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History of Astronomy & Space Exploration

Timeline of the Moon

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#1
Time_Traveller

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I have decided to put my own small timeline of the history of the moon.

The moon, Earth's closest celestial neighbor, has been an object of wonder and mystery since time immemorial.
Scientific missions over the centuries have peeled away layers of that mystery, but the moon continues to harbor many secrets. NASA's latest foray into lunar exploration is the Grail mission, a two-spacecraft expedition set to launch Thursday (Sept. 8) to map the moon's gravity in unprecedented detail.
This timeline of humanity's exploration of the moon, provided by NASA, is not by any means comprehensive, but highlights some of the major milestones dating back four centuries:

1609: Hans Lippershey invented the telescope.Posted Image
1610: Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei made the first telescopic observation of the moon.
1610: Thomas Harriot and Galileo Galilei drew the first telescopic representation of the moon.
1645: Michael Florent van Langren made the first map of the moon.
1647: Johannes Hevelius published the first treatise devoted to the moon.
1651: Giovanni Battista Riccioli named craters after philosophers and astronomers.
1753: Roger Joseph Boscovich proved the moon has no atmosphere.
1824: Franz von Gruithuisen thought craters were formed by meteor strikes.
1920: Robert Goddard suggested sending rockets to the moon.
1959: Soviet spacecraft Luna 2 reached the moon, impacting near the crater Autolycus.
1961: President John F. Kennedy proposed a manned lunar program.Posted Image
1964: NASA's Ranger 7 produced the first close-up TV pictures of the lunar surface.
1966: Soviet spacecraft Luna 9 made the first soft landing on the moon.
1967: NASA's Lunar Orbiter missions completed photographic mapping of the moon.
1968: NASA's Apollo 8 made the first manned flight to the moon, circling it 10 times before returning to Earth.
1969: Apollo 11 mission made the first landing on the moon and returned samples.
1969: (Nov.) Apollo 12 made first precision landing on the the moon.
1972: Apollo 17 made the last manned landing of the Apollo Program.
1976: Soviet Luna 24 returned the last sample to be returned from the moon (to date).
1990: NASA's Galileo spacecraft obtained multispectral images of the western limb and part of the far side of the moon.
1994: NASA's Clementine mission conducted multispectral mapping of the moon.
1998: NASA's Lunar Prospector mission launched.
2007: Japanese SELENE (Kaguya) spacecraft launched.
2007: Chinese Chang'e 1 lunar orbiter launched. Posted Image
2008: Indian Chandrayaan 1 moon orbiter launched.
2009: NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter launched
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“One, remember to look up at the stars and not down at your feet. Two, never give up work. Work gives you meaning and purpose and life is empty without it. Three, if you are lucky enough to find love, remember it is there and don't throw it away.”

 

Stephen Hawking


#2
wjfox

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Just an interesting graph I found. http://en.wikipedia....al_launch_rates

#3
Time_Traveller

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Never knew that the Nazi (Germany) ever did spaceflight in 1944.

“One, remember to look up at the stars and not down at your feet. Two, never give up work. Work gives you meaning and purpose and life is empty without it. Three, if you are lucky enough to find love, remember it is there and don't throw it away.”

 

Stephen Hawking


#4
Craven

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Well those were not orbital launches, only suborbital. So Sputnik in 1957 was the first one.
"I walk alone and do no evil, having only a few wishes, just like an elephant in the forest."

"Laugh, and the world laughs with you. Weep, and you weep alone."

#5
wjfox

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Rare amateur video captures Challenger tragedy up close

A rare amateur video of the Challenger shuttle disaster has surfaced in Hicksville, New York, over 25 years after the tragic event when seven astronauts lost their lives.

Captured by registered nurse Bob Karman, the chilling raw footage was filmed from Orlando airport, just 80 kilometres from the launch site, as he was returning from a family vacation at Disney World. His late wife and 3-year-old daughter Kim, who now works at New Scientist, are visible in the beginning of the clip. "After shooting the video, I had a sense that something went wrong but it wasn't until we were on the plane that the pilot confirmed the tragedy," he says.

http://www.newscient...discovered.html




#6
Yuli Ban

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Mice, Flies, Cats, Dogs and Monkeys: The History of Animals in Space

The first animals in outer space were fruit flies launched in a captured Nazi V-2 rocket on Feb. 20, 1947. The flies reached an altitude of 68 miles (108 km) and were recovered alive by parachute. Albert II became the first monkey in space on June 4, 1949

bRloOfZ.jpg


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.





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