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The Russian Revolution

1917 1905 Russia Soviet Union CCCP USSR February October Bolsheviks Vladimir Lenin

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Yuli Ban

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[January 1st, 1918] Finland announces its independence from Russia. Meanwhile, the CPC accepts an offer of negotiation from the Ukrainian Rada. The negotiations soon fail.


[January 4th, 1918] The Finnish Declaration of Independence is recognized by Russia, Sweden, Germany and France.


[January 6, 1918] Lenin writes the Draft Decree on the Dissolution of the Constituent Assembly.


[January 7th, 1918] The First All-Ukraine Congress of Soviets declares Ukraine a Soviet Socialist Republic, still independent from Russia, and disavows the Rada. The Ukrainian Soviets, along with Russian Red Guards, would successfully defeat the Rada on January 26, 1918.


[January 9th, 1918] Russian Civil War: The counterrevolutionary Volunteer Army was established.


[January 12th, 1918] A decree issued by the Council of Peoples' Commissars of the Republic puts all Russian aircraft manufacturing companies under state control.


[January 13th, 1918] The Soviet CPC accepts Finish independence, even though the Finnish government is completely bourgeois.


[January 18th, 1918] Russian Constituent Assembly meets. The Red Guard breaks up a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on Lenin's orders.


[January 19th, 1918] Russian Constituent Assembly proclaims Russian Democratic Federative Republic, but is dissolved by Bolshevik government on same day.


[January 22nd, 1918] The Ukrainian People's Republic gains independence from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Kiev is the capital.


[January 28th, 1918] Red Army imposes people's diktat.


[January 28th, 1918] The Sovnarkom decree "On the Organization of a Worker-Peasant Red Army" on a volunteer basis is issued. Allied leaders announce that the Czechoslovak Legion in Russia has become an integral part of the French army. The Latvian National Assembly (Tautas Padome) proclaims independence.




[January 31st, 1918] Dutov's Cossacks are defeated, and Soviet power is proclaimed in Orenburg.


[February 1st, 1918] Patriarch Tikhon anathematizes the Bolsheviks.


[February 2nd, 1918] Soviet Decree on Freedom of Conscience, Church and Religious Societies. Sovnarkom proclaims the disestablishment of the Russian Orthodox Church.


[February 3rd, 1918] Soviet Decree on the Annullation of State Debts. Sovnarkom repudiates Russia's state debts.


[February 5th, 1918] Petrograd: The government proclaims the separation of the Russian Church and state.


[February 6th, 1918] Sfatul Țării declares the independence from Russia of the Moldavian People's Republic.


[February 8th, 1918] Soviet Decree on Introduction of the Western European Calendar.


[February 9th, 1918] The Central Powers sign an exclusive protectorate treaty with the Ukrainian People's Republic as part of the negotiations in Brest-Litovsk.


[February 10th, 1918] Trotsky walks out of the Brest-Litovsk negotiations, declaring a policy of "neither war nor peace": Soviet Russia will not accept the annexationist peace terms offered by the Central Powers but will not continue fighting. Red forces seize Taganrog.


[February 11th, 1918] Soviet Decree on Establishment of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Fleet.


[February 11th, 1918] General Alexey Kaledin, an early leader of the anti-Bolshevik forces in Russia, commits suicide after losing hope that the Bolsheviks could be defeated.


[February 12th, 1918] Home Fronts: In Russia, discouraged by disarray within his ranks, Kaledin resigns as ataman. He then shoots himself through the heart. He is replaced by General A. M. Nazarov.


[February 13th, 1918] (31 January): At midnight, Soviet Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar; the following day will be 14 February.


[February 14th, 1918] Russia switches from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar; the date skips from February 1 to February 14.

And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.

Yuli Ban

Yuli Ban

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[February 15th, 1918] Petrograd: Russia cuts loose from its former Entente Allies.


[February 18th, 1918] The Red Army conquered Kiev.


[February 20th, 1918] Russia. On the breakdown of peace talks, the Germans resume attacks on the Russians.


[February 21st, 1918] The Committee for the Revolutionary Defense of Petrograd is created. Sovnarkom issues an appeal, "The Socialist Fatherland is in Danger!", as German forces capture Minsk.


[February 23rd, 1918] Mass conscription to the Red Army began in Moscow and Petrograd.


[February 24th, 1918] The Red Army retreated from Estonia in the face of the German armed forces.


[February 25th, 1918] Soviet forces capture Novocherkassk. The newly elected ataman of the Don Cossacks, A. M. Nazarov, is shot by Cossack radicals. German forces capture Revel.


[March 2nd, 1918] Soviet forces abandon Kiev, which is then occupied by Austro-German units and forces of the Ukrainian Central Rada commanded by S.V. Petliura.


[March 3rd, 1918] Soviet Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, ending its participation in World War I, relinquishing Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, and Ukraine, and ceding to the Ottoman Empire all territory captured in the Russo-Turkish War.




And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.

Yuli Ban

Yuli Ban

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[March 5th, 1918] Russia: Moscow is declared the new Russian capital in replacement for Petrograd.


[March 5th, 1918] The Red Army's Northern and Western "Screens" are created. German forces land on the Åland Islands, as a first step in their intervention in the Finnish Civil War to assist the Finnish Whites.


[March 6th-8th, 1918] British and French troops land at Murmansk, at the invitation of the local soviet. The 8th (Extraordinary) Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (Bolsheviks) changes the party name to the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks): RKP(b).


[March 7th, 1918] Moscow: The Bolsheviks chage their name to the Russian Communist Party.


[March 10th-12th, 1918] The Soviet government moves from Petrograd to the new capital, Moscow. Invading Austrian and German forces occupy Odessa.


[March 13th-14th, 1918] Red forces from Novorossiisk capture Ekaterinodar, the Kuban capital and headquarters of the Kuban Cossack Host.


[March 14th, 1918] Trotsky is named People's Commissar for Military Affairs. German and White Finnish forces occupy Helsinki (Helsingfors).


[March 14th-16th, 1918] The Fourth (Extraordinary) All-Russian Congress of Soviets ratifies the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Subsequently (19 March 1918) all Left-SR commissars resign in protest from Sovnarkom.


[March 14th, 1918] Russia. German troops take control of Odessa and the part of the Russian fleet harboured there, giving Germany effective control of the Black Sea.


[March 21st, 1918] The election of officers is ended in both the Red Army and the Red Fleet.


[March 25th, 1918] The Belarusian People's Republic declares its independence from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Minsk and Hrodna are named the joint capitals.


[March 26th, 1918] The Council of the People's Commissars in Russia issues a decree "for the centralization of control, the protection of railroads and increase in their capacity." Decree on the End of Workers' Control over the Railroads


[March 26th, 1918] Moscow. The government grants the Czechoslovak Legion permission to travel across Siberia to Vladivostok, to which Masaryk is already en route. The legion will board the Trans-Siberian Railway for the journey.


[March 27th, 1918] The Don Cossack Host rises up against Soviet rule.

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And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.

Yuli Ban

Yuli Ban

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[March 31st- April 2nd, 1918] Bolshevik and Dashnak forces of the Baku Soviet emerge victorious in fighting with Muslim members of the Musavet. At least 3,500 (and perhaps as many as 12,000) Muslims are killed during the "March Days".


[April 3rd, 1918] The All-Russian Bureau of Military Commissars (Vsebiurvoenkom) is formed, attached to the Commissariat for Military Affairs.


[April 5th- 6th, 1918] 500 Japanese troops land at Vladivostok to "restore order" in the port, followed by contingents of British and U.S. forces.


[April 6th, 1918] Trotsky adds the post of Commissar for Naval Affairs to his portfolio of duties.


[April 8th, 1918] Moscow: Lenin threatens to declare war on Japan because of the landings at Vladivostock.


[April 10th- 13th, 1918] Emerging from the Kuban steppe, the Volunteer Army lays siege to Ekaterinodar before being forced to retire. General Kornilov is killed in action (13 April), and the Whites retire.


[April 10th, 1918] Soviet Decree on Consumers' Co-Operatives


[April 11th- 12th, 1918] The Cheka raids anarchist centers in Moscow, killing more than 100 people.


[April 12th, 1918] Soviet Decree on the Dismantling of Monuments Erected in Honor of the Tsars and Their Servants and on the Formulation of Projects of Monuments to the Russian Socialist Revolution


[12 April, 1918] In the Finnish Civil War The Whites and Germans (11500 soldiers) conquered Helsinki and killed the Last Red Guards (1750 soldiers). 77 Whites and Germans and 400 Red Guards died.


[April 13, 1918] Lavr Kornilov killed in action.


[April 14th, 1918] Soviet Decree on the Flag of the Russian Republic


[April 17th, 1918] Red forces capture Novocherkassk.


[April 20, 1918] Autonomous Siberian government asks for help from Allies — New York Times


[April 22nd, 1918] The Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic gains independence from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Tbilisi is the capital.


[April 24th, 1918] The Supreme Military Inspectorate of the Red Army is created.


[April 25th, 1918] The Baku Soviet proclaims a Bolshevik-Left-SR Council of People's Commissars (the Baku Commune) under Stepan Shahumian.


[April 26th, 1918] Moscow: The Soviet government establishes diplomatic relations with Germany.

And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.

Yuli Ban

Yuli Ban

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[April 26th, 1918] Russia. On orders from Moscow, guards detaining Nicholas II and the royal family at Tobolsk in Siberia move them to Yekaterinburg in the Ural Mountains.


[April 27th, 1918] Petrograd: Grand Duke Alexis Nikolaievich is named ruler of Russia by the leaders of an aristocratic counter-revolution.


[April 27th, 1918] Moscow. Russian films boast a glorious star (Vera Kholodnaya)


[April 28th- 29th, 1918] The first Czechoslovak trains reach Vladivostok. With German support, General P.P. Skoropadskii overthrows the Central Rada and is proclaimed hetman of the Ukrainian State by the All-Ukrainian Agrarian Congress.


[April 28th, 1918] Russia. The first contingent of the Czechoslovak Legion, numbering two thousand men, arrives in Vladivostok.


[April 30th, 1918] Moscow: The Soviet government reinstitutes military service.


[April 30th, 1918] The Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (ASSR) was established on the territory of the defunct Russian Turkestan.


[May 1st, 1918] Russia. The Austrians and Germans have a treaty of alliance with the separatist government of the Ukraine allowing German forces to enter the country. Already occupying Kiev, the Germans have pushed eastward and now take Taganrog on the Sea of Azov.


[May 2nd, 1918] Soviet Decree on the Nationalization of the Sugar Industry


[May 2nd, 1918] Finland: Russian Red Guards in the south of the country are driven back by Finnish and German troops.


[May 2nd, 1918] The Vladivostok Soviet proclaims its supreme authority in the port.


[May 4, 1918] Allied officials observe chaos in Russia, say there is no hope of an organized government — New York Times


[May 4th, 1918] Russia: Reported that "Nicholas Romanov and his wife" are now at Ekaterinburg.


[May 8th, 1918] Russia. German troops at Taganrog have been joined by General Denikin's Volunteer Army and another small anti-Bolshevik army. This combined force captures Rostov, which the Red Army had earlier wrenched from the Volunteer Army's control.


[May 11th, 1918] The Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus is officially established. The Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus annexes the Emirate of Chechenia.


[May 13th, 1918] Moscow: Reported that the government has ordered the trial of ex-Czar Nicholas.


[May 13th, 1918] Soviet Decree Giving the Food Commissariat Extraordinary Powers to Combat Village Bourgeoisie Who Were Concealing and Speculating on Grain Reserves. Decree on Forests


[May 14th- 15th, 1918] The last Red Finnish units surrender to Mannerheim's forces.


[May 20th, 1918] Moscow. The government orders the Czechoslovak Legion, now dispersed at various points along the Trans-Siberian Railway between the Volga River and Vladivostok, to surrender their arms. When the Czechs refuse, Trotsky orders the Red Army to forcibly disarm and detain them.


[May 23rd, 1918] The British government resolves to land further forces at Murmansk and Arkhangel'sk. Sovnarkom orders the Cheka to increase surveillance of SR and Menshevik leaders.


[May 23rd, 1918] Intervention in Russia: In Russia, Trotsky telegraphs all Siberian Soviets and orders them "to shoot" every "armed Czechoslovak" on the Trans-Siberian Railway.


[May 24th, 1918] In Russia, Order No. 385 of the Bolshevik People's Commissariat on Military and Naval Affairs creates the Main Directorate of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Air Fleet, the predecessor of the Soviet Air Forces.


[May 25th- August 2nd, 1918] The Red Army's "Ural-Volga Defensive Operation" on the Eastern Front against the Czechoslovak Legion and Komuch's People's Army occurs.


[May 26th, 1918] Russia. Refusing to capitulate to the Red Army, members of the Czechoslovak Legion capture Chelyabinsk.


[May 26th- 28th, 1918] The Transcaucasian Federation dissolves into Georgian, Armenian, and Azerbaijani republics. An SR conference in Moscow endorses the program of the Union for the Regeneration of Russia, calling for Allied intervention in Russia to restore the Eastern Front.


[May 26th, 1918] The Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic is abolished; Georgia declares its independence as the Democratic Republic of Georgia.


[May 27th, 1918] Russia. German and Austro-Hungarian troops extend their control nearly to the mouth of the Don River, capturing the Donbass coalfields north of Rostov.


[May 28th, 1918] The Armenian Congress of Eastern Armenians declares the first Republic of Armenia.


[May 28th, 1918] Armenia and Azerbaijan Democratic Republic dissolve the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic. Yerevan and Baku are the respective capitals.


[May 29, 1918] Lenin justifies his one party state, stating, "Our party stands at the head of soviet power. Decrees and measures of soviet power emanate from our party."


[May 29th- 30th, 1918] Russia. Czechoslovak Legion units capture Penza after defeating Red Army troops. Czechoslovak forces capture Penza and Syzran'.


[May 30th, 1918] Russia. Czechoslovak Legion troops capture Tomsk.


[May 29th, 1918] Soviet Decree on the Compulsory Recruitment into the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army. A universal military draft is declared in Soviet Russia.


[May 30th, 1918] Moscow. Martial law is declared.


[May 31st, 1918] Moscow. The Russian cinema is flourishing amid post-revolution chaos


[June 1st, 1918] Moscow. Dziga Vertov, working under the supervision of Lev Kuleshov, is the chief editor of "Kino-Nidelia" ("Cinema Weekly"), a filmed news periodical on various aspects of Soviet life.


[June 1st, 1918] The anti-Bolshevik West Siberian Commissariat is proclaimed at Novonikolaevsk. It sanctions the formation of the Siberian Army.


[June 7th, 1918] Russia. Omsk falls to the Czechoslovakian Legion.

And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.

Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: 1917, 1905, Russia, Soviet Union, CCCP, USSR, February, October, Bolsheviks, Vladimir Lenin

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