ANCIENT INCAN CIVILIZATION SKULL SURGERIES WERE SO ADVANCED IT TOOK OTHERS CENTURIES TO CATCH UP
BY LISA SPEAR ON 6/12/18 AT 2:46 PM
Operations in the ancient Incan world would sometimes involve scraping and drilling holes in the skull, a surgery researchers now know was so refined in ancient Peru that survival rates during the Incan empire were relatively high—about twice that of the American Civil War for similar cranial operations, according to one study.
Research published in World Neurosurgery showed that these ancient peoples had refined the act of scraping, cutting and drilling openings into craniums. It’s a technique called trepanation that was practiced around the world for thousands of years, primarily to treat head trauma, but possibly to treat headaches, seizures, mental illnesses or even to expel perceived evil spirits. The Incas seemed especially skilled at this technique.“They seemed to understand head anatomy and purposefully avoided the areas where there would be more bleeding,” said Dr. David S. Kushner in a statement. Kushner is a clinical professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.
“Physical evidence definitely shows that these ancient surgeons refined the procedure over time. Their success is truly remarkable.”