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Education News and Discussion

Education Policy College Tuition

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#1
caltrek

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I still feel so lucky that I seemed to have grown up at just the right time where a college education was both available and affordable to young folk from middle class families like myself.  That feeling of luck is matched by a profound sadness at how young people must now face a choice of crushing debt or foregoing a college education.  It pains me that even a lot of forum readers, at least readers who live in the United States, are wrestling with this problem with little or no outside financial assistance. This needs to change.  Even people of my generation need an educated work force.  Without that, our whole society faces the danger of collapse.  Ignorance is no small reason why Trump was able to get elected in the first place.

 

 


Facing Our Student Debt Burden: Can We Slay the Trillion-Dollar Leviathan?

 

https://nonprofitqua...llar-leviathan/

 

Introduction:

 

(Nonprofit Quarterly) “You can pay me now—or you can pay me later.”

 

Once, this was an advertisement for an oil filter. Today, it is an apt description for the leading cause of our nation’s mounting—$1.6 trillion and rising—student debt overhang.

 

Between 2000 and 2012, a 2015 Pew report indicates, average state spending for higher education fell nine percent (adjusted for inflation), while enrollment grew 45 percent. Did the nation experience a remarkable gain in higher education efficiency?

 

Well, not exactly. Part of the funding decline was made up for by increased federal spending, which included rising research spending (for example, National Institutes for Health grants), but also higher spending on veterans’ education benefits and Pell grants. Even so, an increase of a little over $1,000 per student in federal spending did not compensate for a $2,500 decline in spending per student by state governments.

 

What made up the difference? We all know the answer—new federally guaranteed student loans. In the early 1990s, originations (in 2014 inflation-adjusted dollars) totaled around $20 billion. By 2000, these had doubled to a little over $40 billion. By 2010, annual student loan originations exceeded $100 billion. Combined, Pew reports that local, state, and federal spending in the 2013–14 academic year totaled $157.5 billion. For $157.5 billion in taxpayer dollars, we got over $260 billion in education services delivered.

 

 


  • Casey and starspawn0 like this

The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#2
starspawn0

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And, sadly, if poor people don't go to college, they won't get the 1 to 5 IQ point "bump" per year (at least for 1 year) that is well-documented:
 
https://www.scienced...80621112004.htm
 

"Our analyses provide the strongest evidence yet that education raises intelligence test scores," says psychological scientist Stuart J. Ritchie of the University of Edinburgh. "We looked at 42 datasets using several different research designs and found that, overall, adding an extra year of schooling in this way improved people's IQ scores by between 1 and 5 points."

Research has long shown that years of education and intelligence are correlated but it has been unclear whether this is because education boosts intelligence or because individuals who start off with higher IQ scores are likely to stay in school for longer.

Many individual studies on this question have now been published, and Ritchie and coauthor Elliot Tucker-Drob of the University of Texas at Austin saw an opportunity to clarify the nature of the schooling-IQ relationship:

"We felt the time was right to do a meta-analysis, combining all the previous studies to come up with an overall result for how much education boosts intelligence," Ritchie explains.


It's still not understood how this happens. Education should mostly be about knowledge, not raw intelligence. If I remember correctly, the effect can be seen in both crystallized and fluid intelligence scores.

Does somehow being made to learn a broad set of things rewire the brain? Is it more about socializing with peers? Is it about learning how 5o be more self-possessed? Nobody seems to know how the improvement comes about.

A 5 to 10 point IQ bump can have a big effect on life outcomes, enough to pull them out of poverty -- not that poverty always implies a lower IQ (there are lots of poor and smart people); but statistics show the two are correlated.
  • Yuli Ban, caltrek and Erowind like this

#3
caltrek

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A top Trump student loan official just resigned, calling for debt forgiveness

 

https://www.vox.com/...ebt-forgiveness

 

Introduction:

 

(Vox) A senior official in charge of student loans for the Trump administration resigned Thursday, calling for sweeping student debt forgiveness and announcing his plan to seek a Senate seat in Georgia.

 

“We run through the process of putting this debt burden on somebody ... but it rides on their credit files — it rides on their back — for decades,” said A. Wayne Johnson in an interview with the Wall Street Journal’s Josh Mitchell, who first reported Johnson’s resignation.

 

Johnson, who managed the federal government’s $1.5 trillion student loan portfolio as chief operating officer of Federal Student Aid, told the Journal that he wanted near-total forgiveness of student loans, citing data that suggests they will never be repaid and his firsthand experience with the “fundamentally broken” system.

 

Johnson called for forgiveness for student loan balances up to $50,000, which would erase debt for 37 million people, according to the Journal. Rather than making loans in the future, he said, the federal government should give students a $50,000 voucher to use for college or graduate school — a far more generous financial aid program than currently exists.

 

The movement to forgive student loan repayment is gaining traction. A Politico poll found that 56 percent of registered voters support a plan to eliminate student loan debt owed to lenders and the federal government. Advocates point to the burden it places on those trying to make payments and the boon to the economy that debt-free educated workers pose.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#4
caltrek

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How Charter-School Billionaires Corrupt School Leadership

 

https://ourfuture.or...hool-leadership

 

Introduction:

 

(Our Future) It’s rare when goings-on in Kansas City, Missouri schools make national headlines, but in 2011 the New York Times reported on the sudden departure of the district’s superintendent John Covington, who resigned unexpectedly with only a 30-day notice.

 

Covington, who had promised to “transform” the long-troubled district, “looked like a silver bullet” for all the district’s woes, according to the Los Angeles Times. He had, in a little more than two years, quickly set about remaking the district’s administrative staff, closing nearly half the schools, revamping curriculum, and firing teachers while hiring Teach for America recruits.

 

The story of Covington’s sudden departure caught the attention of coastal papers no doubt because it perpetuated a common media narrative about hard-charging school leaders becoming victims of school districts’ supposed resistance to change and the notoriously short tenures of superintendents.

 

Although there may be some truth to that narrative, the main reason Covington left Kansas City was not because he was pushed out by job stress or an obstinate resistance. He left because a rich man offered him a job.

 

Following the reporting by the New York Times and the Los Angeles Times about Covington’s unexpected resignation, news emerged from the Kansas City Star that days after he resigned, he took a position as the first chancellor of the Education Achievement Authority of Michigan, a new state agency that, according to Michigan Radio, sought “radical” leadership to oversee low-performing schools in Detroit.

westport1-1024x675.jpg


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#5
Jessica

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DeVos admits latest nationwide education scores are so bad they're 'devastating'

Source: raw story


Published 5 mins ago on October 30, 2019

By David Badash, The New Civil Rights Movement




Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos has just admitted that under her leadership nationwide education test scores have dropped so far they are “devastating.” Her plan: more of what she’s been doing for nearly three years.
............................................

“Fourth- and eighth-grade average scores on the ‘Nation’s Report Card,‘ released today, declined since the 2017 assessment, except for an increase in mathematics for fourth graders,” Politico reports, in an article titled, “Test scores slump in ‘Nation’s Report Card.’”



...................


DeVos’ plan is to privatize as much of the education system and infrastructure as possible. Her “solution” to “devastating” education test scores is more vouchers, more charter schools, more federal, state, and local taxes being shoveled into the hands of her friends who run those programs.

She calls it “education freedom,” and claims it is “the only way to bring about the change our country desperately needs....................


“Two out of three of our nation’s children aren’t proficient readers,” DeVos admits. “In fact, fourth grade reading declined in 17 states and eighth grade reading declined in 31. The gap between the highest and lowest performing students is widening, despite $1 trillion in Federal spending over 40 years designated specifically to help close it.”........................................

 


Read more: https://www.rawstory...re-devastating/






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