AI & Robotics News and Discussions

caltrek
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Underwater Robot May Unearth Climate Mysteries
by Claire Hogan
July 2, 2021

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2021/07 ... -mysteries

Introduction:
(Science) Two hundred meters under the sunny waves of the ocean lies the mesopelagic zone, a cold, dark section of water where humans rarely venture. This area, dubbed the “twilight zone,” houses animals like krill, squid, and jellyfish.

Twilight zone animals play a major part in the carbon cycle, bringing organic carbon from surface waters and trapping them deep beneath the tides. But these shy creatures are delicate and hard to observe, making it nearly impossible to trace their movements, let alone their impact on Earth’s climate.

Enter Mesobot. This autonomous underwater robot weighs in at about 250 kilograms, with a black-and-yellow tanklike exterior. It can track a single organism for more than 1 day without human intervention, relying on a long-lasting battery and advanced tracking algorithms to follow creatures on their daily commutes. With an array of sensors and a high-definition camera, Mesobot could help scientists learn about this mysterious ocean area—and the creatures it contains.
caltrek
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Merger of Robotic Spine Surgery Businesses
by Brian Heater
July 8, 2021

https://techcrunch.com/2021/07/08/robotics-roundup-19/

Extract:
(TechCrunch)...robotic surgery company Fusion Robotics announced this week announced plans to merge with Adaptive Geometry, another tech company specializing in spinal surgery technology. The two companies will combine to create the perfectly nondescript Accelus (frankly, Fusion is a pretty good name for two combined companies, but maybe that’s just me).

“Accelus will create opportunities for wide-scale adoption of robotics in spine surgery—both in hospitals and ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs)—by addressing previous constraints related to cost and efficiency,” Accelus Chris Walsh said in a release. “Both Fusion Robotics and Integrity Implants have built enabling technology platforms that create a force multiplier for spinal care. Our products and culture create accessibility to fit each patient’s anatomy, each surgeon’s preferred approach, and each healthcare facility’s space and budget limitations, embodying our core principle of access without compromise.”
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Yuli Ban
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Thousands of galaxies classified in the blink of an eye
Astronomers have designed and trained AI that can classify tens of thousands of galaxies in just a few seconds, a task that usually takes months to accomplish
Astronomers have designed and trained a computer program that can classify tens of thousands of galaxies in just a few seconds, a task that usually takes months to accomplish.

In research published today, astrophysicists from Australia have used machine learning to speed up a process that is often done manually by astronomers and citizen scientists around the world.

"Galaxies come in different shapes and sizes," said lead author Mitchell Cavanagh, a Ph.D. candidate based at the University of Western Australia node of the International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR).

"Classifying the shapes of galaxies is an important step in understanding their formation and evolution, and can even shed light on the nature of the Universe itself."
And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future
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Yuli Ban
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Paris welcomes first pizzeria operated entirely by robots
A new kind of chef is making a splash on the Parisian dining scene in the Beaubourg neighbourhood of the french capital.

The new pizzeria ‘Pazzi’ is staffed entirely by robots, from order-taking to prepping the dough

to putting the pizzas in boxes.

"We are in a very fast process, with a perfect control of time, a control of quality since we have a constancy offered by robotics, and then an environment that is quite cool and relaxed” says the co-inventor of the ‘Pazzi’ robot, Sébastien Roverso.

“The idea is also to spend a few pleasant minutes watching the robot while you wait for your pizza to be made."
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This photograph taken on July 1, 2021, shows "Pazzi", a pizza-making robot at work in a restaurant in Paris. BERTRAND GUAY/AFP
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Yuli Ban
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USC researchers enable AI to use its "imagination"
USC research team has developed an AI that uses human like capabilities to imagine a never before seen object with different attributes, a technique could lead to fairer AI, new medicines and increased autonomous vehicle safety
Imagine an orange cat. Now, imagine the same cat, but with coal-black fur. Now, imagine the cat strutting along the Great Wall of China. Doing this, a quick series of neuron activations in your brain will come up with variations of the picture presented, based on your previous knowledge of the world.

In other words, as humans, it’s easy to envision an object with different attributes. But, despite advances in deep neural networks that match or surpass human performance in certain tasks, computers still struggle with the very human skill of “imagination.”

Now, a USC research team comprising computer science Professor Laurent Itti, and PhD students Yunhao Ge, Sami Abu-El-Haija and Gan Xin, has developed an AI that uses human-like capabilities to imagine a never-before-seen object with different attributes. The paper, titled Zero-Shot Synthesis with Group-Supervised Learning, was published in the 2021 International Conference on Learning Representations on May 7.

“We were inspired by human visual generalization capabilities to try to simulate human imagination in machines,” said Ge, the study’s lead author.

“Humans can separate their learned knowledge by attributes—for instance, shape, pose, position, color—and then recombine them to imagine a new object. Our paper attempts to simulate this process using neural networks.”
Image
IN A NEW APPROACH TO TEACHING AI’S TO “IMAGINE THE UNSEEN,” TRAINING IMAGES (BOTTOM) ARE COMBINED TO SYNTHESIZE THE REQUESTED IMAGE (TOP). IMAGE/GE ET AL.
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Yuli Ban
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And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future
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Yuli Ban
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And remember my friend, future events such as these will affect you in the future
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Yuli Ban
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He's not wrong

Artificial Intelligence is more profound than fire, electricity, or the internet, says Google boss
Artificial intelligence (AI ) and quantum computing will revolutionize our world over the next quarter-century predicted Sundar Pichai, the chief executive of Google’s owner Alphabet, in an interview.

The boss of the tech giant said AI, which is when machines are programmed to simulate the human mind and solve problems, will have a bigger impact than most of the major breakthroughs in recent history.

“I expect it to play a foundation role pretty much across every aspect of our lives,” he said, in a podcast recorded by BBC media editor Amol Rajan. “The progress in artificial intelligence is still in early stages but I view it as the most profound technology humanity will ever work on and we need to make sure we harness it to societies benefit.”
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weatheriscool
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Machine-learning algorithms used to detect Alzheimer's during phone conversations
https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-07- ... tions.html
by Bob Yirka , Medical Xpress
Researchers working at the Department of Public Health, McCann Healthcare Worldwide Japan Inc., has created three algorithms that can be used to detect Alzheimer's in patients as they engage in phone conversations. The group has written a paper outlining the algorithms and their effectiveness and have uploaded it to the open-access site PLOS ONE.

Despite world-wide efforts, there still is no cure for Alzheimer's disease, which impacts millions of people around the globe including approximately 5.8 million in the United States. Medical researchers have made inroads towards slowing its progression, however; which is why it is becoming more and more important to identify the disease early. Thus scientists have turned their attention to finding new ways to predict which people will get the disease. In this new effort, the researchers have turned to machine learning as an aid to diagnoses.

Prior research has shown that some of the early signs of Alzheimer's include speaking more slowly than normal and pausing more often during conversations. Some work is already being done to recognize such speech difficulties—one project by a team in Japan uses the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS-J) test, where phone conversations are recorded and studied to see if there is slow or broken speech. In this new study, the researchers have replaced the humans listening and analyzing phone conversations with a computer running a machine-learning algorithm.
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raklian
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To know is essentially the same as to not to know. The only thing that occurs is entropy.
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