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2020-2029
timeline contents

2020-2040

• The Arctic is becoming free of sea ice |

2020-2026

• The Euclid Space Telescope reveals new insights into dark matter and dark energy |

2020-2025

• Gene therapy for deafness | • Breast tomosynthesis is in widespread use | • Five-year survival rates for Hodgkin's lymphoma are approaching 100% |

2020

• America's power shift is destabilising the Asia-Pacific region | • Generation X is reshaping global politics | • Internet use reaches 5 billion worldwide | • The 5G standard is released | • Texting by thinking | • Complex organ replacements grown from stem cells | • The first stem cell therapy for congestive heart failure | • A cure for malaria | • Progress with longevity extension | • Genetically engineered "super" bananas | • Tokyo hosts the Olympic Games | • Hong Kong's Mass Transit Railway (MTR) has been significantly expanded | • Completion of the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link | • The UK has expanded its offshore grid connections | • Smart meters in every UK home | • Mercury pollution has been greatly reduced | • Glacier National Park and other regions are becoming ice-free | • Britain's new aircraft carriers reach full operational capability | • 30,000 drones are patrolling the skies of America | • Mars 2020 rover mission | • The first test flights of NASA's Quiet Supersonic Technology | • England's Coastal Path is open to walkers | • Expo 2020 is held in Dubai | • The PlayStation 5 is launched |

2021

• The ExoMars rover touches down on Mars | • Greenland moves towards full independence | • Water crisis in southwest USA | • The world's largest insect swarm re-emerges | • Five-year survival rates for breast cancer are approaching 100% | • Male birth control pills are entering the market | • The world's first artificial kidney | • Launch of the Terrafugia TF-X flying car | • The first Arabian mission to Mars | • The maiden flight of Ariane 6 | • India's first manned space flight | • A rapidly changing workforce | • Wireless electricity is reaching critical mass | • Traditional microchips are reaching the limits of miniaturisation | • Completion of the Shenzhen-Zhongshan Bridge |

2022-2062

• The next generation of London Tube trains |

2022

• India becomes the most populous country on Earth | • The ITER experimental fusion reactor is switched on | • Germany phases out nuclear energy | • Beijing hosts the Winter Olympics | • Qatar hosts the FIFA World Cup | • China's first space station is complete | • The European Extremely Large Telescope is operational | • The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope begins full operations | • Japanese probe to a Martian moon | • New Horizons completes its study of the Kuiper Belt | • The AIDA mission arrives at Didymos | • The Dark Ages Radio Explorer (DARE) is launched | • Water is becoming a weapon of war | • Global reserves of antimony are running out | • Nanotech clothes are growing rapidly in use | • Poland begins exporting the PL-01 stealth tank | • Collision of two stars in the binary system KIC 9832227 | • Driverless hover-taxis are operational in Dubai |

2023-2027

• A tipping point for block chain |

2023

• The Aerion AS2 supersonic jet enters service | • First crewed flight of NASA's Orion spacecraft | • Mars sample return mission | • Asteroid sample return mission | • Launch of the Wide Field Infrared Survey Telescope (WFIRST) | • Laser-driven fusion energy makes progress | • The Hinkley Point C nuclear power station is operational | • The Type 26 Global Combat Ship enters service | • Turkey celebrates its 100th anniversary as an independent republic | • Completion of the London "super sewer" | • Brain implants to restore lost memories | • Borneo’s rainforests have been wiped from the map | • Driverless high-speed trains begin operating in France | • Completion of the Stad Ship Tunnel |

2024

• Vladimir Putin steps down as President of Russia | • Open-source, 3D printed clothes at near-zero cost | • The Thirty Metre Telescope is fully operational | • Completion of the Square Kilometre Array | • Total solar eclipse across North America | • Paris hosts the Summer Olympic Games | • The first probe to fly into the Sun's outer atmosphere | • Lunar Mission One drills into the Moon's south pole | • Bio-electronics for treating arthritis are in common use | • Carsharing has exploded in popularity | • Wind turbine drone inspection is a multi-billion dollar industry | • Starlink reaches full capacity |

2025-2050

• Unemployment is soaring |

2025-2035

• All television is becoming Internet-based | • Small modular nuclear reactors gain widespread adoption | • Manned missions to the Moon | • The Advanced Technology Large-Aperture Space Telescope (ATLAST) conducts its life-searching mission | • Mouse revival from cryopreservation |

2025-2030

• The threat of bioterrorism is peaking | • Hypersonic missiles are in military use | • Some of Britain's most well-known animal species are going extinct | • Rhinos are going extinct in the wild |

2025

• A billion human genomes have been sequenced | • Human brain simulations are becoming possible | • 3D-printed human organs | • China is becoming highly urbanised | • Vertical farms are common in cities | • Solid waste is reaching crisis levels | • Kivalina has been inundated | • Completion of the East Anglia Zone | • The UK phases out coal power | • The Giant Magellan Telescope is fully operational | • The first test flight of the Skylon spaceplane | • The first manned flights from Russia's new spaceport | • Contact with the Voyager probes is lost | • High speed rail networks are being expanded in many countries | • A comprehensive overhaul of the U.S. airspace system is complete | • Railguns are in use by the U.S. navy | • The global crowdfunding market reaches $100bn | • BepiColombo arrives in orbit around Mercury | • The final Avatar movie is released |

2026-2031

• India's reusable launch vehicle is operational |

2026-2030

• The PLATO observatory is operational |

2026

• A synthetic human genome is completed | • Aquaculture provides the majority of the world's seafood | • The High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (HL-LHC) is operational | • The International Linear Collider is completed | • 3-D printed electronic membranes to prevent heart attacks | • Youthful regeneration of aging heart muscle via GDF-11 | • New treatments for Alzheimer’s disease | • Rising sea levels are wreaking havoc on the Maldives | • Global reserves of indium are running out | • Construction of the Sagrada Família is complete | • Robotic hands matching human capabilities | • The FIFA World Cup is hosted jointly in Canada, Mexico and the United States | • Mars Science Laboratory is shutting down | • Expansion of London's Heathrow Airport |

2027

• The BRICs overtake the G7 nations | • Light-duty hydrogen fuel cell vehicles reach 1 million in annual sales | • Tokyo and Nagoya are connected by high-speed maglev | • Carbon sequestration is underway in many nations | • The Venera-D mission arrives at Venus | • The asteroid 1999 AN10 makes a close approach | • The Europa Clipper arrives in orbit | • The autopsy report for Elvis Presley is made public |

2028

• Completion of the Deep Space Gateway | • Launch of the European ATHENA X-ray observatory | • China builds the world's largest particle accelerator | • Printed electronics are ubiquitous | • The UK population reaches 70m | • British newspapers are going out of circulation | • Launch of the ARIEL spacecraft | • Delhi becomes the most populous city in the world | • Los Angeles hosts the Summer Olympic Games | • Total solar eclipse in Australia and New Zealand | • Resurrection of several extinct species has been achieved | • The International Space Station is decommissioned |

2029

• Human-like AI is becoming a reality | • Heavy automation of supermarkets and retail environments | • Intelligent advertising | • Mass application of gene drives on mosquitoes | • Global reserves of silver are running out | • Lake Chad disappears from the map | • Madagascar's radiated tortoise is extinct in the wild | • Phase 1 of the California High-Speed Rail line is complete | • Jupiter's Great Red Spot is disappearing | • The wreck of the Titanic has decomposed |

2030-2039 »