Hello, I would like to transform this thread in an area of knowledge... about hypothetical materials.
In this thread I will expose the hypothetical materials that I know and reasons why they might exist or not exist, obviously with the intention of debating to reach a conclusion (quasi) accurate.
If you know some hypothetical material expose it, there is nothing better than providing information and disseminating knowledge.
Surely many of you know what is the AB matter, atomic scale structures and filaments formed by protons and neutrons, and linked by the residual nuclear force, resulting in materials or fibers strong as the force that binds the nucleons.
I think it could not exist, because:
In the atomic nucleus (the binding of protons and neutrons) operates two major forces, the (attractive between nucleons) residual nuclear force and electromagnetism (repellent between protons).
The residual nuclear force is tens times stronger than electromagnetism, but its scope is very limited, while the field of electromagnetism is unlimited.
This means that when there are too many protons, the electromagnetic force is so strong that break the structure, it fissions.
Magmatter, monopolium, magnetic monopole-based matter, or dyonic matter:
The magnetic monopole-based matter is a hypothetical material formed by magnetic monopoles, dyons (magnetic monopoles with electrical charge) and/or other particles.
Could be exist?, Yes and no, I mean, their existence is currently not falsifiable, but hypothetically is well built (I incline to that may exist).
Why could not exist?
The magnetic monopoles and dyons are hypothetical particles with only one magnetic pole, ie, the particle is a aislated pole.
These particles are very massives, the currently particle acellerator are unable to make these.
Also, there is the possibility that these particles can be too massives, forming materials with event horizon (ie black holes), then it would be useless.
How could there exist?
There are several variants of magnetic monopole-based matter, all mimic the atomic nucleus and the chemical elements, but using magnetic forces instead of the electric force, this gives "magneto-chemical" links tens or even hundreds of times stronger than normal matter.
All variants have the same problem, which is the high density, dense as neutron degenerated matter.
QCD Matter (quantum cromodynamic based-materials)
QCD matter exists, a well-known example is the quark-gluon plasma, another example is the color superconductivity (which is still in the stage of theory).
These materials are based on the gluons, the strong interaction and chromatic charge, billions or even trillions of times stronger than normal matter.
The main problem, obviously, is how to make them usable, these require temperatures of trillion degrees (where even protons explode into gluon plasma) or pressures equivalent to the core of neutron stars, I will finish here.
There are more hypothetical materials, but I don't understand how these could work or simply I haven't found much information,
if you are interested I leave here links and names:
- Nuclear molecules.
- Technicolor matter.
- QCD matter fibers braided.