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How far are we from a universal basic income being the norm?


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#21
caltrek

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Some folks have objected to the idea of UBI because it might result in an unwanted dependency on government that is entirely too much under the control of government.

 

Others have objected that UBI will kill the urge to be creative in addressing societal problems and foster an unwanted laziness.

 

Fostering of community volunteer work can help address both concerns.

 

I recently came upon this notice in the Federal Register.  Because the announcement is a public document, I presented it in full as copyright restrictions and concerns do not apply. I present it here at this time because I think this agency seeks to address both concerns.  Note that the agency was created early in the Clinton administration (1993) and apparently still receives funding to this day.

 

AGENCY:

 

Corporation for National and Community Service.

 

ACTION:

Notice of availability.

 

SUMMARY:

 

Pursuant to Executive Order 13891 and OMB Memorandum M-20-02, the Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS) is notifying the public of the February 28, 2020 launch of a single, searchable, indexed database containing all CNCS guidance documents currently in effect.

 

DATES:

February 28, 2020.

ADDRESSES:

 

www.nationalservice.com/​guidance.

 

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Amy Borgstrom, Associate Director of Policy, aborgstrom@cns.gov, (202) 606-6930.

Start Printed Page 12271

 

 

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Section 3 of Executive Order 13891 requires federal agencies to “establish or maintain on its website a single, searchable, indexed database that contains or links to all guidance documents in effect from such agency or component.” Executive Order 13891, 84 FR 55,235 (October 9, 2019).

 

Question 1 of OMB Memorandum M-20-02 further requires agencies to “send to the Federal Register a notice announcing the existence of the new guidance portal and explaining that all guidance documents remaining in effect are contained on the new guidance portal.” OMB Memorandum M-20-02 (October 31, 2019).

 

In compliance with the above, CNCS gives notice of the availability of a single, searchable, indexed database containing all CNCS guidance documents currently in effect, which may be accessed at www.nationalservice.gov/​guidance on or after February 28, 2020.

 

(Authority: E.O. 13891, 84 FR 55,235; OMB Memorandum M-20-02)

 

Dated: February 24, 2020.

 

Amy Borgstrom,

Associate Director of Policy.

[FR Doc. 2020-04226 Filed 2-28-20; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6050-28-P

 

 

Here is the link to the relevant Federal Register notice:

 

https://www.federalr...document-portal


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#22
caltrek

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Congress Is Gearing up to Give Corporations a Ton of Bailout Cash. Progressives Hope They Learned Lessons from the Last Time.

 

https://www.motherjo...ut-coronavirus/

 

Introduction:

(Mother Jones) The progressive economists, experts, and activists I spoke with are skeptical of the one-time payments of $1,000 or more that the White House and lawmakers of both parties have proposed. AFA’s Nelson argues that the practice would increase inequity between salaried and hourly wage people, and that it would be better to maintain the income people already receive. “When people have jobs, that also gives them health care,” she adds, “and the government then reduces the number of people it would otherwise have to care for in another way.”

 

So they argue that money should be funneled to industries—but it should go directly to help workers whose incomes are now in jeopardy. CAP’s Green says there are some decent takeaways from the 2008 bailout of the American automotive industry, which included provisions that strengthened union protections. He adds that there should be strict limits on “golden parachutes”—the cushy packages given to corporate executives in the case of company mergers or takeovers—and executive bonuses. Fischer says it’s also the time to make those structural changes the pandemic has revealed. At a House Democratic caucus meeting last week, her colleagues Jason Furman and Claudia Sahm* presented lawmakers with a series of recession-ready “automatic stabilizer” reforms that would inject money into the economy in a downturn and withdraw it once it stabilizes.

 

There’s no guarantee that anything too bold will make its way to the president’s desk, however. Bills to spend money must originate in the House, where the ruling Democratic Party has shown little appetite to repeat mistakes from 2008. A spokesperson for House Speaker Nancy Pelosi told Politico that “protecting workers’ paychecks and benefits” has been her top priority in negotiations she’s had with Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin. At the same time, the desire to make grand structural changes beyond the scope of emergency relief money seems limited to the House’s most progressive members, who do not have powerful leadership positions, where many of these decisions are being made. And, of course, anything would also have to pass the GOP-held Senate and get the White House’s approval.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#23
kjaggard

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#24
caltrek

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Poll Shows Even Republican Voters Support $2,000 a Month Payments During Coronavirus Crisis

 

https://www.commondr...rus-crisis-poll

 

Extract:

(Common Dreams) A majority of Americans—including over half of Republican respondents—support a monthly $2,000 universal basic income check to help defray the effects of the ongoing coronavirus outbreak on the U.S. economy, according to new polling from Data for Progress and the Justice Collaborative Institute.

 

According to The Appeal reporting on the results:

 [...]

Imposing a wealth tax (42%) was supported the most from the public, followed by adding to the deficit (35%) and then by using new currency (24%). Republicans preferred adding the deficit the most (42%) and Democrats preferred the wealth tax the most (50%)….

 

Rep. Rashida Tlaib…introduced with Rep. Pramila Jayapal (D-Wash.) the Automatic BOOST to Communities (ABC) Act on Thursday. 

 

The bill would provide "a $2,000 payment using BOOST debit cards to every person in America as critical relief during the COVID-19 crisis, followed by $1,000 recurring monthly payments for one year after the end of the crisis to help our country and families recover."

 

"The ABC Act provides immediate relief to those in need—regardless of their immigration status—and ensures that relief lasts the duration of the pandemic," Jayapal said in a statement. "We're in an unprecedented public health and economic crisis and the American people desperately need Congress to take this bold action."


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#25
Zeitgeist123

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I was so sad to know that Finland UBI experiment failed.


“Philosophy is a pretty toy if one indulges in it with moderation at the right time of life. But if one pursues it further than one should, it is absolute ruin." - Callicles to Socrates


#26
caltrek

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Pandemic speeds largest test yet of universal basic income

 

https://www.nature.c...586-020-01993-3

 

Introduction:

(Nature) Spain’s government has started what might just be remembered as the world’s biggest economics experiment. On 15 June, spurred by the coronavirus crisis and its economic fallout, it launched a website offering monthly payments of up to €1,015 (US$1,145) to the nation’s poorest families.

 

The programme, which will support 850,000 households, is the largest test yet of an idea called universal basic income (UBI) — in which people are given a cash payment each month to spend however they choose. It has been oft-discussed but never satisfactorily tested, and economists around the world are watching closely to see what the impact of the scheme on livelihoods will be.

 

The move comes at a time of unprecedented economic turmoil brought on by the coronavirus pandemic. Spain was one of the hardest-hit countries in the early days of the pandemic. The nationwide lockdown curbed the spread of the virus, but came at a staggering financial price. Millions of people lost their jobs as the economy shrank rapidly, putting many of the most vulnerable citizens at risk.

 

 

Extract::

Standing points to the flop of a Finnish trial as evidence. The project, which paid 2,000 unemployed Finns €560 per month, ran throughout 2017 and 2018 before being cancelled because the results suggested that participants were no more likely to find jobs than the control group, who received the usual government unemployment support. But the trial enrolled only 2,000 people, and participants had to take cuts to other forms of government support, both of which made it hard to measure the programme’s impact.

 

I was so sad to know that Finland UBI experiment failed.

 

I think the Finnish experiment failed because they were using the wrong metric and introduced the system for the wrong reason.  Traditionally, welfare has been opposed (at least in the United States) because it undermined the discipline necessary to force people to work in low paying alienating jobs. It is not surprising to me that given an alternative to low wage alienating jobs, people would feel comfortable with the idea of not obtaining employment. Why not just spend time with the family and make due with the income you have?

 

The metric should be something along the lines of did people spend their money on logical things?

 

Were they happier?

 

Did they feel more secure?

 

Like socialism, UBI can only work if a society has achieved a certain level of wealth.  If that level of wealth has been achieved and can be sustained, despite introduction of a UBI, then a UBI can work.  Moreover, it might actually be needed to sustain aggregate demand in the face of a massive increase in unemployment.

 

At least, that is my two cents perspective on the matter.


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#27
Erowind

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Seconding Caltrek on the bad parameters for the Finnish experiment. It wasn't a UBI, the metric under study was whether the basic income would improve the labour market and income for participants--which really isn't the point a la automation and fundamental guarantees of quality of life--and the sum was a paltry 560 euro which is not enough to live off of to begin with.

 

Some information not all of which I agree with.

https://www.helsinki...come-experiment



#28
Guyverman1990

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The early 20th century, up until WWI was marked by a movement for women's suffrage, so maybe in the wake of this pandemic, capitalism as we know it will take a blow, so maybe there will be a push for UBI for the foreseeable future.






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