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World War I Thread

World War I 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 Russian Revolution world war war Spanish Flu

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#161
Yuli Ban

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World War I is over, but the horrors of the 20th century have only just begun.


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And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#162
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Fun fact: they say things come in threes, so World War 3 is inevitable. And while that's possibly true, it's woefully overlooking one basic fact: World War 2 was the third act. 

Act 1 wasn't World War 1. Act 1 was the Franco-Prussian War. That's what began the whole series of events that finally wrapped up on September 2nd, 1945. If World War 3 ever occurs, it'll be part of a new arc.


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And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#163
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I consider the first arc of our world war 3 was the war on terror. The very idea of it was strange; a war on a type of strategy used in assymetric warfare, and I think most of all it highlighted the west's inability to properly handle information flow, or at least the growing limits of free speech in the information age. This would later show itself to be exploited by Russia in the US elections, and growingly in the EU, by blowing on the fire of nationalism through sharing news of inconsequential effect but great reactionary potential, or making up news of consequential effects like statistics, with great reactionary potential.

The rise of Russia and China also began during this time, taking lessons of American failure and American success. If these two countries don't fall to domestic stresses, then the world will become a much more strange place.
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Outlook's secret song of the ~week: https://youtu.be/DGe_Sluth3A


#164
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/\ And in the long term countries like Nigeria and India will start to come fully online too only adding to the pool of world powers. Although, I have doubts India specifically can actually survive climate change and the coming energy crisis.

#165
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Armistice - But Peace? I THE GREAT WAR Week 225


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#166
caltrek

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Marie Curie and her X-ray vehicles’ contribution to World War I battlefield medicine

 

https://theconversat...-medicine-83941

 

Introduction:

 

(The Conversation) Ask people to name the most famous historical woman of science and their answer will likely be: Madame Marie Curie. Push further and ask what she did, and they might say it was something related to radioactivity. (She actually discovered the radioisotopes radium and polonium.) Some might also know that she was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. (She actually won two.)

 

But few will know she was also a major hero of World War I. In fact, a visitor to her Paris laboratory 100 years ago would not have found either her or her radium on the premises. Her radium was in hiding and she was at war.

 

For Curie, the war started in early 1914, as German troops headed toward her hometown of Paris. She knew her scientific research needed to be put on hold. So she gathered her entire stock of radium, put it in a lead-lined container, transported it by train to Bordeaux – 375 miles away from Paris – and left it in a safety deposit box at a local bank. She then returned to Paris, confident that she would reclaim her radium after France had won the war.

 

With the subject of her life’s work hidden far away, she now needed something else to do. Rather than flee the turmoil, she decided to join in the fight. But just how could a middle-aged woman do that? She decided to redirect her scientific skills toward the war effort; not to make weapons, but to save lives.

 

X-rays enlisted in the war effort

 

…at the start of the war, X-ray machines were still found only in city hospitals, far from the battlefields where wounded troops were being treated. Curie’s solution was to invent the first “radiological car” – a vehicle containing an X-ray machine and photographic darkroom equipment – which could be driven right up to the battlefield where army surgeons could use X-rays to guide their surgeries.

 

 

 

file-20171006-25775-dltyvr.jpg?ixlib=rb-

 

 

Medics at a French WWI field hospital locating a bullet with X-ray machine.

 Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division


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The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#167
caltrek

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[April 6th, 1917] The USA declares war on Germany. Gen. John Pershing, recalled from the pursuit of "Pancho" Villa in Mexico, leads the American Expeditionary Force. 
 
[April 6, 1917] WAR ─ New York Times

 

 

As the US entered World War I, American soldiers depended on foreign weapons technology

 

https://theconversat...echnology-75034

 

Introduction:

 

(The Conversation)  On April 6, 1917, the United States declared war against Germany and entered World War I. Since August 1914, the war between the Central and Entente Powers had devolved into a bloody stalemate, particularly on the Western Front. That was where the U.S. would enter the engagement.

 

How prepared was the country’s military to enter a modern conflict? The war was dominated by industrially made lethal technology, like no war had been before. That meant more death on European battlefields, making U.S. soldiers badly needed in the trenches. But America’s longstanding tradition of isolationism meant that in 1917 U.S. forces needed a lot of support from overseas allies to fight effectively.

 

In Europe, American combat troops would encounter new weapons systems, including sophisticated machine guns and the newly invented tank, both used widely during World War I. American forces had to learn to fight with these new technologies, even as they brought millions of men to bolster the decimated British and French armies.

 

Engaging with small arms

 

In certain areas of military technology, the United States was well-prepared. The basic infantrymen of the U.S. Army and Marine Corps were equipped with the Model 1903 Springfield rifle. Developed after American experience against German-made Mausers in the Spanish American War, it was an excellent firearm, equal or superior to any rifle in the world at the time.

 

The Springfield offered greater range and killing power than the U.S. Army’s older 30-40 Krag. It was also produced in such numbers that it was one of the few weapons the U.S. military could deploy with to Europe.

 

image-20170328-3812-nhtsds.gif?ixlib=rb-

American troops drive French Renault FT tanks to the battle line in the Forest of Argonne, France, September 26, 1918. 

U.S. National Archives and Records Administration


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#168
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World War I is over, but the horrors of the 20th century have only just begun.

 

 

While I think you meant this in regards to such things as future geopolitical events, it also applies to psychological trauma as well.

 

From shell-shock to PTSD, a century of invisible war trauma

 

https://theconversat...ar-trauma-74911

 

Introduction:

 

(The Conversation) In the wake of World War I, some veterans returned wounded, but not with obvious physical injuries. Instead, their symptoms were similar to those that had previously been associated with hysterical women – most commonly amnesia, or some kind of paralysis or inability to communicate with no clear physical cause.

 

English physician Charles Myers, who wrote the first paper on “shell-shock” in 1915, theorized that these symptoms actually did stem from a physical injury. He posited that repetitive exposure to concussive blasts caused brain trauma that resulted in this strange grouping of symptoms. But once put to the test, his hypothesis didn’t hold up. There were plenty of veterans who had not been exposed to the concussive blasts of trench warfare, for example, who were still experiencing the symptoms of shell-shock. (And certainly not all veterans who had seen this kind of battle returned with symptoms.)

 

We now know that what these combat veterans were facing was likely what today we call post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. We are now better able to recognize it, and treatments have certainly advanced, but we still don’t have a full understanding of just what PTSD is.

 

 

image-20170402-27259-1c361ss.jpg?ixlib=r

Electric treatments were prescribed in psychoneurotic cases post-WWI. 

Otis Historical Archives National Museum of Health and MedicineCC BY


The principles of justice define an appropriate path between dogmatism and intolerance on the one side, and a reductionism which regards religion and morality as mere preferences on the other.   - John Rawls


#169
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I might continue this right up to the Treaty of Versailles.

 

[November 11, 1918] A soldier's diary entry on the day the war ended.

 

qqhnxs9flqx11.jpg

 

[November 11, 1918] Members of the German high command fly a white flag from their staff car as they exit General Headquarters at Spa, Belgium for the last time.‬

 

[November 11, 1918] In the French Quarter of New Orleans, Louisiana, celebrations erupt; due to a French heritage, Louisiana saw one of the highest rates of enlistment per capita during the war.‬

 

[November 11, 1918] My great grandmother's diary

 

‪[November 11, 1918] Even in the world’s most-remote corners, celebrations occur: here, natives of the Pribiloff Islands in the North Pacific (above the Arctic Circle) give a 21-gun salute.‬

 

[November 12th, 1918] London: Parliament votes for war loan of £700 million; the UK now has war debts of £7,100 million.

 

[November 12th, 1918] Le Petit Parisien front page - "The Day of Glory: the act of surrender signed yesterday by the enemy puts an end to the war"

 

[November 12th, 1918] "Revolution Grows As Socialists United On German Regime. Koenigsberg, Frankfort and Strassburg Held by Soviets; Bourgeois Barred From Rule. Disorders Are Infrequent; "Spirit Of Liberty" Reigns" The Evening Star (Washington)

 

[November 12 1918] In New Orleans a quick-thinking Army lieutenant keeps Frank Hayden, an African-American laborer, from becoming the victim of a lynch mob for the crime of running into a pair of white sailors

 

[November 12th, 1918] Charles I, emperor of Austria since 1916, renounces any role in the future government of Austria and of Hungary. Austria declares itself a republic. After some six-and-a-half centuries, the political power of the Habsburg dynasty in Central Europe is ended.

 

[Nov 12 1918] 250k men and women began a general strike across Switzerland demanding women's suffrage, pensions and a 48-hour week. 95k troops were brought in to break the strike. Women only got the right to vote in 1971

 

[November 13th, 1918] Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden, relinquishes all governing duties.

 

[November 13th, 1918] The Allied Occupation of Constantinople begins.

 

[November 13, 1918] The British enter Constantinople. It’s the first time a non-Muslim Army has been in the city since 1453.

xDGTtHI.jpg

 

[November 13th, 1918] In Russia the Bolsheviks annul the treaty of Brest-Litovsk.

 

[November 13, 1918] civilians tearing down the statue of the Kaiser in Strasbourg

 

[November 14th, 1918] The provisional government of Baden proclaims the "Freie Volksrepublik Baden" ("Free Peoples' Republic of Baden").

643hifr.jpg

 

[November 14th, 1918] Prague. Tomas Masaryk is elected the first president of Czechoslovakia.

 

[November 14th, 1918] On 14 November, Josef Pilsudski is elected president of the newly declared republic of Poland. The republic was founded following the Allied victory and the collapse of the Habsburg empire. Pilsudski has been granted full dictatorial powers.

 

[November 14th, 1918] 3 days after the armistice, fighting ends in the East African theater when General von Lettow-Vorbeck agrees a cease-fire on hearing of Germany's surrender.

 

[November 14, 1918] Luxembourg girls, relieved from four years’ occupation, greet incoming American soldiers

 

[November 15th, 1918] first released British prisoners of war reach Calais.

 

[November 15th, 1918] Brazil. President-elect Rodrigues Alves, suffering from influenza, is unable to take office on the scheduled date, and is replaced by Vice President Delfim Moreira.

 

[November 15th, 1918] Marshal Ferdinand Foch, the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces, leaving British Advanced GHQ at Iwuy, 15 November 1918. Field Marshal Douglas Haig, the C-in-C of the British Army, is seeing him off.

 

[November 16th, 1918] The Irish question could well be rearing its head once more now the fighting is over, if a speech by Sir Edward Carson is anything to go by (Daily Telegraph)

 

[November 16th, 1918] The Hungarian Democratic Republic is declared, marking Hungary's independence from Austria.

 

[November 17th, 1918] Russia. A convoy of twenty ships, led by one of the ships that had evacuated General Dunsterville's men from Baku, sails into Baku harbor bearing British troops and officers and Colonel Bicherakov and his Cossacks. They have come to take possession of Baku from the defeated Turks.

 

[November 17th- 18th, 1918] A coup at Omsk unseats the Ufa Directory and names Admiral A.V. Kolchak as "Supreme Ruler and Commander-in-Chief of all Russian Land and Sea Forces."

 

[November 17th, 1918] US: Report says deaths from influenza exceed US war dead of 53,000.

 

[November 18th, 1918] New Zealand. Influenza is "hastily" gazetted as a notifiable disease.

 

[November 18th, 1918] The Republic of Latvia gains independence from the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. Riga is the capital.

 

[November 18 1918] Textile weavers in five cities across Brazil walked off the job and were soon followed by metal and construction workers in what quickly became a general strike, leading to serious clashes with government troops

 

[November 19th, 1918] Westminster. The government says that total British war casualties were three million, including 767,000 dead.

 

[November 19th, 1918] Hitler discharged from hospital at Pasewalk.


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And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#170
Erowind

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I might continue this right up to the Treaty of Versailles.

 

 

Please do! 



#171
Yuli Ban

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How Peter Jackson Made WWI Footage Seem Astonishingly New

As the director of elaborate fantasy epics like the “Lord of the Rings” and “Hobbit” trilogies, Peter Jackson has become known for meticulous attention to detail. Now he has put the same amount of care into making a documentary.
With “They Shall Not Grow Old,” Jackson has applied new technology to century-old World War I footage to create a vivid, you-are-there feeling that puts real faces front and center and allows us to hear their stories in their own words.
The documentary, which will screen nationwide Dec. 17 and Dec. 27,concentrates on the experiences of British soldiers as revealed in footage from the archives of the Imperial War Museum. Jackson and his team have digitally restored the footage, adjusted its frame rate, colorized it and converted it to 3-D. They chose not to add a host or title cards. Instead, veterans of the war “narrate” — that is, the filmmakers culled their commentary from hundreds of hours of BBC interviews recorded in the 1960s and ’70s.
The result is a transformation that is nothing less than visually astonishing.


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And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#172
Yuli Ban

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[November 20th, 1918] Spanish flu takes its toll of Britons. Preparing to disinfect London's buses in the Spanish flu epidemic which has killed thousands- even returning troops.

 

[November 21st, 1918] Britain. The German High Seas fleet surrenders to the British.

 

[November 22nd, 1918] The Spartacist League founds the German Communist Party.

 

[November 22nd, 1918] Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden, abdicates; the Grand Duchy of Baden gives way to the Republic of Baden.

 

[November 22nd, 1918] German car, flying A white flag, leaving the former German GHQ at Spa, now the headquarters of the International Armistice Commission, 22 November 1918. Note the German sentry.

 

[November 23rd, 1918] British military government of Palestine begins.

 

[November 25th, 1918] London: Parliament is dissolved prior to General Election, after lifting many war restrictions.

 

[November 27th, 1918] Germany: More than 1,500,000 Allied prisoners have been released.

 

[November 28th, 1918] Vienna: Government says it will try those responsible for starting the war.

 

[November 28th, 1918] The Kingdom of Serbia annexes the Kingdom of Montenegro.

 

[December 1, 1918] Iceland gained sovereignty from Denmark.

 

[December 2nd, 1918] Britain. One of the war cabinet's last acts is to demand Kaiser William's extradition.

 

[December 2nd, 1918] Poland: 3,200 Jews are reported murdered at Lvow (Lemberg).

 

[December 6th, 1918] London: The Government grants an eight-hour day to British railway workers.

 

[December 7th, 1918] Berlin: The Spartacist socialist movement calls for a revolution in Germany.

 

[December 7th, 1918] Demonstration in Berlin made by the Spartacist movement. A machine gun team mounted on a lorry standing in the Chausse Strasse in Berlin.

 

[December 7th, 1918] JC Leyendecker, "World War I Santa," The Saturday Evening Post cover art, December 7, 1918.

 

guFQ-4O7NVEh5amE_YEFBhGfObxAYQjDplbdtxSe

 

[Dec 11th 1918] A Middlesex soldier, captured by the Germans in 1916, survived for six months behind enemy lines by dressing as and impersonating a dead French woman.

 

[11 December 1918] Angered by the murder of a soldier, New Zealand troops kill around 40 Arab civilians. Surafend, Palestine.

 

[December 12, 1918] “Violent Epidemic of Influenza in Guatemala,” Evening Public Ledger, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, December 12, 1918. Page 1, Column 5.

 

[December 12th, 1918] Cover of "Life" Magazine

Life-Magazine-1918-12-12.jpg

 

 

[December 13, 1918] “Adjourn Without National Plan to Fight Influenza,” Arizona Republican, Phoenix, Arizona, December 13, 1918. Page 1, Column 5.

 

[December 14th, 1918] General election, first in which women voted: Conservatives and Coalition Liberals 509; Labour 62; Independent Liberals (Asquithites) 36; others 27. 73 Sinn Feiners (including first elected woman, Countess Markievicz) refuse to attend a Westminster Parliament. (UK)

 

[December 16, 1918] British fight isolated Turkish Forces who don't believe Ottoman surrender at Hudaydah, Yemen

 

[December 20th, 1918] Christmas Uprising – Montenegrin nationalists known as the Greens lead by Krsto Popović and Jovan Plamenac began to rebel against the Podgorica Assembly of Yugoslavia in response for what they perceived to be a forced merging with Serbia, Croatia, and Slovenia.

 

[December 25, 1918] "Three cheers for Christmas," somebody shouted, and the crowd of Americans gathered around the little open air Christmas tree then with village children.

 

[December 25, 1918] Christmas Day in Paris was very gay. Trees were trimmed for the boys of the A.E.F. Here is the one which was set up at #4 Avenue Bagriel, Paris. This is a blub for officers of Army while on leave. The A.R.C. maintains this house, where all the home comforts are available

 

[December 25, 1918] a former child soldier in Belgrade, Serbia plays violin on the streets for money

 

[December 27th, 1918] Greater Poland Uprising (1918–19): Poles in Greater Poland (the former Grand Duchy of Posen) rise up against the Germans, ignited by a patriotic speech made in Poznań by pianist and politician Ignacy Jan Paderewski.

 

[December 27th, 1918] Europe welcomes US President

 

[December 28th, 1918] The real Kaiser. His Imperial Highness the Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany in the gardens of his home in the Netherlands following his abdication and exile, 28 December 1918. A month earlier he had exclaimed: "It's just that damned Berlin that's against me!"

 

[December 29, 1918] All Answer Call for Visiting Nurses in Influenza Outbreak and Work Day and Night,” Omaha Daily Bee, Omaha, Nebraska, December 29

 

[December 30th, 1918] German anti-war activist Rosa Luxemburg led an effort to rename the left-leaning Spartacus League to the Communist Party of Germany.

 

[December 31st, 1918] A British-brokered ceasefire ended the two weeks of fighting in the Georgian–Armenian War.

 

[December 31st, 1918] London. The war cabinet meets for the last time.

 

[December 31st, 1918] Ten million dead, a generation lost: world counts cost of its first total war

 

OZwbB1N.jpg


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#173
Yuli Ban

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Remember how desperate we were for 2016 to end? I can only imagine the global orgasm the entire world felt on 1 January, 1919.

 

[January 1, 1919] Soldiers returning from World War I being rescued from the ship the S.S. Northern Pacific, which ran aground off Fire Island, Long Island, New York on January 1, 1919. Cameras can be seen on the shore.

 

[January 4, 1919] Flags and people in the Coliseum, Rome, Italy during the visit of President Woodrow Wilson on January 4, 1919

 

[January 5, 1919] The German Workers’ Party, the predecessor to the Nazi Party, is formed

 

[January 6, 1919] Freikorps troops in the streets of Berlin

 

[January 7, 1919] a Sparticist machinegun position atop the Brandenburg gate

 

[January 9 1919] German negotiations between leftist parties and the government break down, Chancellor Friedrich Ebert sends in the paramilitary force, the Freikorps, to crack down on the demonstrators.

 

[January 9, 1919] Spartacist demonstration in Münster. The revolution has spread from Berlin into other German cities.

 

[January 10, 1919] A Spartacist machine gun firing on the Freikorps as protests come to a head in Berlin.

 

[January 12th, 1919] Berlin. Berlin routs confused communist uprising/Communist uprising crushed in Berlin

 

[January 13th, 1919] Battle of Berlin finished. Workers' councils in Berlin end the general strike; the Spartacist uprising is over.

 

[January 14th, 1919] "The Great Trial Commences" (The start of the Paris Peace Conference)

 

[January 15th, 1919] Germany — Revolutionary socialist anti-war activist Rosa Luxemburg was murdered by right wing nationalist soldiers.

 

[January 15th, 1919] The corpse of Karl Liebknecht, co-founder of the Spartacists and leader of the party, 15 January 1919. The car carrying Liebknecht to Moabit Prison pulled up at the side of a dark road. Liebknecht was shot.

 

[January 15, 1919] 'The Boston Molassacre' occurred when tank containing molasses exploded creating a deadly 15' tall wave of molasses.

 

[January 16th, 1919] Berlin revolutionary leaders murdered

 

[January 20th, 1919] Ruins of Radinghem Church, 20 January 1919.


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#174
Yuli Ban

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[January 22nd, 1919] Romanian troops now control the entire territory up to the new demarcation line indicated by the Entente powers. Inner Transylvania and Maramureș (Máramaros) are under Romanian control, leaving Banat under Serbian, and Crișana (Körösvidék) under Hungarian control.

 

[January 23rd- 30th, 1919] Polish–Czechoslovak War erupts following border disagreements

 

[January 26th, 1919] "On the Track" "A French Government Report on the question of the responsibility of the ex-Kaiser for the war and all its barbarities has been presented to the Peace Conference." (The responsibility of Germany for war guilt.)

 

[January 26th, 1919] Poland held the first elections since gaining independence, with voter turnout between 70% and 90% allowing a balanced parliament of right, center and left-wing parties despite boycotts from the Communist Party of Poland and the General Jewish Labour Bund in Poland.

 

[January 28, 1919] From the Archives: The influenza epidemic of 1919 reaches Sydney

 

[January 29th, 1919] Washington, D.C.. 18th Amendment to Constitution, mandating Prohibition, is declared ratified by states.

 

[Jan 30 1919] Armenia And Syria: Another Job For Their Uncle Sam

 

[Jan. 31, 1919] Decommissioned on this day, the USS Indiana was the first battleship of the United States Navy. It served in the Spanish-American War and World War l. Another ship bearing the same name served in World War II. The most recent USS Indiana is a nuclear submarine commissioned last year.

 

[February 1st, 1919] Versailles: The UK, US, France and Italy agree on the basic principles of the League of Nations.

 

[February 2, 1919] Unidentified soldier in uniform holding French newspaper, La Liberté du Sud-Ouest, dated February 2, 1919

 

[February 2nd, 1919] Troops of the Freikorps brought to Dusseldorf to suppress the Spartacists outside their headquarters. A pile of rifles taken from the Spartacists. Dusseldorf, 2 February 1919.

 

[February 4, 1919] Norman Rockwell painting “Soldier Reunited with Family” appeared on the cover of The Literary Digest published February 4, 1919.

 

[February 6th, 1919] Fritz Ebert opens the Reichstag in Weimar, Germany.

 

[February 6th, 1919] The German national assembly meets, away from the revolutionary upheavals in Berlin, at Weimar, a town noted for its humanism and learning rather than the militarism that has brought Germany to its knees.

 

[February 7th, 1919] Germany: Chancellor Friedrich Ebert denounces the terms of the Armistice at a cabinet convention in Weimar.

 

[February 12th, 1919] Ethnic Germans and Hungarian inhabitants of Pressburg start a protest against its incorporation into Czechoslovakia, but the Czechoslovak Legions open fire on the unarmed demonstrators.

 

[February 13th, 1919] Japan proposed the inclusion of a "racial equality clause" in the Covenant of the League of Nations as an amendment to Article 21.

 

[February 14th, 1919] Paris. Triumphant Wilson offers League of Nations plan to Europeans

 

[February 14, 1919] 14 February 1919 We Lost 315 (Interesting look at the ongoing loss of life due to the Flu.

 

[February 17th, 1919] Germany: The Government finally signs the Armistice, giving up territory to Poland.

 

[February 18, 1919] Casper Daily Tribune: German Army Is Reduced To 25,000 By Armistice Draft; Women Don't Give Up Jobs To Soldiers Back From France.

 

[February 19th, 1919] Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for Air Winston Churchill arrives at a memorial service for airmen killed during the First World War at Westminster Abbey, London, on 19 February 1919.

 

[February 21st, 1919] Kurt Eisner, leader of the People's State of Bavaria, was shot dead by German nationalist Anton Graf von Arco auf Valley while on his way to the legislature where he planned announce his resignation as head of state.

 

[February 22nd, 1919] Germany. After the murder of the Bavarian prime minister, Kurt Eisner, a "soviet" republic is declared in Bavaria.

 

[February 24, 1919] New York Times: Spanish anarchists who were taken in by the police in New York City on suspicion of involvement in a plot to kill President Woodrow Wilson.

 

[February 25th, 1919] Versailles: France proposes setting the French frontier at the Rhine.

 

[February 26, 1919] Paul Castelnau in the Devastated Regions. Reims, Marne, Champagne, France, A 16 293

 

[March 1st, 1919] Spain: Martial law is declared following riots over food shorage.

 

[March 2, 1919] German chain gang in its former colony, German East Africa (Present-day Burundi, Rwanda, and Tanzania)

 

[March 3rd, 1919] Washington: Administration says the Great War cost the US $197,000 million.

 

[March 3rd, 1919] 2nd Battle for Berlin; Communists seize Berlin; Weimar government appoints Gustav Noske as German defense minister.

 

[March 4th, 1919] Washington, D.C.. Senators attack League of Nations idea

 

[March 5, 1919] Comic strip by W.K. Haselden, as published in the Daily Mirror on March 5, 1919, accurately predicts the future nightmares of cell phones.

 

ma19ki0779k21.jpg


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#175
Yuli Ban

Yuli Ban

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[March 7, 1919] Private John E. Brown was among the “200 Negro heroes,” according to the Pittsburgh Gazette Times, who returned to Pittsburgh on March 7, 1919. Brown returned with the 351st Field Artillery, a black regiment with mostly African-American officers, yet commanded by a white colonel.

 

[March 9th, 1919] "The man who fed Europe, Mr. Herbert C. Hoover. American Minister of Supply. Reproduction of four of the most curious posters of the "United States Food Administration""

 

[March 9th, 1919] the battle of Lichtenberg, a suburb of Berlin. Victims of the fight

 

[March 11th, 1919] Europe. The Allies reach agreement to supply famine-hit Germany with food relief.

 

[March 11th, 1919] Versailles: Allied supreme council orders German navy cut to 15,000 men.

 

[March 11th, 1919] Germans go hungry as famine spreads

 

ecw45Ku.jpg

 

[March 12th, 1919] "Strassenszene aus den Berliner Revolutionstagen" (Street scene from the Berlin revolution days)

 

[March 12th, 1919] Germany: The Government agrees to give up ships in Chilean ports in return for urgent food supplies.

 

[March 13th, 1919] "Nearly Plucked" (Demands made from Germany at the Paris Peace Conference)

 

[March 14th- June 18th, 1919] Woodrow Wilson Attended Paris Peace Conference. Departed the U.S. March 5.

 

[March 14, 1919] Three happy doughboys just off a transport from Europe. After 18 months overseas, the first thing they did was buy Yankee pastry pies and dig in. New York, New York, March 14, 1919.

 

[March 16th, 1919] UK: Invention of a wireless telephone enabling air pilots to talk in flight.

 

[March 17th, 1919] Women and children waiting to get milk which is allowed only for children under three years of age and for the sick. Cologne, 17 March 1919.

 

[March 18th, 1919] UK: Deaths in England and Wales exceeded births for the first time on record last quarter, due to influenza. Britain: Influenza epidemic has killed 150,000

 

yfrkYVV.jpg?1

 

[March 19, 1919]- The Axeman of New Orleans threatens to attack anywhere that a jazz band isn't playing.

 

[March 23rd, 1919] Italy. Benito Mussolini organizes a rally at Piazza San Sepolcro in Milan where he proclaims the principles of "Fasci Italiani di Combattimento", and then publishes the Fascist Manifesto in the newspaper he co-founded, "Il Popolo d'Italia", on June 6, 1919.

 

[March 23rd, 1919] Mussolini founds Fascist Party

 

CIqWoJJ.jpg?1

 

[April 1, 1919] Laramie Boomerang: Threatening Trouble With Japan Quieting As Truth Learned, Nex War Will Be On Pacific Says Senator

 

 

The next update will probably be on June 28th, the 100 year anniversary of the Treaty of Versailles and the official end to World War I.


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#176
Yuli Ban

Yuli Ban

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[April 2, 1919] First Lieutenant George W. Puryear in Seattle. Puryear was a member of the Victory Loan Flying Circus that toured the Western states in April and May 1919. The flying circus performed a daily air show with several types of airplanes. Puryear normally flew a German Fokker D.VII.
 
[April 3rd, 1919] Aviation: In a flight to publicize the Farman F.60 Goliath airliner, a Goliath carries 14 passengers to an altitude of 6,200 meters (20,341 feet).
 
[April 3rd, 1919] UK. Government agrees to begin release of imprisoned conscientious objectors.
 
[April 4th, 1919] A Bavarian Soviet Republic is proclaimed in Munich. Like the Spartacist revolt, it is suppressed within a month by "Freikorps" units. Bavaria will become a refuge for extreme right-wing nationalist groups bent on bringing down the Weimar regime.
 
[April 5th, 1919] Thirty-five Jews were killed without trial in Pinsk, Poland after being accused of organizing an illegal Bolshevik rally.
 
[April 6th, 1919] India. Mahatma Gandhi declared an All India Strike against the Rollatt Act.
 
[April 6th, 1919] A Soviet rebellion lead by German anarchists in Munich dissolved the People's State of Bavaria, and forced its leader Johannes Hoffmann to flee and establish a rival socialist government in Bamberg, Germany.
 
[April 6, 1919] A hartal was organized in India against the “Black Act” passed in March that gave the government larger powers to repress its people in order to quell revolution like that of in Russia. People such as Gandhi fasted and prayed as civil disobedience.
 
[April 7th, 1919] The Original Dixieland Jazz Band introduced Dixieland jazz to England with a 15-month tour, starting with a performance at the Hippodrome in London.
 
[April 7th, 1919] "Heraus aus dem Sumpf" [Out of the Quagmire]
 
[April 7th, 1919] London. Dixieland jazzmen take syncopation to every nation

 

[April 7, 1919] George Freeth (1883-1919), the “Father of Modern Surfing,” died this day at age 35 of influenza. He was the first surfer in the US, the first “official life guard” on the Pacific coast, and is credited with developing the rescue paddleboard and the torpedo shaped rescue buoy.
 
[April 8th, 1919] Versailles: Peace Conference decides to site headquarters of the League of Nations at Geneva in Switzerland.

 

[April 9, 1919] During the Occupation of Germany in 1919, children watch an A.E.F. soldier attach a Victory Liberty Loan poster to a guard post at Neuwied, Rhenish Prussia, Germany, 9 April 1919. Sentry is armed with a model 1917 Enfield rifle. (Naval History and Heritage Command)

 

[April 9th, 1919] Universal suffrage was extended to women in British East Africa, of "pure European descent", provided they were English-speaking, literate British subjects and owned property, so the law could exclude Africans, British Indians and other ethnic groups.

 

[April 10th, 1919] Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata was ambushed and shot dead in Morelos by soldiers under command of Jesus Guajardo, a subordinate to General Pablo González Garza of the Constitutionalist Army.

 

[April 10, 1919] Constantinople, Turkey. Haija Sophia, in background. April 10, 1919.

 

[April 10, 1919] "Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey. View of city"

 

[April 11th, 1919] "Will Germany Win?" (Lloyd George must insist that Germany pays the full cost of the war.)

 

[April 11th, 1919] Munich: Coup attempt aims to overthrow the soviet government of Bavaria.

 

[April 11th, 1919] Italy supports the Racial Equality Proposal introduced by Japan at the Paris Peace Conference.

 

[April 11, 1919] Poland: Even though the Armistice was signed, German volunteer troops are seen arresting a Polish citizen and taking him to their headquarters . They have placed a bag over his head to prevent him from seeing where he is taken. (Underwood Archives)

 

[April 11, 1919] An overview of war-damaged Lens, France, on April 11, 1919. (Library of Congress)

 

[April 11, 1919] In Lens, France, a married couple living in the cellar of their former home, which is in complete ruins. (Library of Congress)

 

[April 12, 1919] The cloister of the cathedral of Arras destroyed by bombs, France, World War I. Photo by DeAgostini, published in L'Illustration, No 3971, April 12, 1919.

 

[April 12th, 1919] French serial killer Henri Désiré Landru is arrested.

 

[April 13th- 17th, 1919] Braunschweig. State of emergency declared, Freikorps troops enter city.

 

[April 13th, 1919] UK: Petrol now costs around 3/6d a gallon.

 

[April 13th, 1919] Afghanistan. Amir Amanullah Khan declared Afghanistan's independence from Britain.

 

[April 13th, 1919] Brazil. In the presidential election brought about by the death of Rodrigues Alves, Epitácio Pessoa of the Paraíba Republican Party receives 71.0% of the vote.

 

[April 13th, 1919] The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, at Amritsar in the Punjab Province of British India, sows the seeds of discontent and leads to the birth of the Indian Independence Movement.

 

[April 12, 1919] The (Bauhaus) school was founded in the city of Weimar on April 12, 1919, by German architect Walter Gropius.

 

[April 13, 1919] The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, Amritsar, Punjab. About 2,000 casualties because of a British general entering a ground, blocking all exits, and open firing till all ammunition was spent.

 

[April 14, 1919] Cantigny, France, April 14, 1919. Site of the former village of Cantigny, not far from Montdidier. The German advance was stopped at this point; American troops engaged in heavy fighting at Cantigny. (Library of Congress)

 

[April 14th, 1919] Freikorps suppress communists in Dresden.

 

[April 14th, 1919] Versailles: Germany's war reparations are provisionally set at £5,400 million.

 

[April 15th- 19th, 1919] Ireland. "Limerick Soviet": a general strike called by the Limerick Trades and Labour Council, as a protest against the declaration of a "Special Military Area" under the Defence of the Realm Act covering of most of the city of Limerick and its surroundings.

 

[April 15th, 1919] evening - Hungarian troops organize a preemptive strike against the Romanian Army in western Transylvania.

 

[April 15th, 1919] Boston Telephone Strike of 1919 begins. Ends successfully for the telephone operators and supporters on April 20.

 

[April 15th, 1919] The United States Navy selected the collier USS "Jupiter" to be converted into the navy's first aircraft carrier.

 

[April 16th, 1919] "Battle" of the Bavarian government troops at Dachau; Communists defeat Republican forces.

 

[April 16th, 1919] "Bolshevism Rears Head In This City. Anarchist-Soviet Bulletin Urges the Seizure of Land and All Industries. Nation-Wide In Scope" (Washington Evening Star)

 

[April 16th- 19th, 1919] Violent battles take place in the Apuseni Mountains, eventually won by the Romanian troops (five divisions), which broke through the front lines into the Crișana Plain. (Hungarian-Romanian War)

 

[April 17th, 1919] New Brunswick, Canada — women were granted complete universal suffrage.

 

[April 17, 1919] Advertisement in Life Magazine for the Milburn Light Electric, “The Modern Electric,” published on April 17, 1919. Priced at $2185, and sold by the Milburn Wagon Company Automobile Division.

 

[April 18th, 1919] German socialist leader Johannes Hoffmann gathered 8,000 troops to fight a German Soviet force of 30,000 in Dachau, Germany, where he was defeated.

 

[April 18, 1919] emergency currency issued by the Limerick Soviet, which has been existing under siege conditions by the British army for two days now

 

[April 19th, 1919] London: The Government says it is sending more troops to Egypt to counter continuing nationalist unrest.

 

[April 19th, 1919] Following their successful counter-offensive against the Hungarian Soviet Republic, Romanian troops enter Carei (Nagykároly) and Satu Mare (Szatmárnémeti).

 

[Apr 19, 1919] Leslie Irvin (1895-1966) of US makes first premeditated free-fall parachute jump. Using a newly developed “Parachute Type-A,” it stored the parachute in a pack worn on the back, a ripcord for manually deploying the parachute, and a pilot chute that draws the parachute from the pack.

 

[April 20th, 1919] the Hungarians proclaim the "revolution in danger". More than 40,000 workers enlisted in the Red Army in six days at the call of Béla Kun.


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#177
Yuli Ban

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[April 21, 1919] New York, New York: The 332nd Infantry marches up Fifth Avenue on their way to Central Park, where they will receive medals from the Italian Attache for fighting in Italy against the Austrians

 

[April 23rd, 1919] France: a law sets the hours of work at 8 hours a day and 48 hours a week.

 

[April 28th, 1919] The Statute of the League of Nations is approved by the Plenary Session of the Versailles Peace Conference. pact of the League of Nations (SdN, Société des Nations), based in Geneva.

 

[April 28th, 1919] , Amiens, France, A 15 420

 

[April 29th, 1919] Constantinople: 12 men, including ex-ministers, go on trial for committing atrocities and other crimes.

 

[April 29th, 1919] German representatives arrive in Paris.

 

[April 29, 1919] Surrendered German U-boats at the Brooklyn Navy Yard on April 29, 1919. Under the terms of the Armistice that went into effect on November 11, 1918, the Germans were required to surrender their entire navy, which had not been decisively defeated in battle.

 

[April 29th, 1919] Yugoslavia breaks their ceasefire agreement with Austria, advancing in Carinthia

 

[April 30, 1919] Prince Gustav of Thurn and Taxis executed by German Communists.

 

[April 30, 1919] Serbian refugees are shown at a Red Cross station before emigrating to the US, April 30, 1919. The disruption of the Balkan Wars (1912–13) and World War I (1914–18) heightened ethnic animosities in the Balkans. (National Archives)

 

[May 1st, 1919] The Romanian Army reaches the river Tisza.

 

[May 1st, 1919] Race riot in Charleston, South Carolina kills three black men; beginning of Red Summer.

 

[May 1st, 1919] Czech offensive in Hungary.

 

[May 1st, 1919] Communist Party USA founded

 

[May 2, 1919] Gustav Landauer (1870-1919) died this day. He was briefly Commissioner of Enlightenment and Public Instruction of the short-lived Bavarian Soviet Republic. He was killed when this Republic was overthrown.

 

[May 2nd, 1919] Reichswehr troops of colonel von Epp occupy Munich after fierce battles against communists and anarchists.

 

[May 2, 1919] Anti-communist Freikorps with armoires car in Munich during the fall of Bavarian Soviet Republic. May 2, 1919

 

[May 3rd, 1919] Budapest: The Hungarian communist regime surrenders to Allied troops.

 

[May 3rd- 4th, 1919] Afghan troops cross the Indian border west of Khyber Pass and take the village of Bagh, which controls the water supply of the British garrison to Landi Kotal. The incident marks the beginning of the Third Anglo-Afghan War.

 

[May 4th, 1919] May 4th movement. Student demonstrations in Beijing, China, for modernization, democracy, and against Japan and the other imperialist powers. Awakening of Chinese nationalism. Some protesters will later join the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

 

[May 4, 1919] Over 3000 students from universities in Beijing gather in front of Tiananmen to protest the signing of the Treaty of Versailles.

 

[May 7th, 1919] In Versailles, the German delegation receives the draft of the peace treaty of the Allies to end the First World War. The quasi-immutable terms and conditions effect the closed resignation of the Scheidemann Cabinet in June.

 

[May 7, 1919] The parade to end all parades was held in Pittsburgh, where their soldiers returned victorious from the bloody fields of France. Members of the Old Eighteenth Infantry Regiment and the Fifteenth Engineers marched down Fifth Avenue in the downtown district. (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette)

 

[May 7th, 1919] The British Army of the Rhine have a special brew of beer for which a German brewery is supplied with malt. Men from various regiments, sent to collect their weekly rations, tasting the beer. 7 May, 1919.

 

[May 9, 1919] Qinghua students burn Japanese goods in the field in front of the gym in protest against the Treaty of Versailles and the 21 Demands.

 

[May 9th, 1919] , Verdun, France, A 16 087

 

[May 10, 1919] May 10, 1919 issue of “The Woman Citizen.” The magazine was used to promote the idea of female citizenship. Unlike “The Suffragist,” “The Woman Citizen” tried to explore all avenues of woman's news instead of only suffrage news. The paper refused ads from any liquor or tobacco.

 

[May 13, 1919] Vaux, France. About thirty of the inhabitants returned after the armistice and clearing a spot set up small shacks or cleared out their cellars as dwelling places. A garden always follows the shack

 

[May 13, 1919] Chateau-Thierry. The Valley of the Marnex with Chateau-Thierry in the distance. In the left, center is one of the small villages which has been completely ruined. In the immediate foreground can be seen a field with the spring plowing already done

 

[May 13, 1919] "Chateau-Thierry. Rebuilding what their wantoness destroyed. A group of German prisoners doing road reconstruction work in the town of Chateau-Theirry". May 13, 1919.

 

[May 15th, 1919] The Greco-Turkish War begins, after 20,000 Greek soldiers land in Smyrna

 

[May 16th, 1919] Urla Clashes. Around 800 ethnic Greek militia began looting and burning Turkish villages in Urla, Turkey a day after the Greek landing at Smyrna. A local Turkish militia of 120 men plus 25 regular Ottoman troops were organized to repel the attacks.

 

[May 16, 1919] Mustafa Kemal departs from Istanbul heading for Samsun where he was appointed as Inspector of the Ninth Army Troops, which he will use to organize a resistance against the occupying forces

 

[May 17, 1919] Group portrait of the crew on deck of the USS VICKSBURG, Juneau, Alaska, May 17, 1919. The ship was sent to aid in the flu epidemic.

 

[May 19th, 1919] Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, marking the start of the Turkish War of Independence. The anniversary of this event is also an official day of Turkish Youth.

 

[May 20, 1919] Reims. German prisoners doing reconstruction work. May 20, 1919.

 

[May 22nd, 1919] Beginning of the first Kurdish revolt against the British in Iraq. Sulaymaniya Governor Mahmoud Barzandji arrested all British officers and proclaimed himself sovereign of all Kurdistan.

 

[May 24, 1919] ‪Greek soldiers building earthworks and a telegraph line in occupied Smyrna/Izmir

 

[May 25th, 1919] Mexico. Francisco "Pancho" Villa takes the town of Parral, Chihuahua, and hangs the mayor.

 

[May 27th, 1919] Third Anglo-Afghan War – The British Army used an escalade for the last time in its military operations while laying siege to the Afghan fortress Spin Boldak, resulting in its capture.

 

[May 27th, 1919] First plane crosses the Atlantic Ocean

 

[May 29th, 1919] Einstein's theory of general relativity is tested by Arthur Eddington's observation of the "bending of light" during the total solar eclipse on this day observed in Principe, and by Andrew Crommelin in Sobral, Ceará, Brazil (confirmed November 6).


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#178
Yuli Ban

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[May 30th, 1919] By agreement with the United Kingdom, later confirmed by the League of Nations, Belgium is given the mandate over part of German East Africa (Ruanda-Urundi).

 

[May 31 1919] The Graphic, 31 May 1919, pictures the shocking wreckage of the 'world's largest plane,' the triplane Tarrant, built by Mr W G Tarrant, which was originally intended for the bombing of Berlin

 

[May 31, 1919] After a two-year hiatus for World War I, the Indianapolis 500 came roaring back for its seventh running. Pictured here, race cars are lined up, with the pace car in the foreground, before the start of the race. The eventual race winner, Howdy Wilcox, is in car #3 behind the pace car.

 

[June 1st, 1919] A permanent flight of aircraft is stationed in San Diego to serve as a forest fire patrol. The machines are World War I-surplus Curtiss JN-4s.

 

[June 1st, 1919] The Allied triumvirate arrives at Versailles, 1 June 1919- (from left to right) Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister of France; Woodrow Wilson, President of the USA; and Lloyd George, the British Prime Minister.

 

[June 1, 1919] Demonstration by German Austrians in Berlin for unification with Germany, Front page of Weiner Bilder, June 1, 1919. The translated caption below the photo reads, “The mass march of German Austrians in Berlin in favour of unification and against peace imposed by force.”

 

[June 3rd, 1919] creation of a Ministry of Health in the United Kingdom.

 

[June 4th, 1919] US. Women's rights: The United States Congress approves the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which would guarantee suffrage to women, and sends it to the U.S. states for ratification.

 

[June 5th, 1919] Estonian War of Independence and Latvian War of Independence – A southern front in the war opened up when the pro-German Baltische Landeswehr force, supported by German reserve units, advanced against Estonian and Latvian forces in northern Latvia.

 

[June 5th, 1919] 30-year-old Adolf Hitler begins a course on politics at Munich University. Subjects include "German History Since the Reformation", "The Political History of the War", "Socialism in Theory and Practice" and "our Economic Situation and Peace Conditions"

 

[June 6, 1919] Russian prisoners, Guben Camp Germany. June 6, 1919.

 

[June 7th- 28th, 1919] Chortkiv offensive (Polish-Ukrainian War)

 

[June 7th, 1919] Malta. Sette Giugno protests over increases in the price of bread. British soldiers fire on the crowd and kill four Maltese protesters, during a violent riot instigated by students. The protests lead to greater autonomy for the Maltese.

 

[June 6, 1919] Million Armenians slain; babies drowned and priests brutally tortured by Turks. Thousands of bodies in one pit. So many bodies hurled into one river that it overflowed its banks

 

[June 8, 1919] Victorious Nations WWI - New-York Tribune

 

[June 9th, 1919] Constantinople: The Turkish Sultan's palace is destroyed by fire.

 

[June 12, 1919] Greece, Britain and France devour the Middle East while America looks on

 

[June 13, 1919] Cher Ami, the US Army homing pigeon who provided critical information to save the 77th Infantry from defeat during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive at the close of WWI, succumbed to injuries while at Fort Monmouth, New Jersey. She remains one of the world’s most decorated war pigeons.

 

[June 13, 1919] Germany to split into multiple different republics

 

[June 14, 1919] Laramie Boomerang: Fate Of Germany Will Be Definitely Known On Or Before June 21

 

[June 14th, 1919] Alcock and Brown takeoff from St. John's, Newfoundland in 1919

 

[June 15th, 1919] Battle of Bergama. Part of the Greco-Turkish War (1919–22)

 

[June 16th, 1919] Paris Peace Conference – The Allies submitted to Germany an ultimatum to accept a draft of the peace treaty within five days or risk renewed warfare.

 

[June 17th, 1919] Versailles: The German delegates are stoned when they leave the Peace Conference for Berlin.

 

[June 17th, 1919] 800 Jews decapitated in assembly-line fashion in Dubova (Ukraine).

 

[June 17th, 1919] France. Joan of Arc is officially declared saint and Louise de Marillac, blessed.

 

[June 21, 1919] Americans ready to invade Germany, Draw up plan if Germans don't sign treaty

 

[June 21st, 1919] Winnipeg general strike – Royal Northwest Mounted Police fired a volley of bullets into a crowd of 30,000 strikers protesting the arrest of the strike leaders, killing two and injuring between 35-45 people, in what was later referred to as "Bloody Saturday".

 

[June 22nd- 23rd, 1919] The Weimar Assembly bows to 237 votes to 138 and approves the Treaty of Versailles. It rejects however the articles on the responsibility and the criminals of war.

 

[June 22, 1919] Japanese Premier Kei Hara admits that the rumoured massacres of Koreans by the Japanese authorities is based on fact

 

[June 23, 1919] This picture by Cartoonist Bob Satterfield is printed on at least three June 23, 1919 papers

 

[June 24th, 1919] "Germany Will Sign"- Newspaper placard for the Times.

 

[June 24, 1919] Editorial cartoon predicts World War II, even that the class of 1940 will be "cannon fodder"

 

[June 27, 1919] Eve of the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, telephone booths installed for the press, Palace of Versailles (Paris, France), on June 27, 1919.

 

[June 28th, 1919] The Treaty of Versailles is signed, formally ending World War I. 

 

Also formally ending the constant stream of updates.


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#179
Yuli Ban

Yuli Ban

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All that's left are much more scattered updates...

[July 9, 1919] World needs a League of Nations to stop a future generation of German people fed nothing but revenge

 

otfigulmi7931.jpg


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.


#180
Yuli Ban

Yuli Ban

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nk5pt8gytxx31.jpg?width=681&auto=webp&s=


And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future.






Also tagged with one or more of these keywords: World War I, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918, Russian Revolution, world war, war, Spanish Flu

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