat Portuguese army of about 1200 at Negomano on the border of modern-day Mozambique and Tanzania.
[November 26th, 1917] Trans-Jordan. After being taken prisoner and being savagely treated in Der'a while reconnoitering there disguised as an Arab- his true identity was not discovered- T.E. Lawrence managed to escape his captors. He now arrives back in Aqaba in poor physical condition.
[November 28th, 1917] WWI: The Bolsheviks offer peace terms to the Germans.
[November 28, 1917] Actress Vera Androuchevitch, wife of German composer and conductor Kurt Schindler. November 28, 1917. She would be a victim of the 1918 Flu Pandemic.
[November 28, 1917] My great grandmother's diary
[November 29th, 1917] Petrograd: Peace talks with Germany open after the Kaiser agrees to a truce.
[November 30th, 1917] Lenin's search for peace on the Russian Front is not seen in quite the same light by the paper (Daily Telegraph).
[December 1st, 1917] Washington: President Wilson protests against the Russian armistice plan.
[December 1st, 1917] Russia's Peace Plan.
[December 3,1917] ‘It has been very cold all day & I have spent the day in bed , nothing of interest to relate’. Entry from my grandfather’s war diary. Wellington Infantry Regiment [NZEF], hospitalised sick - Ypres sector, Belgium.
[December 4th, 1917] Tanks are used as a means of raising money by the Government (Daily Telegraph)
[December 6th, 1917] Peace Making: Taking advantage of the suspension of negotiations at Brest-Litovsk, Trotsky, the Soviet foreign commissar, repeats his invitation to the Allies to join the peace discussions at Brest-Litovsk.
[Dec 6th, 1917] Halifax Explosion: Two freighters collide in Halifax Harbour at Halifax, Nova Scotia and cause a huge explosion that kills at least 1,963 people, injures 9,000 and destroys part of the city (the biggest man-made explosion in recorded history until the Trinity nuclear test in 1945).
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