is a free, web-based, collaborative, multilingual encyclopedia project.
Launched on 15th January 2001, it went on to become the largest
and by far the most popular general reference work on the Internet.
By 2011, more than 18 million articles (3.7 million in English) had
been written by volunteers from around the world.
Bush is sworn in as the 43rd President of the United States
a controversial election result, former Texas governor George Bush was sworn in as U.S. President on 20th
January 2001. Though he originally outlined an ambitious domestic agenda,
his priorities were significantly altered following the terrorist attacks
of the same year. Wars were waged in Afghanistan and later Iraq while
significant debates regarding immigration, healthcare, Social Security,
economic policy, and treatment of terrorist detainees took place within
eight year period, Bush's once-high approval ratings steadily declined, while his disapproval numbers increased significantly
over the same time frame. In 2007, the U.S. entered into
its longest post-World War II recession and the administration responded
by enacting multiple stimulus packages.
station Mir is deorbited
to the International Space Station, the Russian-controlled Mir had been
in orbit since 1986. During that time, it hosted astronauts and cosmonauts
from 12 different countries. The last crew left in 1999 and, despite
attempts by private companies to purchase it, the aging space station
was deemed unsalvageable. Mir was ditched in the Pacific Ocean near Fiji,
with a few large pieces later retrieved.
world's first space tourist
engineer and multimillionaire Dennis Tito became the world's first space
tourist in 2001. He spent nearly eight days on the International Space
Station, Soyuz TM-31 and TM-32, orbiting the Earth a total of 128
times. Tito performed
several scientific experiments that he said would be useful for his
company and business. He paid a reported $20 million for his trip,
through an arrangement with space tourism company Space Adventures Ltd.
devastating terrorist attack leaves 3,000 dead in America
11th, 2001, a series of coordinated suicide attacks took place in the
United States. On that day, 19 al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four
commercial airliners. The hijackers intentionally crashed two of the
airliners into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City – killing everyone on board, along with many others working in the buildings.
– two of the tallest in the world at the time – collapsed within two
hours, destroying nearby buildings and heavily damaging others. The
hijackers crashed a third airliner into the Pentagon, just outside Washington,
D.C. The fourth plane crashed into a field near Shanksville in rural
Pennsylvania, after some of its passengers and crew attempted to retake
control of the plane, which the hijackers had redirected toward Washington,
D.C. There were no survivors from any of the flights.
and the 19 hijackers died as a result of the attacks. The vast
majority of casualties were civilians, including nationals of over 90
countries. In addition, the death of at least one person from lung disease
was ruled by a medical examiner to be a result of exposure to dust from
the World Trade Center's collapse.
stock exchanges stayed closed for the rest of the week following the
attack, and posted enormous losses upon reopening, especially in the
airline and insurance industries. The destruction of billions of dollars'
worth of office space caused serious damage to the economy of Lower
States responded to the attacks by launching a "War on Terrorism"
– invading Afghanistan to depose the Taliban, who had harboured al-Qaeda
terrorists, and enacting the USA PATRIOT Act. Many other countries also
strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation and greatly expanded their law
launches the iPod
a new line of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Inc.
The first generation was launched on 10th November 2001. With its user-friendly
interface and gigabytes of storage capacity, the iPod went on to become
phenomenally successful. The introduction of the iTunes store, with
millions of songs available to download, substantially boosted Apple's